Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/12

Click to flip

12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
GINKGO BILOBA
Ancient Chinese remedy for “brain disorders”
Current use: dementia, claudication
Active ingredient is ginkgolide B
Inhibits platelet activating factor
GARLIC
Comes from Allium sativum (Lily family)
Active component is allicin (destroyed by heat)
Current use: “anti-atherosclerotic”
Decreases platelet aggregation, enhances fibrinolysis
GINSENG
Panax ginseng, panax quinquefolias
Current use: performance enhancer, increased stress resistance
Commonly associated with side effect of hypertension, tachycardia
KAVA KAVA
Piper methysticum
Active ingredient is kavain
Current use: anxiolytic
Potentiates CNS depressants, increasing number of reports of liver toxicity
Banned for sale in Germany, Switzerland, etc. but not in the States.
MILK THISTLES
Silybum marianum
Active ingredient is silymarin
Current use:hepatoprotectant
Decreases fasting glucose
SAW PALMETTO
Serenoa repens
Active component not known
Inhibits 5 alpha reductase
Current use: decrease urinary sx in BPH
Ginger
Zingibar officinale
Current use: anti-emetic
Decreases post operative nausea?
ECHINACEA
E. purpurea, E. augustifolia, E. pallida
Current use:increase resistance to colds
Not recommended for long term use
ST. JOHN'S WORT
Hypericum perforatum
Current use: antidepressant
Active ingredient is hypericin
Cardiovascular instability, decreases plasma levels of other meds (immune-suppressant and digoxin)
GLUCOSAMINE-CHONDROITON
Natural or synthetic sources
Current use: (knee) osteoarthritis
Favorable safety profile, ? efficacy
TYRAMINE
Abundant in aged cheese, wine, beer and sausage.

Avoid use with MAO-inhibitor

Tyramine is an indirect adrenoreceptor agonist. So, use with MAO-inhibitor can result in hypertensive crisis.
Grapefruit juice
Increase drug absorption of: Calcium Channel Blockers:
Benzodiazapines
Cyclosporin
Buspirone
Carbamazepine
Saquinavir