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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
sum of all energy proceses both anabolic and catabolic
risk factor
anything that could predispose somebody to developing a disease
idea body weight
a weight at which one is healthy both physically and mentally
energy sources
ATP and PTR (ask Laura)
target heart rate training zone
* 250-age
* subtract resting heart rate
* multilpy by both .5 and .85
* add resting heart rate
2-3 most important concepts learned
ask Laura
Inferior vena cava
large blood vessel through which carbon dioxide and waste metabolites return from tissue from lower part of body into right atrium
persent of adult that are completely sedentary
Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
saddle joint
fixed joint
ribs, skull, pelvis, sturnum
hinge joint
fingers, toes, knees, jay
ball and socket joint
shoulder and hip
gliding joint
hands and feet
static stretching
slowly stretching a muscle to a point of mild discomfor and holding for 10-30 seconds; considered the safest stretching technique
ballistic stretching
quickly stretching a muscle using a bouncing movement; rapidly activates stretch receptors can cause reflex muscle contraction
proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF)
contract-relax stretching method "trains" proprioceptors; most effective techniques
intervertebral disk
contains protein and water. height decreases if dehydrated
causes of back pain
1. Excessive stress on the spinal column
2. Degenerative diseases: arthritis, osteoporosis, etc.
3. Smoking, alcohol, drugs interfering w/ bone formation
4. Occupations involving twisting bending and lifting
5. Poor posture related to alignment, bodyweight, stress
6. Muscle weakness in abdomen, back, hips, and legs
lateral curvature of the spine
posterior curvature of the sping
anterior curvature of the spine
major muscles involves in low back health
erector spinae
latissimus dorsi
internal oblique
unhealthy BMI ranges
less than 18 = unerweight
greater than 30 = overweight
female athlete triad
abnormal eating patterns and excessive exercising--amenorrhea--prematre osteoporosis
3 basis types of muscle in body
heart (myocardial)
heat generation--muscle generate heat when they contract
function of skeletal muscle
protection, thermogenesis, red blood cell production
increase and decrease in cell size
hypertrophy and atrophy

speed up rate of energy use- causes cell to hypertrophy

break down rate of energy- causes cell to atrophy