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33 Cards in this Set

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HOW MANY DEATHS PER YEAR ARE CAUSED BY TRAUMA
150,000, 44,000-AUTO, 38,000-GSW
AT WHAT AGE IS TRAUMA THE LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH
44 ANG YOUNGER, 4TH LEADING CAUSE, COST210 BIL. PER YEAR
LEVEL I CENTER
USUALY A TEACHING CENTER, ALL SPECIALTIES 24/7
LEVEL II CENTER
HANDLE ALL BUT SERIOUSLY INJURED, SPECIALTY&MULTI TRAUMA STABILIZE/TRANSFER 24/7
LEVEL III CENTER
SMALLER RURAL HOSPITALS, CARE FOR MOST, STABILIZE&TRANSFER SERIOUSLY INJURED
LEVEL IV CENTER
REMOTE SMALL HOSPITAL, STABILIZE&TRANSFER MODERATE TO SERIOUS INJURIES
WHAT WAYS ARE ENERGY PRESENTED
MECHANICAL OR KENETIC, THERMAL, CHEMICAL, ELECTRICAL, RADIATING
GOLDEN HOUR
TIME WHEN INCIDENT HAPPENED TO SURGERY
HOW LONG SHOULD IT TAKE FOR IA, RTA, STABILIZE AND PACKAGE
10 MIN.
WHAT ARE SIGNIFICANT MOI
FALL >20' OR 3X HEIGHT, AUTO PED/BIKE W/AUTO OVER 5MPH, MOTORCYCLE OVER 20MPH, EJECTION, SPEED >40, INTRUSION >12", DEFORMITY >20", ROLLOVER, DEATH OF OCCUPANT, EXTRACATION >20 MIN.
WHAT ARE SIGNIFICANT MOI'S
FALL GREATER THAN 10', BICYCLE/AUTO COLLISION, MVA AT MEDIUM SPEED, UNRESTRAINED KID IN MVA
WHAT ARE PHYSICAL SIGNS OF IMMEDIATE TRANSPORT
LIMB PARALYSIS, BURN >15%BSA, AIRWAY/FACE BURN, BP <90, RR <10/>29, HR <50/>120, FLAIL CHEST, PENETRATION, 2 RO MORE LONG BONE FRACT, PELVIC FRACT, TRAUMA SCORE <11, PED TRAUMA SCORE<9, GCS <14
NEWTONS LAW
BODY IN MOTION WILL REMAIN IN MOTION, BODY AT REST WILL REMAIN AT REST, UNLESS ACTED UPON BY AN OUTSIDE FORCE
SPEED SQUARED=
IF SPEED DOUBLES-ENERGY INCREASES BY 4, IF SPEED TRIPLED-INERGY INCREASED BY 9
KINETIC ENERGY
ENERGY OF MOTION, KE=MASS(WT)XVELOCITY2~2
FRONTAL COLLISION
32% OF TIME, UP AND OVER CAUSES 1/2 OF DEATHS,
T-BONE
15% OF TIME, 15% OF ACCIDENTS, 22% OF FATALITIES
ROTATIONAL COLLISION
38% OF TIME
REAR-END
9% OF TIME
ROLLOVER
6% OF TIME, 27% OF DEATHS, 25X MORE LIKELY TO DIE
EJECTION
27% OF VEHICULAR FATALITIES, 25X MORE LIKELY TO DIE,
HOW MANY FATAL ACCIDENTS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH INTOXICATION
50%
MV FATALITIES DUE TO:
HEAD-47.7%, INTERNAL-37.3%, SPINAL-8.3%, EXTREMITIES-2%, OTHER4.7%
WHAT % OF PEOPLE DIE FROM HEAD INJURY IN MOTORCYCLE ACCIDENTS
75%, HELMETS PROTECT HEAD 50-66%
WHAT FRACTION OF FARM ACCIDENTS INVOLVE TRACTORS
1/3
WHAT ARE MECHANISMS ASSOCIATED WITH A BLAST
PRESSURE WAVE, BLAST WIND, PROJECTILES, PERSONAL DISPLACEMENT, CONFINED SPACES/COLLAPSE, BURNES
WHAT FACTORS EFFECT PROJECTILE TRAVEL
DRAG, CAVETATION, PROFILE, STABILITY, EXPANSION, SHAPE
HOW DO MALES STRIKE WITH A KNIFE
FORWARD, OUTWARD, CROSSWISE
HOW DO FEMALES STRIKE WITH A KNIFE
OVERHAND, DOWNWARD
EXTREMITIES CONTAIN WHAT % OF INJURIES
60-80%, CAUSES 10% OF FATALITIES
WOUNDS BELOW THE 4TH INTERCOSTAL SPACE=
ABDOMINAL AND THORACIC INJURY
WHAT ARE THE THREE PARTS OF WOUNDS
ENTRY, EXIT, INTERNAL
WHAT IS THE DIAMETER OF A SHOCK WAVE FROM A BULLET
12 TIMES BULLET DIAMETER