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59 Cards in this Set

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ac
before meals
pc
after meals
bid
twice a day
three times a day
tid
qid
four times a day
qh
every hour
hour of sleep; before bed
hs
qn
every night
stat
immediately
q2h
every 2 hours
q4h
every 4 hours
qod
every other day
prn
as needed
three times a week
tiw
biw
two times a week
right ear
ad
left ear
al
each ear
au
hhn
hand held nebulizer
im
intramuscularly
ivp
intravenours push
ivpb
intravenous piggyback
mdi
metered dose inhaler
neb
nebulizer
ngt
nasogastric tube
od
right eye
os
left eye
ou
both eyes
po
by mouth
This is a measure of volume usually reserved for measuring gases.(One is approximately equal to 16 drops from a medicine dropper.)
cc/cubic centimeter
1000=1mg
mcg/microgram
mEq
milliequivalent
1000=1g
milligram
1=1cc; liquid measure
millilter/ mL
1cc=16; about the size of one drop
minim (m)
a liquid measure slightly less than a household teaspoon. 1 = 4 mL.
dram (dr)
Generally, 60 mg = 1, except with acetaminophen (Tylenol) and aspirin: 65 mg = 1
grain (gr)
1 = 1 minim; abbreviated gtt
drop
i
one
One is approximately equal to 500 milliliters
pint
One equals 15 milliliters
tablespoon
One equals 30 milliliters
ounce
Medication is encased in a gelatin shell
capsule, caps
controlled release
cr
slow release
sr
double strength
ds
The tablet is coated with a substance that will not dissolve in the acid secretions of the stomach; instead, it dissolves in the more alkaline secretions of the intestines.
enteric coated, ec
A drug is dissolved in a hydroalcoholic sweetened base.
elix, el, elizer
The drug is contained in a clear liquid preparation
solution, sol
This is an alcoholic solution of a volatile substance
sp, spirit
This is a solid, cylindrically shaped drug that can be inserted into a body opening
suppository, supp
Small particles of drug are dispersed in a liquid base and must be shaken before being poured; gels and magmas
suspension, susp
A sugar is dissolved in a liquid medication and flavored to disguise the taste.
syrup, syrup
Medication is compressed or molded into a solid form; additional ingredients are used to shape and color the tablet.
tablet
This is a liquid alcoholic or hydroalcoholic solution of a drug.
tr, tinct, tincture
This is a semisolid drug preparation that is applied to the skin
ung, oint., ointment
keep vein open; continue infusing this fluid
kvo
kna
know known allergeries
nkda
no known drug allergies