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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-algia

Example: arthralgia - ...in a joint
otalagia - ...in the ear
neuralgia - ...in the nerve
myalgia - ...muscle pain
pain
-cele

Example: rectocele
cystocele
from childbirth
hernia -

Protrusion of the rectum and posterior wall of the vagina into the vagina

Protrusion of the bladder and anterior wall of the vagina into the vagina
-centesis

Example: thoracentesis
amniocentesis
abdominocentesis(paracentesis)
surgical puncture
-coccus

Example: streptococcus
staphylococcus
berry-shaped bacteria

Streptococcus-twisted chains
Staphylococcus-arranged in clusters
-cyte

Example: erythrocyte
leukocyte
thrombocyte
cell

erythrocyte RBC
leukocyte WBC
thrombocyte platelet
-dynia

Example: Pleurodynia
pain

Pain in the chest wall aggrevated by breathing
-ectomy

Example: laryngectomy
profolactic mastectomy
lumpectomy
appendectomy
excision
-emia

Example: anemia
ischemia
blood condition

anemia decrease in Hb below normal range

ischemia- cond. of decreased blood flow
-genesis

Example: carcinogenesis
pathogenesis
angiogenesis
condition of producing; forming

carcinogenesis-promoting cancer growth
pathogenesis-promoting disease formation
angiogenesis-promoting blood ves growth
-genic

Example: carcinogenic
osteogenic
pertaining to producing, produced by or in

osteogenic sarcoma- tumor produced by bone tissue
-gram

Example: electroencephalogram
myelogram
record
-graph

Example: electroencephalograph
instrument for recording
-graphy

Example: electroencephalography
process of recording

performing an electroencephalograph
-itis

Example: bronchitis
tonsillitis
phlebitis
inflammation
-logy

Example: opthalmology
morphology
the study of

opthalmology- branch of med...surgeon

morphology-study of size, shape of a specimen
-lysis

Example: hemolysis
breakdown, destruction, separation

breakdown of RBCs with release of hemoglobin
-pathy

Example:cardiomyopathy
disease

cardiomyopathy- primary disease of heart muscle.
-phobia

Example: acrophobia
hydrophobia
agorophobia
fear

acrophobia- fear of heights
hydrophobia- fear of water
agorophobia- fear of public places
-plasia

Example: achonroplasia
development, formation growth

achonroplasia-dwarfism characterized by defect in lengthening of bones
-plasty

Example: angioplasty
surgical repair
-megaly

Example: acromegaly
enlargement

The gradual enlargement and elongation of bones of face/jaw/extremeties caused by overproduction of growth hormone
ie. Andre the Giant!
-oma

Example: myoma
myosarcoma
multiple myeloma
hematoma
tumor, mass, collection of fluid

myoma- benign muscle tumor
myosarcoma- malignant tumor of muscle
multiple myeloma- malig. tumor bone mar
hematoma- col. blood in tissue (bl&bl)
-opsy

Example: biopsy
necropsy
to view

biopsy- removal of small piece of tissue
necropsy- post mortem examination
-osis

Example: necrosis
hydronephrosis
leukocytosis
apoptosis
condition, usually abnormal

necrosis- process of tissue death
hydronephrosis- condition fluid in
leukocytosis- abnormal increase WBCs
apoptosis- programmed cell death
-pathy

Example: cardiomyopathy
disease

cardiomyopathy-primary disease of heart muscle.
-penia

Example: erythropenia
neutropenia
thrombocytopenia
deficiency

erythropenia-decreace in neutrophils
neutropenia-decrease in platelets
thrombocytopenia- decreased platelets
-malacia

Example: osteomalacia
bone softening
-ptosis

Example: blepharoptosis
drooping or sagging; prolapse
-sclerosis

Example: arteriosclerosis
artherosclerosis
Hardening

arteriosclerosis - Hardening of the
arteries
artherosclerosis- Artery becomes clogged
with fat deposits
-scope

Example: laparoscope
pharygoscope
otoscope
hysteroscope
instrument for visualization

laparoscope- look into abdominal cavity
-scopy

Example: laparoscopy
process of visual examination

laparoscopy- procedure using laparoscope
-stasis

Example: metastasis
homeostasis
stoping, controlling

metastasis- spread of malignant tumor
beyond its original site
cancer's DNA takes over
-stomy

Example: colostomy
opening to form a mouth
-therapy

Example: hydrotherapy
chemotherapy
radiotherapy
treatment
-tomy

Example: laparotomy
phlebotomy
incision; to cut into

laparotomy insision into abdomen
phlebotomy- insision into vein
-trophy

Example: hypertrophy
atrophy
nourishment; development

hypertrophy cells increase in size
atrophy cells decrease in size
-er

Example: radiographer
one who
-ia

Example: leukemia
pneumonia
condition

leukemia-dis. of bone marrow which res.
in abnormal WBC count
pneumonia-dis. of lungs in which infec.
inflam. and infil. of lung tis
-ist

Example: Nephrologist
specialist

physician specializing in diseases of the kidney
-ole

Example: arteriole
little; small

smallest arteries in the body
-ule

Example: venule
little, small

smallest veins in the body
-um, ium

Example: pericardium
structure, tissue, thing

membrane around the heart
-y

Example: nephropathy
condition

disease of the kidney