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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How did the United States government assert their ownership over all Indian lands in West?
They invoked the Treat of Paris and claimed that the pro-British Indians were conquered peoples. The Native Americans rejected this claim
What was the Treaty of Fort Sanwix?
Reliniquished much of the pro-British Iroquois people in New York and Pennsylvania in 1784.
Why did President Washington double the size of the U.S. Army and order General "Mad Anthony" Wayne to lead a new expedition?
He was afraid of an alliance between the Western Confederacy and British in Canada.
How did the Western Confederacy react?
They kept strong and forged the Treay of Greenville (Ohio) in 1795.
What was Jay's Treay of 1795?
Reaffirmed Britain's (still unfulfilled) obligation under the Treaty of Paris to remove its military garrisons from the region.
How did the Native Americans react to the American attempts to encourage them to assimilate into white society?
Mostly resisted these efforts. A few Indian leaders tried to find middle ground between their ancestral ways and the European practices. Most Indian women rejected European farming practices.
Did Native American attempts at resistence affect change?
No. They did not deter the advance and migration of white farmers and planters.
Why did the two group during 1790-1820 move out of the South?
One was composed of white tennant farmers who left because of the depleted soils and planter elite. The second group was dominated by slave-owning planters and their enslaved workers.
What are speculators?
Someone who enters a market to buy and then resell at a higher price with the sole goal of making $$$.
What are squatters?
Someone who settles on land they do not own.
What was going on between 1776 and 1809?
Planters bought African slaves and set up slave plantations.
Wha increased the demand for raw wool and cotton?
Technological breakthroughs after 1750. Eli Whitney developed machines that helped cotton be grown.
As southern whites and blacks moved into the trans-Appalachian West and Gulf Coast, a third stream of migrants flowed out of where?
New England.
What is a system of freehold agriculture?`
Ownership of a plot of land and possession of the title or deed. Freeholders have the legal right to improve, transfer, or sell their property. This type of landholding characterized New England in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as its founders attempted to avoid the conentration of lands in the hands of an elite.
Why did farmers find themselves at the bottom of the economic ladder in the West?
They were fleeing declining prospects in the East .
What prompted changes in Eastern Agriculture?
Settlement of western lands.
What did metal-tipped plows and cast-iron models do for Middle Atlantc famers?
It allowed them to maintain production levels even with fewer laborers.
Easterners also took advantage of what else?
The progressive farming methods recently publicized by wealthy British agricultural reforms.
What did Westward migration cause?
It boosted the economy.
What was the quickest and cheapest way to get goods to market?
Water transport. Unfortunately, no rivers cut through the Appalachians.
Therefore, what became an important priority for new state governments?
Inland trade.
Why did many western settlers in the trans-Appalachian West have no choice but to be self-sufficient?
They lacked access to these waterways
What did self-sufficinecy mean?
A low standard of living.
White Americans continued to migrate westward despite what?
These financial hardships and transportation bottlenecks.
What did the humble achievements of thousands of yeoman and tenant families slowly transform?
The landscape of the interior of the continent, turning forests into farms and crossroads into communities.