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129 Cards in this Set

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Longest hatch life turtle
Chelidae
Which turtle performs gape Suction
Chelidae
Aestivation/hibernation in mud
Chelidae
Snapping turtles
Chelydridae
Worm-like tongue
Chelydridae
Hard shelled sea turtles
Cheloniidae
Harvested for food, shell, eggs, hit by boats
Cheloniidae
reach sexual maturity around 25 yrs
Cheloniidae
Leatherback sea turtles
Dermochelyidae
largest turtles
Dermochelyidae
Only reptilian inertial endotherm
Dermochelyidae
eat jellyfish
Dermochelyidae
Highly insulated: oil laden skin
Dermochelyidae
Forelimbs have circulatory counterflow system
Dermochelyidae
Pig nose
Carettochelyidae
LIVES IN RIVERS, LAGOONS, ESTUARIES
Carettochelyidae
Mud & musk turtle
Kinosternidae
small size, stinkpot, large head
Kinosternidae
live in slow moving water
Kinosternidae
Softshell turtles
Trionychidae
Jaws covered with fleshy lips rather than beak
Trionychidae
Reduced bony carapace & plastron
Trionychidae
Turtle undergoes Cutaneous Respiration
Trionychidae
Fully aquatic spending most of time in mud
Trionychidae
Turtle lays Oval eggs
Trionychidae
Cooters & Box turtle
Emydidae
Hinged Plastron
Emydidae
Sexually Dimorphic Turtle
Emydidae
Tortoises
Testudinidae
High Dome shells
Testudinidae
Columnar Hindlimbs
Testudinidae
Small clutches
Testudinidae
Terrestrial Turtle
Testudinidae
guntheri & punctatus
Sphenodontidae
220 mya; one of the oldest lizard lineages
Sphenodontidae
Why is Sphenodontidae not a lizard?
Well developed gastralia and skull anomalies
Sister to squamata
Sphenodontidae
Living only in NZ
Sphenodontidae
What are the teeth of Sphenodontidae like?
Acrodont, two rows on top, one row on bottom. Attached to Palatine bone
One of the only reps that can live at very low temps
Sphenodontidae
Sea bird symbiosis
Sphenodontidae
Has eggs that absorb water
Sphenodontidae
Has a parietal eye
Sphenodontidae
Composed of Lizards, Amphisbaenia & Snakes
Squamata
Ecdysis
Shedding in patches
Dragon Lizards & Angleheads
Agamidae
Lizards that are heliotherms
Agamidae
Flying Dragon
Thorny Devil
Agamidae
Chameleons
Chamaeleonidae
Change color
Chamaeleonidae OR Iguanidae
Prehensile tile and Projectile tongue
Chamaeleonidae
No gular folds
Chamaeleonidae
Basilisks, Marine, Anoles
Iguanidae
Runs bipedally
Basilisk, Iguanidae
Doesn't have salt glands, but lives on ocean
Marine Iguanidae
Lays eggs continually throughout lifetime, but only lays one egg at a time
Anole Iguanidae
Geckos & Pygopods
Gekkonidae
Toe pads for smooth surfaces
Gekkonidae
Joints go the opposite way
Gekkonidae
Tokay
Mediterranean
Gekkonidae
All live bearers, mate for life
Xantusiidae
Extremely secretive; diurnal, but seldom venture out
Xantusiidae
Elliptical pupils
Xantusiidae
Whiptail lizards & tegus
Teiidae
Granular scales on back and large, rectangular scales on belly with large head scales on head
Teiidae
arid deserts to tropical rain forests
Teiidae
New species discovered almost every yr!
Teiidae
skinks
Scincidae
Cycloid scales, all about the same size
Scincidae
Compound osteoderms underneath scales, and large head shields
Scincidae
Lose water quickly if not near water
Xenosauridae
Gila monster & Mexican beaded lizard
Helodermatidae
What are the only two venomous lizards?
Gila monster & Mexican beaded Lizard
Burrow when not actively feeding of reproducing
Helodermatidae
Will eat anything! Climb trees for bird eggs.
Helodermatidae
Only lizard with grooved teeth and venom glands
Helodermatidae
Hangs onto prey and chews to get venom into wound
Helodermatidae
Monitors, Goannas, & Earless monitors
Varanidae
Robust lizards with long tail that lack caudal autotomy, used for balance for upright positions during combat and arboreal movements
Varanidae
All of these lizards are oviparous
Varanidae
Have high aerobic and metabolic capacities suited to their active foraging lifestyle
Varanidae
Top predator eating large vertebrates detected by chemosensory sues
Varanidae
Komodo Dragon
Varanidae
Saliva contains alot of bacteria
Komodo Dragon, Varanidae
An example of Island gigantism
Komodo Dragon, Varanidae
ZW sex-determination system
Varanidae
Ovum determines the sex of offspring instead of the sperm
Varanidae
Parthenogenesis
Can reproduce without male
What family can reproduce asexually
Varanidae
The worm lizards
Amphisbaenia
Annulate lizards
Amphisbaenia
3 modes of amphisbaenia burrowing
1. Blunt-headed forms (Ram & push)
2. Keeled-headed forms (Ram & move head L & R)
3. Spade-headed forms (Like shovel)
Blind skinks
Dibamidae
Mole-limbed worm lizards
Bipedidae
Amphisbaenia that retained forelimbs
Bipedidae
Florida worm lizard
Rhineuridae
Amphisbaenia that has widespread fossil record
Rhineuridae
Spade-headed worm lizards
Trogonophidae
Name 4 types of Fangs
Rear-fanged
Front-fanged
Hollow-fanged
Hinge-fanged
Name the 4 types of venom
Proteolytic
Hemotoxic
Neurotoxic
Cytotoxic
Proteolytic
dismantles molecular structure of the area surrounding and including the bite
Hemotoxic
act on the heart and cardiovascular system
Neurotoxic
acts on the nervous system and brain
cytotoxic
has localized action at the site of the bite
Identifies snake type based on whether its single or divided
anal plate
Name the four types of snake locomotion
Serpentine
Rectilinear
Sidewinding
Concertina
Name the two major groups of Snakes
Scolecophidians
Alethinophidians
Dawn blind snakes
Anomalepididae
Slender blind snakes
Leptotyphlopidae
Pythons
Pythonidae
How do Pythons differ from Boas?
Pythons have premaxilla teeth and lay eggs
Non-venomous constrictors
pythonidae
Snake heavily dependent on water
pythonidae
Boas
Boidae
Frequently feed on warm-blooded prey, so possess series of heat-sensing pits around mouth
Boidea
The anaconda
Boidae
Vipers and Pit Vipers
Viperidae
Pupils vertically elliptical and head is distinctly wider than neck
Viperidae
Most of these snakes are ovoviviparous
Viperidae
Utilizes hinged-fang mech
Viperidae
Strongly keeled scales and a divided anal plate
Colubridae
75% OF ALL GENERA AND 78% of all species of the world
Colubridae
Water snakes
Colubridae
What snake has a symbiotic relationship with gopher tortoises?
Colubridae
Cobras, seasnakes, mambas, death adders
Elapidae
Venomous snakes that have fangs fit into slots when the mouth is closed
Elapidae
Circular pupils
Elapidae
King Cobra and Black Mamba
Elapidae
Coral Snake
Elapidae