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60 Cards in this Set

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1. 30 – The Church begins on__________, as recorded in Acts 2 [NB]
the Day of Pentecost
2. 49 – __________settles the Judaizer debate, emphasizing the fact that Gentile Christians are not obligated to keep the Mosaic Law. [NB]
The Jerusalem Council
3. 64 – fire ravages Rome. __________blames Christians and unleashes persecution.
Emperor Nero
4. 70 – _________destroys Jerusalem and its temple. Separation deepens between Christianity and Judaism.
Titus
5. ~95 – ___________ writes his First Epistle to the Corinthians, urging them to avoid schism and underscoring justification by faith. [NB]
Clement of Rome
6. ~100 – ___________, the last living Apostle, dies in Ephesus after having been exiled to Patmos. [NB]
The Apostle John
7. ~116 –________, bishop of Antioch, writes seven letters to various churches before being killed as a martyr in the Coliseum in Rome. [NB]
Ignatius
8. ~130 – _________dies; he was a disciple of the Apostle John and a Premillennialist. His writings, now lost, are partially recorded by Irenaeus and Eusebius of Caesarea. [NB]
Papias
9. ~130 – ___________ written by “Barnabas” (not the biblical Barnabas) in Alexandria, Egypt. It is characterized by an allegorical hermeneutic. Other important second-century writings include The Didache and The Shepherd of Hermas. [NB]
The Epistle of Barnabas
10. ~150 – ___________ writes his First Apology, advancing Christian efforts to address competing philosophies.
Justin Martyr
11. ~156– ________, an eighty-six-year-old bishop, inspires Christians to stand firm under opposition.
Polycarp
12. ~172 – _______dies. His most famous work, the ________, is the earliest known harmony of the four New Testament Gospels. [NB]
Tatian, Diatessaron
13. 177 – _________becomes bishop of Lyons and combats developing heresies within the Church.
Irenaeus
14. ~196 – Colorful and cantankerous __________begins writings that earn him the reputation of being the "Father of Latin Theology."
Tertullian
15. ~205 – The gifted North African _________begins writing. He headed a noted catechetical school in Alexandria. [A school he inherited from Clement of Alexandria.]
Origen
16. 251 – ________, bishop of Carthage, publishes his influential work Unity of the Church. He was martyred in 258.
Cyprian
17. 270 – _________gives away his possessions and begins life as a hermit, a key event in the development of Christian monasticism. [He was one of the first ascetics to go out into the wilderness (in Egypt). His biography, written by _________, helped to make monasticism popular among Christians, especially in the West.]
Antony, Athanasius
18. 303 – The tenth wave of anti-Christian persecution begins under _________. Many Christians gave their lives as martyrs. [NB]
Diocletian
19. 312 – ___________is converted after seeing a vision of the cross. He becomes a defender and advocate of the oppressed Christians.
Constantine
20. 325 – __________addresses debates perplexing the Church and defines the doctrine of who Jesus really was. [--namely, that He is of the same substance as the Father]
The Council of Nicea
21. 367 – __________ recognizes the New Testament Canon, listing the same books we have now. [Athanasias defended the orthodox doctrine of the Trinity throughout his entire lifetime, enduring multiple exiles for the stand he took.]
Athanasius' Easter Letter
22. 379 – _______dies. He, along with __________ and __________, defended Nicene orthodoxy in Asia Minor at a time when such was unpopular. Together, these three are known as the Cappadocian Fathers. [NB]
Basil, Gregory of Nazianzus, Gregory of Nyssa
23. 380 – ___________(“the Great”) declares Nicene Christianity to be the official religion of the Roman Empire. The next year he would convene the first Council of Constantinople, which dealt a final blow to Arianism. [NB]
Emperor Theodosius I
24. 385 – In Milan, __________ defies the Empress, helping establish the precedent of Church confrontation of the state when necessary to protect Christian teaching and oppose the state. [________was a major influence on Augustine through his preaching.]
Bishop Ambrose
25. 387 – __________ is converted. His writings became bedrock for the Middle Ages. The Confessions and City of God are still read by many.
Augustine of Hippo
26. 398 – ___________, the "golden tongued" preacher is made bishop of Constantinople and leads from there amidst continuing controversies.
John Chrysostom
27. 405 – _________completes the Latin "Vulgate" version of the Bible that becomes the standard for the next one thousand years.
Jerome
28. 432 – ___________goes as a missionary to Ireland—taken there as a teenager as a slave. He returns and leads multitudes of Irish people to the Christian faith.
Patrick
29. 440 –___________ (“the Great”) becomes bishop of Rome. ________did much to consolidate Rome’s political and theological authority. His Tome was instrumental in resolving the Christological debate at Chalcedon. [NB]
Leo I
30. 451 –_____________ confirms orthodox teaching that Jesus was truly God and truly man and existed in one person. [Nestorianism and Eutychianism are both denounced as heresies.]
The Council of Chalcedon
31. 476 – This is the date that most historians ascribe to the__________ (the western half of the Roman Empire), due to the invasion of ______________. [NB]
fall of Rome, barbarian tribes
32. 529 – ___________establishes his monastic order. His “rule” becomes the most influential for centuries of monasticism in the West.
Benedict of Nursia
33. 553 – ___________ (“the Great”) convenes the Second Council of Constantinople in order to resolve the monophysite/dyophisite controversy. [NB]
Emperor Justinian I
34. 563 – __________goes as a missionary to Scotland. He establishes the legendary monastic mission center at Iona. [________had been trained in Ireland; he left there to become a missionary to the “Picts”—the natives of Scotland.]
Columba
35. 590 – __________becomes Pope _________, known as "the Great." His leadership significantly advances the development of the papacy and has enormous influence on Europe.
Gregory, Gregory I
36. 597 – __________brings Christianity to the Anglo-Saxons of England. [NB]
Augustine of Canterbury
37. 632 – ___________dies in Arabia after founding a new, heretical religion: Islam. [NB]
Muhammad
38. 716 – ________, the "Apostle of Germany," sets out as a missionary to bring the gospel to pagan lands. [He was influential in extending Christianity throughout the Frankish kingdom to other Germanic tribes.]
Boniface
39. 731 – The "Venerable" ___________completes his careful and influential Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation. [For his work, he became known as “The Father of English History.” Much of what we know about Augustine of Canterbury and other missionaries comes from Bede.]
Bede
40. 732 – At __________, _________ turns back the Muslim invasion of Europe.
the Battle of Tours, Charles Martel
41. 781 – A ________ dating back to 781 indicates the presence of a strong Christian contingency in China during the __________. [NB]
stone stele, Tang dynasty
42. 787– _______, the widow of _________, organized _________which authorized the use of religious icons in both the Western and Eastern Church. [NB]
Irene, Emperor Leo IV, the Second Council of Nicea
43. 800 – __________crowned emperor by the pope ________ on Christmas. He advances the church, education, and culture.
Charlemagne, [Leo III]
44. 1054 –______________. Brewing for centuries, rupture finally comes to a head with the fissure that has lasted to this day.
The East-West Schism
45. 1093 – _________becomes Archbishop of Canterbury. A devoted monk and outstanding theologian, his Cur Deus Homo? (Why Did God Become Man?), explored the atonement. [He articulated the “satisfaction theory” of the atonement, which is somewhat similar to the “penal substitution” theology of the Reformers.]
Anselm
46. 1095 –________ launches the First Crusade. The crowd wildly shouts "God wills it!" There would be several crusades over the next centuries with many tragic results.
Pope Urban II
47. 1115 – ________founds the monastery at Clairvaux. He and the monastery become a major center of spiritual and political influence. [_________was a major supporter of the Second Crusade and of the Knights Templar.]
Bernard
48. ~1150 – ________ and ________are founded and become incubators for renaissance and reformation and precursors for modern educational patterns.
Universities of Paris, Oxford
49. 1173 – ________founds the _________, a reform movement emphasizing poverty, preaching and the Bible. He and his followers are eventually condemned as heretics and the Waldensians suffer great persecution for centuries.
Peter Waldo, Waldensians
50. 1206 – _________ renounces wealth and goes on to lead a band of poor friars preaching the simple life.
Francis of Assisi
51. 1215 – ___________ deals with heresy, reaffirms Roman Catholic doctrines and strengthens the authority of the popes. [According to Norm Geisler, it was at this Council that Roman Catholic doctrine became officially apostate. Of course, the seeds of apostasy had been planted centuries before.]
The Fourth Lateran Council
52. 1273–________completes work on Summa Theoligica, the theological masterpiece of the Middle Ages.
Thomas Aquinas
53. 1321 – ________completes _________, the greatest work of Christian literature to emerge from the Middle Ages. [This epic poem gives a first-hand account of _________’s imaginative journey through hell, purgatory, and heaven.]
Dante, The Divine Comedy
54. 1378 – _________ goes to Rome to help heal the "Great Papal Schism" which had resulted in multiple popes. Partly through her influence, the papacy moves back to Rome from Avignon. [The “Babylonian Captivity” ended at this time when Gregory XI moved the papacy permanently back to Rome.]
Catherine of Siena
55. ~1380 – ________ is exiled from Oxford but oversees a translation of the Bible into English. He is later hailed as the "Morning star of the Reformation."
John Wycliffe
56. 1415 – _______, who teaches Wycliffe's ideas in Bohemia, is condemned and burned at the stake by the Council of Constance. [The Council of Constance also put an end to the “Papal Schism” that had begun in 1378.]
John Hus
57. 1453 – The fall of ________to the Muslim Turks marks the end of the Middle Ages. [NB]
Constantinople
58. 1456 – _________produces the first printed Bible, and his press becomes a means for dissemination new ideas, catalyzing changes in politics and theology.
Johann Gutenberg
59. 1478 – The _________is established under King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella to oppose "heresy."
Spanish Inquisition
60. 1498 – _________, the fiery Dominican reformer of Florence, in Italy, is executed.
Savonarola