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61 Cards in this Set

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Battle of Little Bighorn
(1876) Lakota and Northern Cheyenne defeat US Army in Montana, a good defeat for the Indians
Dawes Severalty Act
(1887) Allowed President to look over Indian land and set certain land aside for individual Native Americans
Ghost Dance and Wounded Knee
(1890) US Army massacres Native Americans (in the hundreds)
Jacob Riis and How the Other Half Lives
(1890) A book with pictures/stories of life in New York slums
Boss Tweed
Deomcratic Senator (NY) ... head of the Erie Railroad, embezzled $3,000,000 and was put in jail
Credit Mobilier
got a way-to-high profit from the Union Pacific railroad company while other investors were left near bankruptcy
Interstate Commerce Act
(1887) Formed the Interstate Commerce Commission which regulated railroads, it was composed of 5 members appointed by the President
Andrew Carnegie and The Gospel of Wealth
founder of the Carnegie Steel Company; his essay was about the self-made rich and how to recirculate their wealth back into American society
JP Morgan
major player in the steel business; merged with Carnegie Steel
John D Rockefeller
Started the Standard Oil Company, accused of having a monopoly, but set the oil trend in the US
Terence Powderly and the Knights of Labor
Son of Irish immigrants, worked on the railroad and then led the KoL, a union for US workers' social rights etc.
Pools and trusts
pools divided up markets among supposedly competing firms and fixed prices, trusts were legal devices whereby affairs of rival companies were managed by a single director, set up because competition was chaotic, however, individual firms wanted so much profit that pools and trusts did not work
Sam Gompers and the AFL
American labor and political leader ... the American Federation of Labor
Haymarket Square Riot
(1886) in Chicago, people were rallying for the 8-hour workday
Civil Service Act of 1883
created a merit system so that employees got federal jobs based on exams rather than political influence, showed how corruption had hurt government and steps to correct it
Homestead Strike
(1892) strike between the Carnegie Steel Company and a steel union, the AA
Pullman Strike
(1894) 50,000 Pullman Palace Car Company workers reacted to a 28% wage cut by going on a wildcat strike
Eugene Debs
Republican, supported agressive foreign policy, expansion of navy, exlusion of illegal immigrants, go by gold standard
Social Darwinism
a "survival of the fittest" attitude
The Social Gospel
The movement applies Christian principles to social problems, especially poverty, inequality, liquor, crime, racial tensions, slums, bad hygiene, poor schools, and the danger of war.
Wabash v Illinois
(1886) a United States Supreme Court case that severely limited the rights of states to control interstate commerce. It led to the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission.
US v EC Knight Co
(1890) a United States Supreme Court case that limited the government's power to control monopolies.
Farmers Alliance
an organized agrarian economic movement among U.S. farmers that flourished in the 1880s. First formed in 1876 in Lampasas, Texas, the Alliance was designed to promote higher commodity prices through collective action by groups of individual farmers.
Grover Cleveland
22nd and 24th Prez; only Democrat between 1860 and 1912; he opposed imperialism, taxes, corruption, patronage, subsidies and inflationary policies.
Omaha Platform
(1892) In Omaha, creation of the Populist party, which was against the gold standard
Panic of 1893
a serious decline in the economy of the United States that began in 1893 and was precipitated in part by a run on the gold supply
William Jennings Bryan and "Cross of Gold"
major Democrat (Prez nominee 3 times)...supported Gold standard; united the agrarian and silver factions
"Free Silver"
Bryan's policy supporting unlimited minting of silver currency
Election of 1896
Republican William McKinley defeat Democrat William Jennings Bryan
The Redeemers
a political coalition in the Southern United States during the Reconstruction era, who sought to overthrow the Radical Republican coalition of Freedmen, carpetbaggers and Scalawags.
Homestead Strike
(1892) strike between the Carnegie Steel Company and a steel union, the AA
Pullman Strike
(1894) 50,000 Pullman Palace Car Company workers reacted to a 28% wage cut by going on a wildcat strike
Eugene Debs
Republican, supported agressive foreign policy, expansion of navy, exlusion of illegal immigrants, go by gold standard
Social Darwinism
a "survival of the fittest" attitude
The Social Gospel
The movement applies Christian principles to social problems, especially poverty, inequality, liquor, crime, racial tensions, slums, bad hygiene, poor schools, and the danger of war.
Wabash v Illinois
(1886) a United States Supreme Court case that severely limited the rights of states to control interstate commerce. It led to the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission.
US v EC Knight Co
(1890) a United States Supreme Court case that limited the government's power to control monopolies.
Farmers Alliance
an organized agrarian economic movement among U.S. farmers that flourished in the 1880s. First formed in 1876 in Lampasas, Texas, the Alliance was designed to promote higher commodity prices through collective action by groups of individual farmers.
Grover Cleveland
22nd and 24th Prez; only Democrat between 1860 and 1912; he opposed imperialism, taxes, corruption, patronage, subsidies and inflationary policies.
Omaha Platform
(1892) In Omaha, creation of the Populist party, which was against the gold standard
Panic of 1893
a serious decline in the economy of the United States that began in 1893 and was precipitated in part by a run on the gold supply
William Jennings Bryan and "Cross of Gold"
major Democrat (Prez nominee 3 times)...supported Gold standard; united the agrarian and silver factions
"Free Silver"
Bryan's policy supporting unlimited minting of silver currency
Election of 1896
Republican William McKinley defeat Democrat William Jennings Bryan
The Redeemers
a political coalition in the Southern United States during the Reconstruction era, who sought to overthrow the Radical Republican coalition of Freedmen, carpetbaggers and Scalawags.
Poll taxes, literacy tests, grandfather clauses
these were attempts to prevent Blacks from voting
Booker T Wasington
born into slavery, said that Blacks should worry more about getting skilled jobs and education than obtaining the rights of citizens
Plessy v Ferguson
(1896) after the train incident in Louisiana involving Homer Plessy, it turned out that the Supreme Court allowed for separation of races imposing the "separate but equal" doctrine
Rise of Lynching & Ida Wells
Lynching occured a lot in the South toward suspected criminals; the lynching meant the suspectees were murdered by mobs
Chinese Exclusion Act
(1882) Congress temporarily excluded immigrants from China all together; 1st time race had been used to exclude an entire group of people from entering US; renewed restriction 10 yrs later à made permanent in 1902
WCTU- Women's Christian Temperance Union
grew to be era’s largest female organization; comprehensive program of economic + political reform including right to vote
The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
the largest and most important suffrage organization in the United States until the passage in 1920 of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
Alfred Thayer Mahan's The Influence of Sea Power upon History
The book was published by Mahan while President of the US Naval War College, and was a culmination of his ideas regarding naval warfare and its superiority.
Yellow journalism
a pejorative reference to journalism that features scandal-mongering, sensationalism, jingoism or other unethical or unprofessional practices by news media organizations or individual journalists.
USS Maine
whose sinking by an explosion, on February 15th 1898, precipitated the Spanish-American War.
John Hay
Abraham Lincoln's secretary, said the Spanish-American war was a "spendid little war"
Rough Riders
the name bestowed by the American press on the 1st U.S. Volunteer Cavalry Regiment during the Spanish-American War.
Insular Cases (1901-1904)
the Supreme Court said that full constitutional rights did not automatically extend to all areas under American control; upon annexation of Guam, Hawaii, Phillippines etc
"uplifting" the Philippines
helping the Philippines because they needed it
Open Door policy
is a concept in foreign affairs stating that, in principle, all nations should have equal commercial and industrial trade rights.
Teller amendment; Platt amendment
an amendment to a joint resolution of the United States Congress, enacted on April 19, 1898, which led to the Spanish-American War, which stated that when the United States defeated the Spanish Occupants in Cuba, (freeing Cuba from their control) it would give the Cubans their freedom and independent control of their affairs. (And not annex it to the United States)

that stipulated the conditions for the withdrawal of United States troops remaining in Cuba since the Spanish-American War,