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7 Cards in this Set

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Gang and Task system
Gang System- a division of labor, it is the harsher one of the two. Used in the WEST INDIES AND CHESPEAKE. It was the most productive form of labor and was preferred on sugar plantations and it was very brutal and harsh. Slaves were divided into groups according to physical capabilities, and worked usually from early morning to late night and were supervised. They wanted maximum production out of this group and operated like an “assembly line”.
Task System- this division wasn’t as harsh. It was used in SOUTH CAROLINA AND GEORGIA. If they were finished with there set of task for the day they could rest or work on their own garden or other projects.
Significance-illustrates the distinctions among the different regions of the Americas, the labor
conditions of the slaves as well as the relationship between the slaves and
the whites.
Triangular Trade
was the "Atlantic Trade System"
eng goods traded for African slaves, slaves sent to Americas via Middle Passages traded for American goods which were sent back to eng.
simlar to fur trade, caused conflicts within africa btw groups.
Middle Passage
The middle passage was the middle route of the triangular trade and it was from Africa to the Americas. This was the longest trip on the journey and many slaves died from cramped quarters, malnutrition, and diseases. Because of so many deaths on the middle passage, Europeans had to keep exporting more and more slaves to keep up with the demand.
Slavery in West Indies
extreme opposite of Northern slavery
had largest market for slaves because sugar was a large profit, but the plantations were very deadly
harsh conditions, used gang system
because they were outnumbered 3 to 1, the whites created legal and cultural restrictions
Stono Rebellioin
one of the 1st crisis of Brit. America in S. Carolina

slaves rebell together trying to seek refuge in Florida, but caught and killed

shocked slaveholders, lead to stricter laws

confirmed anglo americans' fear ab dangers of slaveholding and inablity to prevent serious internal disorder
Rice and Indigo
south carolina's primary crops
high demand for both these crops prompted the need for more slaves, and so more slave importation was high
used task system, needed afr slaves b/c they had exper.

very significant as they made the south agricultural colonies more dependent on slave labor and eventually entrenched slavery in southern culture and economies
Gustava Vassa
aka Olaudah Equiano
wrote ab his exper. on middle passage

one of the 1st captured in africa, but educated himself, bought his freedom, and became abolitionist in Eng.

significantly
helped the abolition movement and provided a unique perspective into the life
of a slave.