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18 Cards in this Set

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JAMESTOWN*
The first English settlement in 1607. It was 30 miles from the mouth of the James River. It was on low-lying ground which was disease ridden and the water was contaminated with salt.
Capt. John Smith
Smith brought order to anarchy. He traded with Indians for food, mapped Chesapeake Bay, and was saved from execution by Pocahontas. He saved Jamestown by seizing control of the ruling council and instituting tough military discipline.
tobacco
Tobacco was brought to Virginia by John Rolfe, who experimented and found a milder variety more appealing to European smokers. With tobacco being easy to grow, it became Virginia's most valuable export.
House of Burgesses
An elective representitive assembly promised by Sir Edwin Sandys to the colonist to make the colony more attractive to wealthy speculators
indentured servants
Individuals who agree to serve a master for a set number of years in exchange for the cost of boat transport to America. The dominate form of labor in the Chesapeake colonies before slavery.
headright
System of land distribution in which settlers were granted a fifty-acre plot of l and from the colonial government for each servant or dependent they transported to the New World. The system encouraged the recruitment of a large servile labor force.
Lord Baltimore
The first Lord Baltimore was Sir George Calvert, the driving force behind the founding of Maryland. The second Lord Baltimore was his son, Cecilius, who became a proprietor with almost royal powers. He insisted that Maryland tolerate all Christian religions, including Catholicism, something no other colony was willing to do.
Pilgrims
The name for the separatists that came from the original Scrooby congregation that sailed to American on the Mayflower in 1620.
Separatists
Those that believed the Church of England retained too many traces of its Catholic origin and chose to "separate" and left the established state church.
Mayflower Compact
Agreement among the Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower to create a civil government at Plymouth Colony.
Puritans
Members of a reformed Protestant sect in Europe and America that insisted on removing all vestiges of Catholism from popular religious practice.
John Winthrop
One of twelve Puritans to sign the Cambridge Agreement, a pledge to be ready, with families, to leave on the first of March to establish Massachusetss Bay.
Massachusetts Bay
A Puritan colony whereby nearly 16,000 men and woman migrated by the early 1640's. The moved there in fmailies, unlike Virginia and Maryland.
Roger Williams
A charasmatic individual, in the Massachusets Bay who had loyal followers and was a likeable fellow. He preached extreme separatism and was so bad that he was eventually banished from the colony.
Anne Hutchinson
An outspoken, charasmatic lady who was bannished from Massachusets and settled in Rhode Island.
Middle Colonies
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware. All culturally diversive
Quakers
Members of a radical religious group, formally known as the Society of Friends, that rejected formal theology and stressed each person's "inner light" a spiritual guide to righteousness.
William Penn
A Quaker, who came from an aristocratic family, and was a bold visionary. He was expelled from Oxford University for holding unorthodox religious views. He was the found of Pennsylvania.