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282 Cards in this Set

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abate
subside or moderate.
Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to abate.
abeyance
suspended action.
The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival.
abscond
depart secretly and hide.
The staff member absconded with all the money.
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate.
concerned whether her vegetarian son's abstemious diet provided him with sufficient protein...
admonish
warn; reprove.
He admonished his listeners to change their wicked ways.
adulterate
make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances.
It is a crime to adulterate foods without informing the buyer.
aggregate
gather; accumulate.
the dealers aggregated great wealth in a short period of time.
alacrity
cheerful promptness; eagerness.
They were raring to get off to the mountains and packed thier ski gear with alacrity.
amalgamate
combine; unit in one body.
The unions attempted to amalgamate thier groups into one national body.
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes.
Torn between loving her one minite and hating her the next, he was confused by the ambivalence of his feelings.
ameliorate
improve.
many social workers attempted to ameliorate the conditions of people living in the slums.
anachronism
something or someone misplaced in time.
Shakespear's reference to clocks in Julius Caesar is an anachronism.
anomalous
abnormal; irregular.
We're getting anomalous readings on the heart monitor.
antipathy
aversion; dislike.
his antipathy for disputes keeps him from getting into arguments with his temperamental wife.
apathy
lack of caring; indifference.
she could not understand that apathy of people who never bothered to vote.
appease
pacify or soothe; relieve.
appease the crying baby.
apprise
inform.
Whe she was apprised of the dangerous weather conditions, she decided to postpone her trip.
approbation
approval.
wanting her parents' regard, she looked for some sign of their approbation.
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use.
The ranch owners appropriated the lands that had originally been set aside for the Indians' use.
arduous
hard; strenuous.
Her arduous efforts had sapped her energy.
artless
without guile; open and honest.
Red Reding Hood's artless comment, "Grandma, what big eyes you have!" indicates the child's innocent surprise at her "grandmother's" changed appearance.
ascetic
practicing self-denial; austere.
The wealthy, self-indulgent young man felt oddly drawn to the strict, ascetic life led by members of some monastic orders.
assiduous
diligent.
It took Rembrandt weeks of assiduous labor before he was satisfied with his portrait of his son.
assuage
ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger).
he tried to assuage his heartache by indulging in icecream.
attenuate
make thin; weaken.
By withdrawing their forces, the generals hoped to attenuate the enemy lines.
audacious
daring; bold.
an audacious death-defying leap
austere
forbiddingly stern; severely simple and unornamented.
The headmaster's austere demeanor tended to scare off the more timid students, who never visited his study willingly.
autonomous
self-governing.
Although the Univeristy of California at Berkeley is just one part of the stat university system, in many ways Cal Berkeley is autonomous.
aver
state confidently.
I wish to aver that I am certain of success.
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality.
The writer's worn-out cliches made his comic sketch seem banal.
belie
contradict; give a flase impression.
His coarse, hard-bitten exterior belied his innate sensitivity.
beneficent
kindly; doing good.
The overgenerous philanthropist had to curb his beneficent impulses before he gave away all his money and left himself with nothing.
bolster
support; reinforce.
The debaters ammassed file boxes full of evidence to bolster their arguments.
bombastic
pompous; using inflated language.
Puffed up with conceit, the orator spoke in such a bombastic manner that we longed to deflate him.
boorish
rude; insensitive.
Although he constantly interupted his wife, she ignored his boorish behavior.
burgeon
grow forth; send out buds.
In the spring, the plants that burgeon are a promise of the beauty that is to come.
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish.
The maid burnished the brass fixtures unil they reflected the lamplight.
buttress
support; prop up.
Just as architects buttress the walls of cathedrals with flying buttresses, debaters buttress their arguments with facts.
cacophonous
discordant; inharmoniuos.
Do the students in the orchestra enjoy the cacophonous sounds they make when they're tuning up? I don't know how they can stand the cacophony.
capricious
unpredictable; fickle.
Angelique was capricious: she changed boyfriends almost as often as she changed clothes.
castigation
punishment; severe criticism.
Sensitive even to mild criticism. he could not bear the castigation that he found in certain reviews.
caustic
burning; sarcastically biting.
The critic's caustic remarks angered the hapless actors who were subjects of his sarcasm.
chicanery
trickery; deception.
Those sneaky lawyers misrepresented what occurred ad depended on chicanery to win the case.
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition.
The piece concluded with a distinctive coda that strikingly brought together various motifs.
cogent
convincing.
... cogent reasons
commensurate
equal in extent.
Your reward will commensurate your effort.
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary.
the text can serve as a compendium of the tremendous amount of new material being developed in this field.
complaisant
trying to please; obliging.
obey orders in a complaisant manner.
compliant
yielding; cconforming to requirements.
Because he usually have in and went along with whatever his friends desired, his mother worried that he might be too compliant.
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing.
She was still angry despite his conciliatory words.
condone
overlook; forgive; hive tacit approval; excuse.
Unlike his grandmother, who condoned his minor offenses, his mother did nothing but scold.
confound
confuse; puzzle.
No mystery could confound Sherlock Holmes for too long.
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc; a lover of an art.
She had developed int a connoisseur of fine china.
contention
claim; thesis.
It is our contention that, if you follow our tactics, you will boost your score on the GRE.
contentious
quarrelsome.
the coach became so contentious that the referees threw him out of the game.
contrite
penitent.
Her contrite tears did not influence the judge when he imposed the sentence.
craven
cowardly.
Her craven refusal to join the protest was criticized by her comrades.
daunt
intimidate; frighten.
Boast all you like of your prowess. Mere words cannot daunt me.
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good tast in manners.
Even the best mannered students have trouble behaving with decorum on the last day of school.
default
failure to act.
They lost the game by default when they failed to show up for the game.
... he had defaulted on his debt (not payed it)
deference
courteous regard for another's wish.
In deference to the minister's request, please do not take photographs during the wedding service.
delineate
portray; depict; sketch.
Ising only a few dexcriptive phrases, he delineates her character so well.
deliniate
portray; depict; sketch.
Using only a few descriptive phrases, Austen delineates the character so welll that we can predict his every move.
denigrate
blacken.
All attempts to denigrate the character of our late president have failed; the people still love him and cherish his memory.
deride
ridicule; make fun of.
The critics derided his pretentious dialogue and refused to consider his play seriously.
derivative
unoriginal; obtained from another source.
Although her early poetry was clearly derivative in nature, the critics thought she had promise and eventually would find her own voice.
desiccate
dry up
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random.
... reading straight through the dictionary, his reading was purposeful, not desultory
deterrent
something that discourages
diatribe
bitter scolding; invective.
During the lengthy diatribe delivered by his opponent he remained calm
diffidence
shyness.
You must overcome your diffidence if you intend to become a salesperson
digression
wandering away from the subject
dirge
lament with music
The funeral dirge stirred us to tears
disabuse
correct a false impression; undeceive.
I will attempt to disabuse you of your impression of my client's guilt - I know he is innocent.
discerning
mentally quick and observant.
the discerning buyer.
discordant
not harmonious; conflicting.
discrepancy
lack of consistency; difference.
the police noticed some discrepancies of his description of the crime.
disingenuous
not naive; sophisticated
Although he was young, his remarks indicated that he was disingenuous
disinterested
unprejudiced.
Fiven the judge's political ambitions and the lawyer's financial interest in the case, the only disinterested person in the courtroom may have been the court reporter.
disparage
belittle.
The mother was more likely to praise her child's attempts than to disparage them.
disparate
basically different; unrelated.
They have disparate ideas about marriage.
dissemble
disguise; pretend.
Even though he tried to dissemble he motive for taking modern dance, we all knew it was to meet women
disseminate
distribute; spread; scatter.
disseminate their doctrines through the internet
dissolution
disintegration; looseness in morals
The profligacy and dissolution of life in Caligula's Rome appall some historians.
dissonance
discord; opposite of harmony.
distend
expand; swell out.
I can tell he is under stress by the way his veins distend on his forehead
distill
purify; refine; concentrate.

To separate or extract the essential elements of: distill the crucial points of the book.
divest
strip; deprive.
He was divested of his power to act and could no longer govern
dogmatic
opinionated; arbitary; doctrinal.
We tried to discourage him from being so dogmatic, but never could convince him that his opinions might be wrong.
dormant
sleeping; lethargic; latent
dupe
someone easily fooled.
While the gullible Watson often was made a dupe by unscrupulous parties, Sherlock Holmes was far more difficult to fool.
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm.
Amy's ebullient nature could not be repressed; she was always bubbling over with excitement
eclectic
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources.
efficacy
power to produce the desired effect.
The efficacy of this drug depends on the regularity of the dosage.
effrontery
shameless boldness.
She had the effrontery to insult the guest.
elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation.
He composed the elegy after the death of his friend
elicit
draw out by discussion
The detectives tried to elicit where he had hidden his loot.
elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation.
He composed the elegy after the death of his friend
elicit
draw out by discussion
The detectives tried to elicit where he had hidden his loot.
embellish
adorn; ornament; enhance.
embellish the ball gown with lace
empirical
based on experience, observation or experiments.
empirical data
emulate
imitate; rival.
Someone whose virtues you would like to emulate
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country.
The disease is endemic in Africa.
enervate
weaken.
after her illness, a short walk enervated her.
engender
cause; produce.
Receiving praise for accomplishments engenders self-confidence in a child.
ephemeral
short-lived; fleeting.
The mayfly is an ephemeral creature: its adult life last little more than a day.
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure.
the new problem did not disturb her equanimity
equivocate
lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth.
The judge saw through his attempts to equivocate
erudite
learned; scholarly.
Though his fellow students thought him erudite, he knew he would have to spend many years in serious study before he could consider himself a scholar.
esoteric
hard to understand. known only to the chosen few.
... esoteric allusions to obscure people and events.
eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death.
Instead of delivering a spoken eulogy at the memorial service, he sang a song written in her honor.
exacerbate
worsen; embitter.
The bombing exacerbated Bush's bitterness against terrorists
exculpate
clear from blame.
She was exculpated of the crime when the reral criminal confessed.
exigency
urgent situation.
In this exigency, we must look for aid from our allies.
extrapolation
projection; conjecture.
facetious
joking (often inappropriately). humorous.
fallacious
false, misleading.
fallacious reasoning yields erroneous results
fatuous
foolish; inane.
She is far too intelligent to utter such fatuous remarks.
vacuous, mindless.
fawning
courting favor by flattering.
She was constantly surrounded by a group of fawning admirers
felicitous
apt; suitably expressed. well chosen.
He was famous for his felicitous remarks and was called upon to serve as master-of-ceremonies at many a banquet.
fervor
growing ardor; intensity of feeling.
At the protest rally, the students cheered the strikers and booed the dean with equal fervor
flag
droop; grow feeble.
the teams spirits flagged when the other team scored a goal
fledgling
inexperienced.
While it is necessary to provide these fledgling poets with an opportunity to present their work, it is not essential that we admire everything that they write.
flout
reject; mock.
The headstrong youth flouted all authority.
foment
stir up; insitgate.
spread rumors and fomented trouble.
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance.
By setting up a prenuptial agreement, the prospective bride and groom hoped to gorestall any potential arguments about money in the event of a divorce
frugality
thrift; economy.
In these economically difficult days businesses must practice frugality or risk bankuptcy.
gainsay
deny.
She was too honest to gainsay the truth
garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative.
goad
urge on
She was goaded by her friends until she yielded to their wishes.
gouge
overcharge.
ticket sellers tried to gouge the public.
also: tear out. gouge each other's eyes out.
grandiloquent
pompous; bombastic.
using high sounding language.
The politician could never speak simply; she was always grandiloquent.
gregarious
sociable.
party throwers are gregarious.
guileless
without deceit.
He is naive, simple and guileless.
harangue
long, passionate and vehement speech.
In her lengthy harangue, the principal berated the offenders.
iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions.
Deeply iconoclastic, he deliberately set out to shock conventional theatergoers with his radical play.
idolatry
worship of idols; excessive admiration;
such idolatry of singers is typical of the excessive enthusiasm of youth
immutable
unchangeable.
All things change over time; nothing is immutable.
imperturbable
calm; placid;
he remained imperturbable despite the hysteria and panic around him
impervious
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed.

...impervious to ordinary wear and tear.
implacable
incapable of being pacified.
implicit
understood but not stated.
his love was implicit in his deeds.
implode
burst inward
inadvertently
unintentionally;
inchoate
recently begun. rudimentary.
incongruity
lack of harmony; absurdity
inconsequential
insignificant; unimportant.
don't worry about your mistake - its inconsequential.
indigence
poverty
eliminate indigence from our society
indolent
lazy.
couch potatoes lead an indolent life.
ingenuous
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated.
the little girls was ingenuous and accepted candy from the stranger
innocuous
harmless.
As occasional glass of wine is innocuous.
insensible
unconscious; unresponsive.
at times when I would be embarrassed, she seems insensible to shame
insinuate
hint; imply; creep in.
did you mean to insinuate that I am fat?
insipid
lacking in flavor; dull.
English food is insipid.
insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation.
The insularity of the islanders manifested itself in their suspicion of anything foreign.
intractable
unruly; stubborn; unyielding.
The boy was intractable: he absolutely refused to take a bath.
intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness.
The negotiating team had not expected such intransigence from the striking workers.
inundate
overwhelm; flood; submerge.

inundated with work
inured
accustomed; hardened.
She became inured to the cold weather.
invective
abuse.
He had expected criticism but not the invective the greeted his proposal.
irascible
irritable; easily angered.
her irascible temper intimidated the young girls.
irresolute
uncertain of how to act; weak.
Once you have made a decision, don't waiver; a leader should never appear irresolute.
itinerary
plan of a trip
laconic
brief and to the point.
He is a laconic type - a strong man with few words.
lassitude
languour; weariness.
I surrended to my growing lassitude and lay down for a nap
latent
potential but underdeveloped; dormant; hidden.
laud
praise.
They lauded his efforts to raise money to combat cystic fibrosis
levee
earther or stone embankment to prevent flooding.
As the river rose and threatened to overflow the levee, emergency workers rushed to reinforce the walls.
levity
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity;
Stop giggling - such levity is improper in chuch.
log
record of a voyage or flight.
loquacious
talkative
...see how loquacious she can be - our phone bills are unbelievable
lucid
easily understood, clear, intelligible.
...lucid enough for a child to grasp
luminous
shining, issuing light.
The sun is a luminous body
magnanimity
generosity.
noted for his magnanimity, he dontated millions to charity.
malingerer
one who feigns ilness to escape duty.
The captain ordered the sergeant to punish all malingerers and force them to work
malleable
capable of being shaped by pounding.
maverick
rebel; nonconformist.
mendacious
lying; habitually dishonest.
...assumed he was mendacious and refused to believe a word he said.
meticulous
excessively careful, painstaking, scrupulous.
...a meticulous housekeeper, fussing about each and every detail.
misanthrope
one who hates mankind.
mitigate
appease, moderate.
nothing he did could mitigate her anger.
mollify
soothe.
...the airling customer service representative tried to mollify the angry passenger by offering her a seat in first class.
morose
ill-humored. sullen, melancholy.
after his divorce he acted morose for months.
mundane
wordly as opposed to spiritualö everyday.
negate
cancel out, nullify, deny.
a sudden surge of addrenaline can negate the efects of fatigue.
neophyte
recent convert, beginner.
this climb will challenge experts as well as neophytes
obdurate
stubborn
He was obdurate in his refusal to listen to our complaints.
obsequious
slavishly attentive, servile, sycophantic.
...His obsequious attendance soon wore on my nerves.
Definition: groveling, submissive
Antonyms: arrogant, assertive, brazen, confident, domineering, presumptuous
Obsequious comes from Latin obsequiosus, from obsequium, "compliance," from obsequi, "to comply with," from ob-, "toward" + sequi, "to follow."
obviate
make unnecessary, get rid of.
...obviate the need
occlude
shut, close.
A blood clot occluded an artery to the heart.
officious
meddlesome, excessively pushy in offering one's services.
...the officious bellboy was intent on showing her all the special features of her hotel room.
onerous
burdensome.
She asked for an assistant because her workload was too onerous.
opprobrium
vilification, a cause of shame or disgrace.
He refused to defend himself against the slander and opprobrium hurled against him by the newspapers - he prefered to rely on his record.
blame, castigation, censure, curse, defamation, derision, insults, invective, reproach, revilement, scolding, slander, swearing, tirade, upbraiding, vilification, vituperation
ostentatious
showy, pretentious.
...the ostentatious gambling palace
paragon
model of perfection.
she was pointed out as a paragon of virtue
partisan
one-sided, prejudiced. committed to a party.
Rather than joining forces to solve our nation's problems, the Democrats and Rebublicans spend their time on partisan struggles.
pathological
pertaining to disease
paucity
scarcity.
the paucity of customers made the restaurant uneconomical to operate.
pedantic
showing off learning, bookish.
...a pedantic attention to details.
penchant
strong inclination, liking.
he had a penchant for taking risks
penury
severe poverty, stinginess.
he became such a penny-pincher that he turned into a closefisted, penurious miser.
perennial
something long lasing.
These plants are hardy perennials and will bloom for many years.
perfidious
treacherous, disloyal.
When Ceasar realiyed that Brutus had betrayed him, he reproached his perfidious friend.
perfunctory
superficial, not thorough, lacking interest, care or enthusiasm.
The auditor's perfunctory inspection of the books overlooked many errors.
pervasive
spread throughout.
she could not rid her clothes of the pervasive odor of mothballs.
phlegmatic
calm, not easily disturbed.
The nurse was a cheerful but phlegmatic person, unexcited in the face of sudden emergencies.
piety
devoutness, reverence for God.
Mother Teresa exemplified the true spirit of piety.
placate
pacify, conciliate.
...to placate the angry customer.
platitude
trite remark, commonplace statement.
plethora
excess, overabundance.
she offered a plethora of excuses for her shortcomings.
plummet
fall sharply.
stock prices plummeted
preamble
introductory statement.
...in the preamble to the Constitution, the purpost of the document is set forth.
precarious
uncertain, risky.
...a precarious investment.
precipitate
rash, premature, hasty, sudden.
Though I was angry enough to resign on the spot, I had enough sense to keep myself from quitting a job in such a precipitate fashion.
presumptuous
arrogant, taking liberties.
It seems presumptuous for one so relatively new to the field to challenge the conclusions of its leading experts.
prevaricate
lie.
some people believe that to prevaricate in a good cause is justifiable and regard the statement as a "white lie".
probity
uprightness, incorruptibility.
Everyone took his probity for grantedö his defalcations, therefore, shocked us all.
prodigal
wasteful, reckless with money.
propensity
natural inclination.
Many people have a propensity for eating too much chocolate.
propitiate
appease.
The natives offered sacrifices to propitiate the gods.
propriety
fitness, correct conduct.
...behave with propriety in any social situation.
proscribe
ostracize, banish, outlaw.
pungent
stinging, shard in taste or smell. caustic.
the pungent odor of cheese
qualified
limited, restricted
quibble
minor objection or complaint
quiescent
at rest, dormant, temporarily inactive.
...quiescent volcano
rarefied
made less dense (of a gas)
...the rarefied atmosphere at a high altitude
recalcitrant
obstinately stubborn, determined to resist aurthority, unruly.
Is a pig or a mule more recalcitrant?
recant
disclaim or disavow, retract a pervious statement, openly confess error.
...make Joan of Arc recant her sworn testimony
recluse
hermit, loner
recondite
abstruse, profound, secret.
he read many recondite books to obtain the material for his thesis
refractory
stubborn, unmanageable
relegate
banish to an inferior position
reproach
express disapproval or disappointment
reprobate
person hardened in sin
repudiate
disown, disavow
rescind
cancel.
...rescind the unpopular tax laws
resolution
determination
resolve
determination, firmness of purpose.
...my resolve to take up sky-diving
reticent
reserved, uncommunicative, inclined to silence.
Hughes preferred reticent employess to loquacious ones
reverent
respectful, worshipful
...feel reverent at church
sage
person celebrated for wisdom.
...the legendary sage
salubrious
healthful.
people with hay fever should move to more salubrious sections of the country during the months of August and September
sanction
approve, ratify.
Nothing will convince me to sanction the engagement of my daughter
satiate
satisty fully.
...stuffed themselves until they were satiated.
savor
enjoy, have a distinctive flavor, smell or quality.
...he savored the chargrin of his critics
secrete
hide away or cache.
the rate secretes odds and ends in its nest
shard
fragement
skeptic
doubter
solicitious
worried, concerned.
...the employer was solicitious about the health of his employees
soporific
sleep-causing. marked by sleepiness.
the lecures were so soporific that Oliver fell asleep
specious
seemingly reasonable but incorrect, misleading (often intentionally)
...specious reasoning
sporadic
occurring irregularly.
sporadic outbursts of laughter
stigma
token of disgrace, brand.
I do not attach stigma to the fact that you were accused of the crime.
stint
be thrifty, set limits.
refusing to stint of the wedding plans.
stipulate
make express conditions, specify.
stolid
dull, impassive.
...the event shattered his usual stolid demeanor
strut
pompus walk OR supporting bar
subpoena
writ summoning a witness to appear.
... a subpoena on the reluctant witness
subside
settle down, descend.
substantiate
establish be evidence, verify
supersede
cause to be set aside, replace, make obsolete.
TV superseded the radio
supposition
hypothesis, surmise.
I based my decision on the supposition that...
tacit
understood but not put in words
tangential
perhiperal, only slightly connected
tenuous
thin, rare, slim.
...the allegiance of our allies is held by rather tenuous ties.
triade
extended scolding, denunciation, harangue.
... he goes into a lenghty triad, scolding us about everything...
torpor
lethargy
tortuous
winding, full of curves.
...a tortuous road
tractable
docile, easily managed
transgression
violation of a law, sin.
forgive us out transgressions...
truculence
aggressiveness, ferocity.
...their caustic attacks and tone of truculence.
vacillate
waver, fluctuate.
venerate
revere. To regard with great awe and devotion
...venerate the leader.
veracious
truthful.
...he is veracious and reliable.
verbose
wordy
vituperative
marked by harshly abusive criticism

abusive, scolding. contumelious, invective, opprobrious, scurrilous
warranted
justified, authorized.
...is this action warranted?
wary
very cautious.
the spies grew wary as they approached the sentry
welter
turmoil, bewildering jumble.
The welter of overlapping federal and state proclaims cries out for immediate reform.
whimsical
capricious, fanciful.
zealot
fanatic, person who shows excessive zeal.
Though he was devout, he was not zealot - he would never force his religious beliefs on his friends.