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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
MONROE DOCTRINE
- Executive order in foreign policy : Fear that French/British will take over Spanish countries/Western Hemisphere

- Proclaimed the United States' opinion that European powers should no longer colonize the Americas or interfere with the affairs of sovereign nations located in the Americas, such as the United States of America, Mexico, and others.

- In return, the United States planned to stay neutral in wars between European powers and in wars between a European power and its colonies.
HARTFORD CONVENTION
LOOK UP
MISSOURI COMPROMISE
- agreement passed in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States, involving primarily the regulation of slavery in the western territories. It prohibited slavery for all new states north of the 36°30' line

o He proposed that MO be a slave state, but allowing a previously attached state, Maine to be free.
o The compromise also extending MO west (at the 36◦30◦ parallel) would make free states everything above this parallel and everything below slave states
HENRY CLAY
- Was known as the “Great Compromiser”
o He proposed that MO be a slave state, but allowing a previously attached state, Maine to be free.

o The compromise also extending MO west (at the 36◦30◦ parallel) would make free states everything above this parallel and everything below slave states


- Founder and leader of the Whig Party and a leading advocate of programs for modernizing the economy (such as factories, canals, railroads and banks).
JOHN C. CALHOUN
- Calhoun was a major inspiration on the secessionists who created the short-lived Confederate States of America
-Calhoun pushed the theory of nullification, a states' rights theory
NULLIFICATION CRISIS
- A sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson centered around the question of whether a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress.
TRAIL OF TEARS
- The forced relocation in 1838 of the Cherokee Native American tribe to the Western United States, which resulted in the deaths of an estimated 4,000 Cherokees

- The treaty was enforced by President Martin Van Buren, who sent federal troops to round up about 17,000 Cherokees in camps before being sent to the West.

- Most of the deaths occurred from disease in these camps.
PANIC OF 1837
- An economic depression, one of the most severe financial crises in the history of the United States.

- The Panic was built on a speculative fever. The bubble burst on May 10, 1837 in New York City, when every bank stopped payment in specie (gold and silver coinage).

- The Panic was followed by a five-year depression, with the failure of banks and record unemployment levels.
JOHN TYLER
- He was the first president born after the adoption of the U.S. Constitution and the first to assume the office of President upon the death of his predecessor

- Tenth President of the United States.