• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/15

Click to flip

15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
Trait(s)
the physical characteristics of an organism (eye color, hair color, bone structure, personality)
chromosome
carries the information that controls DNA inherited characteristics

found inside the nucleus of an atom
nucleus
where genetic material is found
DNA
carries the genetic information about an organism

AKA: genetic blueprint
gene(s)
controls which traits an organism will express (show)

they come in pairs
allele(s)
different form(s) of genes

A person might carry an allele for straight hair and allele for curly hair
dominant allele
the trait that ALWAYS expresses itself in an organism

Genotype: G
recessive allele
the trait that is expressed ONLY when the dominant trait is NOT present

Genotype: g
genotype
a combination of alleles that determines a trait

Always shown as: Gg
phenotype
the expression of a physical trait
homozygous
two genes that are alike

example: homozygous dominant GG or homozygous recessive gg
heterozygous
two genes that are different

example: Gg
dominant trait
a trait that always shows up in an organism
recessive trait
a trait that expresses itself ONLY when the dominant gene is NOT present