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20 Cards in this Set

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St. Antony
St. Antony of Alexandria- 271. Founded monasticism, heard words of Jesus, went to desert; gave away all earthly possessions. Lived purely in prayer, others followed- call Anchorites.
Pachomius
4th century. Organized monasticism. Took Roman Legionnaire manual and adapted it to Monks.
Philo Judaeus
1st half of 1st century. Allegorical interpretation of words of prophets
St. Martin
St. Martin of Tours (Mid 4th century). Founded monastery of Marmoutier. Instituted preaching campaign against paganism. Brought Christianity to western and central Europe. Many miracles associated with St. Martin.
Procopius
(5th cent) secretary to Belisarius (justinian’s general). Wrote history (in volumes) saved up all negative stories about justinian and theodora and put in “Anecdota”- published 5-6 years prior to Justinian’s death.
Plotinus
204- 270- great teacher, influenced many people, bad eyesight. Believed that God is so high, so absolute that he cannot be matter, soul, mind or reason. Ecstasy is only way to know God, to feel him.
Civitas Dei (“City of God”)
written by Augustus, composed of 22 books, answer to the Pagans charges. Dramatically alters intellectual concept and emphasized that the City of God is a perfect circle with no beginning and no end, it is eternal, composed of pure ideas and absolute reason (logos)
Vulgate
Jerome’s translation of the bible into Latin. Universally accepted. Common text.
Adrianople
Battle at Adrianople, July 3, 323. Licinus defeated by Constantine’s son and surrendered in September.
alimentary payments
2nd century under Marcus. Food payments to roman families to raise children. Per month, amount varied depending on whether or not in or out of wedlock and gender. Showed: pro marriage, gender bias, government concerned about children.
Donatists
North Africa. Sacraments expelled lapsing Christians. Church burnings/ killings. immoral clergymen could not baptize babies, marry couples, deliver mass. Eliminate priesthood altogether, just congregations.
Council of Nicea
325- Called by Constantine when he found out Christians were killing each other. Council called in order to decide on one belief.
Manicheans
co-eternal principals: one for good associated with light; another for evil (darkness)
Nestorians
did mary give birth to jesus or is she pure? Believed humans had to exercise capacity of reason in order to be saved. Cant believe something your reason tells you not to.
Arius
priest of the church of Alexandria. Arianism. Defined the position of the son in the Christian trinity in such a way as to deny his essential divinity. Created a stir in the church. ~324
Stilicho
Vandal general, fell out of favor of imperial court and was executed by order of Honorius in 408.
Athanasius
Athanasisus of Alexandria, glorified St. Antony- 4th century- Golden age of Anchorites. Conservative deacon, believed in holy trinity
Corpus juris civilis
520- Body of Civil Law (created by Justinian)
-code: actual law
-digest: leading thinkers comments on laws
-institutes: textbooks to teach laws
-novels- new laws
Theodosius I
eastern roman emperor (379- 395) forbade by law practice of the old cult. Restored order against visigoths
Pope Leo I
440- 461. bargained with leaders of huns and vandals. Believed authority of papacy didn’t depend on any individual pope’s personal qualities.