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43 Cards in this Set

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second continental congress
THE continental congress THAT CONVENED IN MAY 1775, APPROVED THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, AND SERVED AS THE ONLY AGENCY OF NATIONAL GOVERNMENT DURING THE REV. WAR.
OLIVE BRANCH PETITION
A DOCUMENT SENT BY THE SECOND CONTINAL CONGRESS TO KING GEORGE III,PROPOSING A RECONCILLIATION BETWEEN THE COLONIES AND BRITIAN.
COMMON SENCE
A PAMPHLET BY THOMAS PAINE, PUBLISHED IN 1776, THAT CALLED FOR SEPARATION OF THE COLONIES FROM BRITIAN.
THOMAS JEFFERSON
KNOW FOR HIS BROAD KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLFULLY CRAFTY PROSE, WAS CHOSEN TO EXPRESS THE COMMITTEE'S POINTS.-(VIRGINIA LAWYER)
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
THE DOCUMENT,WRITTEN BY THOMAS JEFFERSON IN 1776, WHICH THE DELEGATES OF THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESS DECLARED THE COLONIES INDEPENDENT FROM BRITIAN.
PATRIOTS
COLONISTS WHO SUPPORTED AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITIAN.
LOYALISTS
COLONISTS WHO SUPPORTED THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
VALLEY FORGE
WASH. AND MEAGER ARMY STRUGGLE TO STAY ALIVE AMIDST BITTER COLD AND PRIMITIVE CONDITIONS V.F.PENNSY.
TRENTON
A SUPRISE ATTACK BY WASH.AMERI-KILLED 30 ENEMY AND TOOK 918 CAPTIVED- PLUS TOOK 6 HESSIAN CANNONS.
SARATOGA
AMERI. TROOPS SURROUNDED BURGOYNE AT SARATOGA-HE SURRENDERED HIS BATTERED ARMY TO GENERAL GATES ON 10-17-77-THIS MADE BRITISH STAY ON THE COAST,CLOSE TO THE BIG GUNS-(BRIT.FLEET.)
INFLATION
AN INCREASE IN PRICES OR DECLINE IN PURCHASING POWER CAUSED BY AN INCREASE IN THE SUPPLY OF MONEY.
PROFITEEING
THE SELLING OF GOODS IN SHORT SUPPLY AT INFLATED PRICES.
YORKTOWN
A ROAD NEAR YORKTOWN , VIRGINIA ON 10-19-1781 COL.WILLIAM FORTAINE /STOOD W/ AMERI. AND FRENCH ARIMIES TO WITTNESS THE FORMAL BRITHISH SURRENDER.
FRIEDRICH VON STEUBEN
VOLUTEERED HIS SERVICE TO GEN.WASHINTON,TO MARCH AND DRILL.(FIGHTING FORCE)HE WAS FROM PURISSIAN
MARQUIS DE LAFAYETTE
A FRENCH ARISTOCRATE JOINED GEN. WASHING. AT VALLEY FORGE-LOBBIED FOR THE FRENCH REINFORCEMENT IN FRANCE 1779-(LED A COMMAND IN VIRGINIA)
CHARLES CORNWALLIS
WAS TAKEN OVER BY GEN.HENRY CLINTON,-CAPTURED CHARLES TOWN SO. CAROLINA 1780-MARCHED 5,500 AM. SOLDIERS OFF AS P.O.W.-LEAVING CORNWALLIS TO COMMAND THE BRIISH FORCE IN THE SO.AND TO CONQUER SO.&NO. CAROLINA.
TREATY OF PARIS
1783-THE TREATY THAT ENDED THE REV. WAR, CONFIRMING THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE U.S. AND SETTING THE BOUNDATIES OF THE NEW NATION.
EGALITARIANISM
THE BELIEF THAT ALL PEOPLE SHOULD HAVE EQUAL POLITCAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CIVIL RIGHTS
REPUBLIC
A GOVERNMENT IN WHICH THE CITIZENS RULE THROUGH ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES.
REPUBLICANISM
THE BELIEF THAT GOVERNMENT SHOULD BE BASED ON THE CONSENT OF THE PEOPLE.
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
A DOCUMENT ADOPTED BY THE 2ND CONT. CONGRESS IN 1777 APROVED BY THE U.S. IN 1781, THAT OUTLINE THE FORM OF GOVERNMENT OF THE NEW U.S.
CONFEDERATION
AN ALLIANCE PERMITTING STATES OR NATIONS TO ACT TOGETHER ON MATTERS OF MUTUAL CONCERN.
LAND ORDINANCE OF 1785
A LAW THAT ESTABLISHED A PLAN FOR SURVEYING AND SELLING THE FEDERALLY OWNED LANDS WEST OF THE APPALACHIAN MTS.
NORTHWEST ORDINANCE OF 1787
A LAW THAT EATABLISHED A PROCEDURE FOR THE ADMISSION OF NEW STATES OF THE UNION.
SHAYS;S REBELLION
AN UPRISING OF DEPT-RIDDEN MASSACHUTTS FARMERS PROTESTING INCREASED STATE TAXES IN 1787
JAMES MADISON
A 1786 LEADER OF VIRGINIA CALLED A MEETING OF STATE DELEGATE TO DISCUSS ISSUES OF INTERSTATE TRADE.
ROGER SHERMAN
POLITICAL LEADER-FROM CONNECTICUT, SUGGESTED THE "GREAT COMPROMISE"
GREAT COMPROMISE
THE CONST.CONVEN.AGREEMENT TO ESTABLISH A 2-HOUSE NATIONAL LEGISLATURE,W/ALL STATES HAVING EQUAL REPRESENTATION IN ONE HOUSE & EACH STATE HAVING REPRESENTATION BASED ON ITS POPULATION IN THE OTHER HOUSE
THREE-FIFTHS COMPROMISE
THE CONSITUTIONAL CONVENTION'S TO COUNT 3/5THS OF A STATES SLAVES AS POPULATION FOR PURPOSES OF REPRESENTATION AND TAXATION.
FEDERALISM
A POLITICAL SYSTEM IN WHICH A NATIONAL GOVERNMENT & CONSTITUENT UNITS,SUCH AS STATE GOVERNMENTS, SHARE POWER.
RATIFCATION
THE OFFICIAL APPROVAL OF THE CONSTITION, OR OF AN AMENDMENT, BY THE STATES
FEDERALIST
SUPPORTERS OF THE CONSTITUTION AND OF A STRONG NATIONAL GOVERNMENT.
ANTIFEDERALISTS
AN OPPONENT OF A STRONG CENTRAL GOVERNMENT.
THE FEDERALIST
SERIES OF ESSAYS DEFENDING & EXPLAINING THE CONSISTUTION WRITTEN BY ALEX.HAMILTON, JAMES MODISON,JOHN JAY.
BILL OF RIGHTS
THE FIRST TEN AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION, ADDED IN 1791 AND CONSISTING OF A FORMAL LIST OF CITIZENS' RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS.
JUDICIARY ACT OF 1789
A LAW THAT ESTABLISHED THE FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM AND THE NUMBERS OF SUPREMCOURT JUSTICES AND THAT PROVIDED FOR THE APPEAL OF CERTAIN STATE COURT DECISIONS TO THE FEDERAL COURTS.
ALEXANDER HAMILTON
SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY-WASHINGTON CHOSE CAPABLE LEADERS HE KNEW AND TRUSTED
CABINET
THE PRESIDENT'S CHIEF ADVISERS
BANK OF THE UNITED STATES
EITHER OF THE TWO NATIONAL BANKS, FUNDED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE INVESTORS, EST.BY CONGRESS, THE FIRST IN 1791-SECOND IN 1816.
DEMOCRATIC/REPUBLICAN
A POLITCAL PARTY KNOW FOR ITS SUPPORT OF STRONG STATE GOVERNMENTS,FOUNDED BY THOMAS JEFFERSON IN 1792 IN OPPOSITION TO THE FEDERALIST PARTY.
TWO-PARTY SYSTEM
A POLITICAL SYSTEM DOMINATED BY TWO MAJOR PARTIES.
PROTECTIVE TARIFF
A TAX ON IMPORTED GOODS THAT IS INTENDED TO PROTECT A NATION'S BUSINESSES FROM FORIGN COMPETION.
EXCISE TAX
A TAX ON THE PRODUCTION,SALES, OR CONSUMPTION OF GOODS PRODUCED WITHIN A COUNTRY.