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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
WHAT IS THE LARGEST ORGAN
INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM, MOST IMPORTANT, 16% OF TOTAL BODY WEIGHT
WHAT ARE RISK FACTORS OF SOFT TISSUE INJURIES
AGE, ALCOHOL OR DRUGS, OCCUPATION
EPIDERMIS
4-5 LAYERS, 2WKS FROM DERMAL BORDER TO SURFACE, 2-4 WKS LATER ABRADED AWAY, CONTAINS SEBUM AND PIGMENT
DERMIS
CONTAIN BLOOD VESSELSN NERVES, SEBACEOUS GLANDS(OIL), SUDORIFEROUS GLAND(SWEAT), HAIR FOLLICLES, CELLS THAT PROTECT INVADERS AND REPAIR
SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE
COMPOSED OF ADIPOSE TISSUE, CONNECTIVE TISSUE, SERVES AS INSULATOR, CUSHIONING, CALORIC RESERVE
WHAT ARE FUNCTIONS OF SKIN
PROTECT FROM PATHOGENS, ORGANS OF SENSATION, CONTAIN FLUIDS, REGULATES TEMP, INSULATES ORGANS
WHAT IS FUNCTIONS OF MUSCLE
MOVEMENT, STRENGTH, SHAPE, HEAT, PROTECT ORGANS, VESSELS, NERVES
TENSION LINES
ASSOCIATED WITH ORIENTATION OF TENSION IN THE SKIN, CUT ACROSS-PULL APART MORE BLEEDING, CUT PARALLEL-DONT GAPE MUCH, LESS BLEEDING
CRUSH SYNDROME
VASODILATION, ACIDOSIS/ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCES, MUSCLE DAMAGE, LEADS TO KIDNEY FAILURE
WHO IS AT MOST RISK WITH BURNS
VERRY OLD/VERRY YOUNG, SICK, FIREFIGHTERS, SMELTERS, CHEMICAL WORKERS
WHAT DOES DEGREE OF TISUE DISTRUCTION DEPEND ON
TEMP, CONCENTRATION, DURATION
111 F
DO NOT PRODUCE BURN UNLESS EXPOSURE EXCEEDS 6 HRS
111-124 F
RATE OF EPIDERMAL NECROSIS DOUBLES WITH EACH DEGREE RISE
185 F
IT TAKES LESS THAN 1SEC TO CAUSE TRANS EPIDERMAL NECROSIS
WHAT HELPS BODY RESIST BURN
H2O CONTENT, THICKNESS/PIGMENTATION, SKIN OILS/HAIR, PERIPHERAL CIRCULATION
EMERGENT PHASE
PAIN, RELEASE OF CATECHOLAMINES, BRIEF DECREASE OF BLOOD FLOW
FLUID SHIFT PHASE
LAST UP TO 18-24 HRS, PEAK AT 6-8 HRS, INCREASE BLOOD FLOW TO CAPILLARY, LARGE SHIFT FROM INTRAVASCULAR TO EXTRACELLULAR
HYPERMETABOLIC PHASE
MAY LAST DAYS OR WEEKS, MAY NEED UP TO 20,000 CALORIES A DAY, TISSUE REPAIR OCCURING
RESOLUTION PHASE
EQUILIBRIUM BETWEEN VASCULAR/CELLULAR SPACE REACHED, SCAR TISSUE LAYED DOWN, REHAP, NORMAL FUNCTION