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25 Cards in this Set

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Ritual circumcision of a Jewish boy on the 8th day )unless the doctor says he's sick or too weak). A sign of the covenant (brit) between God and Abraham, a sign of being a member of the Jewish people. Performed by a mohel. THe boy is brought by the godparents to the sandek who holds him during the ceremony. The boy is given his Hebrew and English names. There is an empty chair for Elijah the prophet. This ceremony may not be done before the 8th day, nor may it be done by a doctor who is not a mohel.
Brit Milah
The first-born son who is teh first born child, too. On the 31st day after the birth of a boy whose father is a Yisrael, the parents symbolically redeem the boy from a Kohen for 5 silver dollars. This gets the boy out of serving in the Ancient Temple, should we ever go back to that way of Judaism.
Pidyon Haben Redemption
The naming of a Jewish girl has traditionally been doen when her parents are called to the Torah for an aliyah on the earliest possible Shabbat. Parents also have the option of creating a ceremony for the naming, because the naming of a girl is not guarded by Jewish law.
Brit Bat or Naming Ceremony
Modern ceremony common amond Reform and Conservative congregation for students ending 10th grade. For some, this marks the end of their formal Jewish education.
Confirmation
Modern ceremony among Reform adn Conservative Jews welcoming a child beginnning his/her formal religious education.
Consecration
Literally "son/daughter of the commandments". When a child reaches the age of responsibility and liability for Jewish law: traditionally age 13 for boys and age 12 for girls. In egalitarian synagogues, the child is called to the Torah at age 13 to demonstrate his/her learning and commitment to Judiasm and Jewish life.
Bat Mitzvah/Bat Mitzvah
According to Jewish law, only the groom is required to give the bride a ring; however modern couples often chose to exchange rings. At the end of the ceremony, the groom stomps on a glass; some say it's to remind us that the world is not yet complete, others say its superstition to scare away the evil spirits from around the couple, yet others say its to remind us of the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem. After the ______, it is a mitzvah for guests to entertain the couple, with singing dancing and a festive meal.
Wedding
In the sad event that the couple needs to separate, Judiasm permits divorce. According to halakhah, the couple needs the secular divorce, then they go to someone ot receive the Jewish divorce document.
Divorce
It is the hightest mitzvah of all to bury the dead; it is something that you can never do for yourseslf, and each of us relies on others to bury us in a respectful, proper way. A Jewish ______ is held as soon as possible after the death of a person. Before the burial the people prepares the body by washing it and wrapping it in simple clothes- a person who wore a tallit may choose to be buried in it, too. At the funeral ( weather in a chapel or graveside), it is traditional to say some psalms and the special kiddish for graveside. The family, friends and/or clergy all have opportunities to speak about the person and share favorite memories. The simple wood casket is covered by dirt ) a shovelful or two by eavh person in attendance is proper), as to fulfill the bibilical line, "ashes to ashes, dust to dust."
Funeral
As death approaches, the Jew recites something and the SHEMA.
Dying
The family mourns for seven days. They remain in the house reveiving visitors and comfort and refrain from joyous activities, such as TV or radio. The community generally brings food and participates in minyan so that the family can say the mourner's kiddish. For 11 months after, the mourner's kaddish is recited daily by the person's immediate relatives. On each something the immediate family lights a 24- hour candle and recites mourner's kaddish in synagogue. A prayer is said for close relatives during synagogue services on Yom Kippur and on the last days of Sukkot, Pesach, and Shavuot.
Mourning by Family
a person trained in both the surgery and prayers.
mohel
the person who holds him during the ceremony.
sandek
the Jewish legal document
ketubah
the blessing of engagement
erusin
the seven wedding blessings
kiddushin
wedding canopy
huppah
a rabbi specially trained in Jewish divorce
m'sader gittin
jewish divorce document
get
confession
vidui
Jewish burial society
hevra kaddisha
it is traditional to say some palms at a funeral. These palms or memorial prayers are called.....
el malay rachamin
situations that would make the this shorter, such as holidays
shiva
Jewish anniversary of the death
yahrzeit
a memorial prayer
yizkor