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74 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is optimal total cholesterol level?
200mg/dl
desired HDL
40-59mg/dL
desired LDL levels
<100mg/dL
how are fibirc acid derivatives different than statins?
lower tryglyceride, increase HDL, howwver LDL can be lowered or slightly increased
nicotinic aid do for choelsterol
lowers tryglycerides and LDL and increase HDL
when do you take bile ascid sequestrants?
before a meal
htn crisis
systolic >210 diastolic .120
what is captopril?
ace inhibitor causing less vasoconstriction. lowers bpby decreasing vsacular resistance
AE of captoril
angioedema and neutropenia can cause injury and death to dev. fetus in 2 and 3 mesterq
what is losertan?
treat htn and kidney damage in peeps with diabetes. is an ARB
CI to losertan
breastfeeding nad preggo
drug of choice for htn crisis when bp must be reduced immediately
nitroprusside
serious AE of nitroprusside
braducardia from rapid infusion so use IV pump
what 3 classes are used for heeart failure?
ACE, BBlock and diuretic
what to monitor on captopril
K adn Na
Digoxin i used ot treat what condition
CHF, a fib, a flutter
htn crisis
systolic >210 diastolic .120
what is captopril?
ace inhibitor causing less vasoconstriction. lowers bpby decreasing vsacular resistance
AE of captoril
angioedema and neutropenia can cause injury and death to dev. fetus in 2 and 3 mesterq
what is losertan?
treat htn and kidney damage in peeps with diabetes. is an ARB
CI to losertan
breastfeeding nad preggo
drug of choice for htn crisis when bp must be reduced immediately
nitroprusside
serious AE of nitroprusside
braducardia from rapid infusion so use IV pump
what 3 classes are used for heeart failure?
ACE, BBlock and diuretic
htn crisis
systolic >210 diastolic .120
what to monitor on captopril
K adn Na
what is captopril?
ace inhibitor causing less vasoconstriction. lowers bpby decreasing vsacular resistance
Digoxin i used ot treat what condition
CHF, a fib, a flutter
AE of captoril
angioedema and neutropenia can cause injury and death to dev. fetus in 2 and 3 mesterq
what is losertan?
treat htn and kidney damage in peeps with diabetes. is an ARB
CI to losertan
breastfeeding nad preggo
drug of choice for htn crisis when bp must be reduced immediately
nitroprusside
serious AE of nitroprusside
braducardia from rapid infusion so use IV pump
what 3 classes are used for heeart failure?
ACE, BBlock and diuretic
what to monitor on captopril
K adn Na
what is a helminth?
multicellular organism
parasitic worm
direct effect of digoxin ? indirect
strengthen fore of contraction
slow heart rate
digoxin antidonte
digoxin immune fab
whoa re at greatest risk for adverse effects from dig?
older people because of dereased renal function
how od you minimize chance for adverse reaction with dig?
monitor serum levels, assess for bradycardia by taking apical pulse for 1 min an monito electrolytes dont take if heart rate <60
places at risk for dig toxicity
low K and MG high Ca
dig toxicity signs
anorexia NV diarrhea h/a blirred vision confusiona dn drowsiness
dig therapeutic margin
0.5-2.0 ng/mL
hgb male
14-18 g/dl
hgb female
12-16g/dl
hct male
42-52
hct female
37-47
RBC male
4.7-6.1 mill/mm3
RBC women
4.2-5.4 million/mm3
wbc
4-10,000/mm3
platelete count
150-400,000
PT
11-12.5sec ( slighly lowered in preggo)
PTT
60-70sec
APTT
30-40 sec
albumin
3.5-5 g/dL
bilirubin
0.3-1 total, indirect 0.2-0.8, direct 0.1-0.3 mg/dl
newborn bilirubin
1-12mg/dl
calcium
9-10.5mg/dl
chloride
98-106 mEq/l
createning men/female
0.6-1.2 female 0.5-1.1
glucose
70-110
Hco3
21-28 mEq/l
iron male/female
80-180 female 60-160
potassium
3.5-5
total protein
6.4-8.3
Na
136-145
tryglycerides male/female
40-160, female 35-135 mg/dl
Shigella
bloody diarrhea
More virulent than Salmonella
Non-motile
Lactose, Indole (-)
Pco2
35-45
Po2
80-100
Hco3
21-28
O2 sat
95-100
specific gravity
ability of kids to concentrate urine 1.003-1.030
SG and fluid intake
when fluid intake decrease, SG increase wiht kidney dx, SG doens tvary with fluids and is fixed