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39 Cards in this Set

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Hammurabi
King of Babylon famous for his code of laws.
Pharoah
Title of the Kings of Egypt. Originally meant king's palace.
Hyksos
Semitic people from Western Asia. Dominated Egypt during Second Imtermediate Period, 1800-1750B.C.
Menes
United Upper and Lower Egypt, establish First Dynasty, c 3100 B.C.E.
Hatsheput
Female pharaoh, XV Century B.C.E
Thutmose III
Egyptian pharaoh famous for conquests.
Akhnaton
Egyptian pharaoh who developed first monotheistic religion.
Ramases II
Last great pharaoh. Spectacular builder.
KUSH
Area south of Egypt. Its King Piye would dominate Egypt in the VIII Century B.C.E.
Hittites
Empire builders of Anatolia. Sacked Babylon about 1650 B.C. First to use Iron.
Phoenicians
People famous for trade. First to perfect a phonetic alphabet.
Abraham
Founder of the jewish people. Led followers out of Canaan.
Moses
Led Jews out of Egypt and made first covenant with their God. (Yahweh protects his chosen people.)
David
Second King of Israel. Believed to be the author of many psalms.
Solomon
Son of David. Remembered for wisdom. Last king of united Israel.
Dispora
Scattering of Jews after A.D. 70
Assyria
Militaristic empire of northern Mesopotamia noted for GREAT CRUELTY. Greatest of all prepPersian empires.
Ashurbanipal
Famous for his great library at Nineveh which contained the collected literature and history of Sumner & Babylon.
Nebuchadnezzar
CONQUERER AND DESTROYER or Jerusalem who moved many Jews to Babylon.
Zoroaster
Prophet of Persian god AHURA-MAZDA. Believed in DUALITY.
Cyrus the Great
FIRST KING of the PERSIAN Empire.
Culture
Pattern or behavior or learning
Hominids
Pre- or- proto - HUMANS
Homo Sapiens
Only existing species of man.
Animism
The belief that things in nature are inhabited by spirits, which must be revered.
Paleolithic Culture
Early human culture. The Old Stone Age. Made stone tools using standardized procedures.
Neolithic Culture
New Stone Age includes domestication of plants and animals. After this man becomes a food producer.
Tribe
Community characterized by a common speech or distinctive dialect, common cultural heritage. (tribal chief)
Megaliths
Large stone monuments, such as Stonehenge, built by Neolithic people.
Civilization
a CULTURE that has attained a degree of COMPLEXITY. Characterized by urban life and interdependence on urban residents.
Protoliterate
BEFORE Writing
Mesopotamia
Greek for "Between the Rivers" (Tigris and Euphrates)
Fertile Cresent
Area from the Persian Gulf on the east along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to the Mediterranean Sea and along the east coast of that sea.
Sumner
Home of civilization, writing, the wheel, cities. Origin of people Unknown. Language not semitic or Indo-European. Developed CUNNEIFORM System of Writing.
Ziggurat
Pyramid shaped building in Mesopotamian cities crowned by a temple to a god.
Cuneiform
Wedge-shaped writing used by Mesopotamian scribes who wrote with a reed instrument in CLAY tablets.
Gilgamesh
Hero of the Epic of Gilgamesh who searches for immortality. Has ancient version of the GREAT FLOOD. The OLDEST BOOK we know.
Enlil
Great God of ancient Sumeria who changed the languages of mankind who tried to build a temple to Heaven and brought flood to punish the wicked.
Sargon I (of Akkad)
First great SEMITIC ruler. Built first known empire from Persian gulf to Mediterranean Sea. LEGEND-He was a baby left in a basket in the river.