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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Patrick Henry
cried out before the Virginia Assembly, "Give me liberty or give me death!"
Richard Henry Lee
at the Philadelphia Congress, moved that the Colonies ought to be independent states
Crispus Atticus
"mulatto" - one of the first to die at the Boston Massacre
James Madison
called the "Father of the Constitution"
Ethan Allen
with Benedict Arnold, captured Ticonderoga and Crown Point; upper New York
Daniel Shays
led an abortive revolt against the government of Massachusetts
Thomas Paine
wrote Common Sense
Gouvernour Morris
delegate to Constitutional Convention from Pennsylvania who spoke more than any other member
Benjamin Franklin
John Adams
John Jay
peace commission; made seperate peace with England
John Hancock
president of the Continental Congress; wealthy New England merchant
Samuel Adams
agitator of the Revolution; organizer of the Boston Tea Party
Alexander Hamilton
ultra conservative New Yorker, favored strong central govt; helped write The Federalist Papers
George Washington
defeated the British at Trenton and Princeton
John Burgoyne
British general that led expedition to invade New York by way of Canada
Thomas Jefferson
favored a loose confederation of states; earlier wrote most of Declaration of Independence
Lord Cornwallis
surrendered at Yorktown
John Paul Jones
navy captain who destroyed much of British merchant ships
Sir William Howe
British general who allowed Washington to escape after the battle at Long Island; stayed in Philadelphia instead of helping Burgoyne
George Rogers Clark
frontiersman who captured British forts north of the Ohio River
James Otis
attorney for the MA merchants who protested the British search of colonial ships that were trading with the enemy (Canada and West Indies) during French and Indian War; persuaded MA legislature to call an intercolonial congress (Stamp Act Congress, 1765) for action against the Stamp Tax
Nathan Hale
officer in CT militia who was disguised as a schoolteacher to carry papers to G. Washington about British dispositions, British caught him in Manhattan, NY and hanged him; he said he regretted he had but one life to give for his country
Thomas Hutchinson
hated Tory governor of MA; fled to England after Rev. War
Gen. Edward Braddock
commander of Br. army in American; lost battle for Ft. Duquesne; the road he had cut from Ft. Cumberland to the Ohio River made late migration to Ohio easier
William Pitt
English Prime Minister 1756-1763; understood Am. colonies; developed a requisition plan to get colonies to help provide for their own defense in Fr. and Indian War; opposed Stamp Act and later Intolerable Acts
Sir William Johnson
made treaty of peace with Indians in 1766 ending Pontiac's attack on Br. military outposts on frontier; supported creating a new colony (Vandalia) in WVA and KY but Revolutionary War started
John Trumbull
wrote one of the "Hartford Wits"; extremely conservative point of view; The Anarchiad poem against the debtor-minded govt of RI which printed paper money in profusion
Daniel Boone
in 1775, cleared the "Wilderness Road" from NC to KY to begin a settlement (Boonesburgh)
John Dickenson
Philadelphia lawyer; reacted to "external" duties of Townshend Acts in Letter of a Pennsylvania Farmer with argument that external taxation was legal only when designed to regulate trade, not raise a revenue
Joseph Galloway
PA delegate to 1st Cont. Congress, 1774; proposed a compromise plan of govt. (delegates from all colonies, president-general appointed by Br. crown who had veto power); failed by one vote
Robert Morris
borrowed heavily upon his own personal credit to pay soldiers in G. Washington's army
Elbridge Gerry
MA delegate to Constitutional Conv; said evils from which country suffered were due to an "excess of democracy"; feared West would have too many representatives in House and so drag the east coast wealth to the west
Edmund Randolph
VA delegate to Constitutional Conv.; presented the VA plan (written by Madison) (two houses, lower by population, upper chosen by lower; both houses choose pres. and judges; could veto state laws); opposed by small states
William Paterson
NJ delegate to Constitutional Conv.; proposed NJ Plan (every state has an equal vote in govt); plan set aside
John Lansing
NY delegate to Constitutional Conv.; later withdrew on grounds that the Convention had exceeded its authority
Charles C. Pinckney
SC delegate to the Constitutional Conv.
Rufus King
MA delegate to the Constitutional Conv.
Roger Sherman
CT shoemaker-politician with a clear head; on the committee to write the Declaration of Independence; delegate to Constitutional Conv.; represented commercial interests of CT; wary of democracy
Anthony Wayne
"mad"; in Rev War defended Phil in G. Washington's army but Br. attacked with bayonets, 300 killed; later he stored the Br. fort at Stony Point on the Hudson
George Clinton
Signed Dec. of Ind. for NY; governor of NY; leading anti-federalist because he was a large landowner and feared the effect of import duties; wrote under the pen name of Cato
James Wilson
PA delegate, signed the Dec. of Ind.; also served as defense counsel at the Tory trials and was a critic of the radical state govt; in 1779 PA militiamen attacked his house, which was defended by the Phil Light Horse Troop