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13 Cards in this Set

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What were the stipulations of the Hays Code?
1) No film should lower the morals of those who see it.
2) No sex outside of marriage - adultery can't be part made attractive as part of plot
3) No lustful kissing, embracing, suggestive positions, sexual perversions, etc.
4) No flushing toilets
What is suture and what scene in what movie is it referring to?
Refers to our sense of being inserted into a specific place in the film from which the camera's "look" seems to originate. We look at the film's fictional world from this place.

- Refers to the movie psycho in the beginning where the camera enters the window of a tall building which shows a guy and a girl in bed.
What is auteur theory?
The study of film through directors and their individual styles.

Director's "personal creative vision"
What are the elements of a classic narrative style? (realist & mainstream)
- Linear and chronological plot
- Beginning>Middle>End
- Ending come with resolution of the problems
- Plot is goal-oriented
- Editing is nearly invisible, viewer is directed towards characters and their actions

Ex: Rear Window
What are the elements of Italian neo-realism?
- Tell stories that take place in the present day
- Focus on common events in the lives of the poor and working class
- End without closure
- Were shot on location
- Had a “low-budget”, documentary look
- Used poor-quality black and white film stock
- Use of non-professional actors w/realistic dialogue
What are the differences between modernism and realism?
Modernism:
- Noticeable story-telling
- Critique of modern social condition: industrialism and reitfication of labor.
- Themes: alienation, disconnection, lack of shared social reality.

Realism:
- Self-effacing storytelling
- "Invisible" editing
What is deep focus cinematography?
Where multiple planes of the image are all in focus.
What is reframing?
The movement of the camera frame from one position to another in a continuous shot. Can happen through camera movement or zoom.

Ex: Citizen Kane - after Kane's mother signs the paper and they walk out of the boarding house as the camera zooms out showing Charles Kane meet his new financial guardian, Thatcher.
What is off-screen space?
The space beyond the camera's frame which is narratively in play. Eyelines, sounds, acting, partial vsibility of objects/people, "open frames", sets (doorways, windows, hallways, etc.) can all point off screen and indicate that something may appear to become active.
What are the elements of an art cinema narrative style?
- Non-linear or episodic plots
- Fragmented situations
- Beginning, middle, and end are out of order.
- Unresolved endings
- Evident style; focus on characters' moods
What is Mise-en-Scene?
What is in the picture.

The elements which overlap with theatre.
What is Cinematography?
The elements which overlap with photography.
What is shot-reverse-shot?
A variant of point of view, where it shows a shot of the character's position close to another character.

Usually done in alternating pattern of one shot, then the reverse shot - other character.

Ex: When Kane is conversing with Susan Alexander at her home: switches between his and her view.