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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is samsara?
Samsara is the the wheel of life, death, and rebirth, which can only end when one reaches moksha.
What is moksha?
Moksha is liberation from samsara and freedom from karma.
What is karma and its relationship to rebirth?
Karma exists is a result of all action, good or bad, and is what keeps a person from reaching moksha.
What is bhakti?
Bhakti is complete devotion to another, as in a devotee to a deity. The earliest reference is found in the Ramayana. (4th century)
What is yoga?
Yoga refers to the technologies or disciplines of asceticismand meditation which are thought to lead to spiritual experience and profound understanding or insight into the nature of existence. The means whereby the mind and senses are restrained, the limited ego transcended, and the self's true identity experienced. Siva is the deity most closely related with yoga.
What is sruti?
Sruti is defined as sacred literature that is heard, such as the Vedic corpus.
What is smrti?
Smrti is defined as literature that is remembered, and has human authorship.
What is dharma?
As revealed by the Veda, dharma refers to truth, duty, ethics, law, and natural law. Specifically refers to the duty of high-caste Hindus w/regard to social position, one's caste (varna), and the stage of life one is at.
What is the Veda?
The Veda is a large body of literature written in Sanskrit, which is the holy language of Hinduism. It is revered as revelation (sruti) and as the source of dharma. Veda means "knowledge". Contains rules of conduct and stories about ppl and gods. Not universally accepted among Hindus.
What is Harappa (Indus Valley Civilization)?
Urban civilization centered on a river and located in the basin of the Indus which flows through present-day Pakistan. Devpd c. 2500 BCE. Harappa was one of the most important cities, and inhabitants enjoyed a high standard of living. Sophisticated H2O technologies, drainage systems, rubbish chutes.
What is a linga?
A linga represents a phallus within a vulva, symbolic of the union of Siva with dynamic energy or sakti.
What is the Rig Veda?
The Rig Veda is a collection in 10 books of 1028 hymns to various deities, composed in vedic Sanskrit from as early as 1200 BCE over a period of several hundred years. Each of the 10 books were composed by sages of different families.
What is the Brhadaranyaka Upanishad?
One of the earliest, if not the earliest, of the Upanisads. Means "Great Forest". It is written in prose, as opposed to the later Upanisads, which are written in verse.
What is soma?
Soma is a plant used for ritual sacrifice. The juice derived from the soma plant was used to drink and induce hallucinations. or visions.
What are the four classes (varna)?
Vedic society was divided into four classes: the Brahmans, Nobles or Warriors (ksatriya), Commoners (vaisya), and the Serfs (sudra). The top two classes were called the twice-born, and they were the only ones allowed to hear the Veda