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60 Cards in this Set

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paid his way to US from Italy to warn about possibilities of nuclear fission research; military ignored him
Enrico Fermi
Economic adviser to FDR; delivered letter from Einstein and Szilard
Alexander Sachs
orgiinal head of Uranium Committee; probably delyaed researach by at least a year due to his stubborness
Lyman Briggs
German scientists; determined Uranium-235 and Plutonium could fuel a fission reaction
Otto Fisch& Rudolph Peierls
Argued that after FDR's death, Truman was more worried about containing USSR than beating Japan
Gar Alperovitz
Said the bomb was dropped more as a warning to Soviets than to defeat the Japanese
Gar Alperovitz
American blockade and bombing campaign were already bringing Japanese to seek surrender
Gal Alperovitz
FDR/Churchill summarized their a-bomb feelings: must be kept a secret and used in postwar negotiations
Hyde Park Memo
sec. of state; favored diplomatic end to war rather than continued military action
Joseph Grew
his committee concluded that a surprise attack on Japan would ruin US reputation w/ other nations
James Franck
Uses an ___, ____, and ____ models to consider the decision to drop the bomb
actor, organizational, and bureaucratic models
After reading _____ letter, FDR formed the _____.
Einstein letter; Uranium Committee
The Uranium Committee was replaced by the Project S-1, after ____ and ____ (working for the British) estimated that the Germans were 2 years ahead of the Allies in research efforts.
Frissh and Peirels
US learned that____ had given up on building a bomb by 1944; knew peace would come to Europe before the bomb was finished.
Germans
Progression of Events:
1) physcitsts discovered potential of nuclear fission; warned FDR
2)FDR ordered a speed-up in research
3)scientific breakthroughs lead to greater certaininty of eventful success; bomb research given top priority by president
"Rational Actor Model"
paid his way to US from Italy to warn about possibilities of nuclear fission research; military ignored him
Enrico Fermi
Economic adviser to FDR; delivered letter from Einstein and Szilard
Alexander Sachs
orgiinal head of Uranium Committee; probably delyaed researach by at least a year due to his stubborness
Lyman Briggs
German scientists; determined Uranium-235 and Plutonium could fuel a fission reaction
Otto Fisch& Rudolph Peierls
Argued that after FDR's death, Truman was more worried about containing USSR than beating Japan
Gar Alperovitz
Said the bomb was dropped more as a warning to Soviets than to defeat the Japanese
Gar Alperovitz
American blockade and bombing campaign were already bringing Japanese to seek surrender
Gal Alperovitz
FDR/Churchill summarized their a-bomb feelings: must be kept a secret and used in postwar negotiations
Hyde Park Memo
sec. of state; favored diplomatic end to war rather than continued military action
Joseph Grew
his committee concluded that a surprise attack on Japan would ruin US reputation w/ other nations
James Franck
Uses an ___, ____, and ____ models to consider the decision to drop the bomb
actor, organizational, and bureaucratic models
After reading _____ letter, FDR formed the _____.
Einstein letter; Uranium Committee
The Uranium Committee was replaced by the Project S-1, after ____ and ____ (working for the British) estimated that the Germans were 2 years ahead of the Allies in research efforts.
Frissh and Peirels
US learned that____ had given up on building a bomb by 1944; knew peace would come to Europe before the bomb was finished.
Germans
Progression of Events:
1) physcitsts discovered potential of nuclear fission; warned FDR
2)FDR ordered a speed-up in research
3)scientific breakthroughs lead to greater certaininty of eventful success; bomb research given top priority by president
4) race w/ Germany, later Japanese resistance, led to doubled efforts for success
"Rational Actor Model"
Argued that against an advanced warning in the form of a demonstration b/c:
1) it wouldn't have the same impact as would an attack on a real target
2) it might be a dud
3) it could give Japan time to move POWs into target cities
Oppenheimer
______ bomb may not have been droped if the officer who gave the order had been concerned w/ international politics and not merely w/ the concerns of a bomb commander; decion to bomb ___ had been handed down the bureacratic chain of command
Nagasaki bomb; Nagasaki bomb
Left the homestead to join the work force during the war; was no longer a heroine after the war?>
Rosie the Riveter
journalist; distraught over the fact that after the war, women were expected to play housewife roles and often felt guilty if their career somehow detracted from their husband being the family's primary provider
Betty Friednan
Worte article in Redbook about women being submissive but was turned down by male editors; wrote Feminine Mysteique, cofounded NOW in ____?
Betty Friednan; 1965
Only ____ % increase in female employment from 1920-30, another ___% from 30 to 40, and a ____% increase from 40-45.
1%; 1%; 11%
In spite of women's employment during war, after war, surveys showed most felt woman's primary duty was ????
Raising children
Large spike in US birthrate when soldiers got home from war; ______forced many women to leave ______?
rising birth rate; the workplace
Television of the 50s portrayed women as?
Homemakers, secondary to the man of the house
-TV doesn't _____ 'real life', obviously.
-Ricky Ricardo, Lucille Ball tries to break out of domesticity into showbusiness?
-Reflect
-I Love Lucy
Ralph Kramden; Ed Norton(neighbor); deviates from 50s stereotype more than most shows of the era
The Honeymooners
Young reporters from Washington Post sent to hotel morning after Watergate break in
Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein
white house consultant; his name was found in an address book found on one of the burglars
Howard Hung
Presidential press secreatary; claimed POST was trying to blow it outo f proportion to discredit the administration
Ronald Ziegler
Committee to Reelect the President
CREEP
finance chairman of CREEPS; former Sec of Treasury; laundered money for campaign funds
Maurice Stans
chief of staff; claimed that Nixon himself ordered the coverup
John Dean
special prosecutor on the case; was fired by Nixon causing the "Satruday Night Massacre"
Archibald Cox
resigned in protest to Cox being fired by Nixon
Attorney Gerneral Richardson
Woodward's high-up white house admin secret contact that he met late at night to get info on the scandal
Deep Throat
Who was probably Deep Throat?
J Fred Buzhardt
-Secretary of State
-presidential speech writer
-Kissinger
- Buchanan
books published by Woodward/Bernstein on the scandal
All the Presidents Men/ Final Days
All the burglars were found ___? Judge was not satisfied bc they hadn't really explained what/why they had done it.
guilty
One of the burglars who wrote a letter to the judge saying they had been under political pressure to plead guilty; names in his letter led to further investigations and more people coming forward to admit involvement
McCord
After _____ testimony, ______ told the judge the whitehouse had a taping system that recorded all presidential conversations; tapes were finally obtained but here was a 18.5 minute gap in one of them.
John Dean's testimony; Alexander Butter
Transcripts of tapes revealed ____ telling ____ he could get $1M to buy the silence of the burlars if necessary.
Nixon; Dean
Nixon was _____ and resigned; ______ became president and said, "The national nightmare is over."
impeached; Gerald Ford
Leading Charlie Company assault on Vietcong 48th Battalion in Vietnam Village of Son My
Lt. Col. Frank Barker
helicopter gunner; witnessed destructon of Son My and wrote a letter to COngress about what happened which lead to an army inquiry
Ronald Ridenhour