Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/16

Click to flip

16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anemia
etio
~deficiency of RBC categ by RBC count & below normal HGB/HCT
anemia
cause
~acute/chronic blood loss
~abnormal bone marrow function
~decr erythropoietin
anemia
S/S
~fatigue
~weakness
~vertigo
~pallor
~decr HGB/HCT/RBC
iron deficiency anemia
etio
~chronic blood loss
~nutritional deficiency
~common in young F/older adults
aplastic anemia
etio
~lack of cells in bone marrow w/decr in all blood prod cells
aplastic anemia
S/S
~hypoxia
~infec
~hemorrhages
~ecchymosis
~petechiae
~fatigue
aplastic anemia
NI
~plan rest periods
~protective isolation (reverse)
~monitor 4 infec
~remove cause
~steroids
~transfusion
~antibiotics
~bone marrow transplant
pernicious anemia
etio
~atrophy of gastric mucosum
~cause: total gastrectomy
~malabsorption
~d/t vit b12 deficiency caused by lack of intrinsic factor of gastric juice
pernicious anemia
S/S
~numbness/tingling of extremities
~paresthia
~gait disturbances
pernicious anemia
NI
~protect lower extremities (bed cradle)
~rest
~nonstimulating environment
~assist w/schilling test
~lifetime b12 shots (IM)
sickle cell anemia
etio
~defective HGB molecule which assume a sickle shape when O2 in venous blood is low
~sickled cells become lodged in blood vessels
~not enuf fluid in body
~gets dehydrated easily
sickle cell anemia
S/S
~severe pain
~swelling
~fever
~jaundice
~hypoxic damage 2 organs
~suscep 2 infec
sickle cell anemia
NI
~genetic counceling
~hydrate
~O2
~demerol
iron preparations
oral
~dilute w/OJ & H2O
~straw 2 avoid stain teeth
~OJ best
~mon 4 GI upset/constipation
~fluids
iron preparations
IM
~z-track
~no massage
anemia
NI
~for blood loss, blood therapy
~O2