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12 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Tyrannos
a ruler during the Archaic period who rose to power by being a champion of the people, maintains power by force; exercises personal dictatorship over a polis
Cypselus of Corinth
typrant, liberator from oppressive nobility elected to a small role in government, used that power, well liked, mild, ruled for 30 years, continued colonization
Periander of Corinth
tyrant, son of cypselus, more war like than his father, supported the arts, proivded jobs, continued colonization, forbid assembling
symposium
small gathering, formal drinking parties where lyrical poets perform music, poetry and dancing, and sexual favors
Archilochos
born into a prominent family, said to be the originator of iambic verse, becomes a genre, liked to attack peoples character, its a rhythm and style
Semonides
we have one of his whole poems, mediocre, not nice, poem about wives, women as a curse, wrote to get a reaction
Alcaeus
from Lesbos, aristocrat, his brothers were involved in overthrow of gov., tyrant came t power, his brothers and him were exiled repeatedly
Theognis
talks to a young man in his poem as a teacher/lover, passing on values; agathoi (aristocratic) as good vs. kakoi (lower class) as bad; resents tyrants taking power from aristocrats
Sappho
woman, sole female author with surviving works, 1st person, addressing other women in errotically charged tone, from Lesbos, had relations with women
Spartiates
full citizen of the polis of sparta, completed military training, ~9000
perioikoi
free people dwelling around Sparta, farmers and merchants, not full citizens
helots
conquered people, serfs, enemies of the state, property of the state