• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/40

Click to flip

40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Afterload
the amount of resistance to ejection of blood from a ventricle
Anuria
urine output of less than 50 mL/24 hrs
CO
* cardiac output

* the amount of blood pumped out of the heart in 1 minute
CRT
* cardiac resynchronization therapy

* a treatment for heart failure in which a device paces both ventricles to synchronize contractions
Compliance
the elasticity or amount of "give" when blood enters the ventricle
CHF
* congestive heart failure

* a fluid overload condition in (congestion) associated with heart failure
Contractility
* the force of ventricular contraction

* related to the number and state of myocardial cells
Diastolic Heart Failure
the inability of the heart to pump sufficiently because of an alternation in the ability the heart to fill

* current term used to describe a type of heart failure
DOE
* dyspnea on exertion

* shortness of breath that occurs with exertion
EF
* ejection fraction

* percentage of blood volume in the ventricles at the end of diastole that is ejected during systole

* a measurement of contractility
HF
* heart failure

* the inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet the needs of the tissues for oxygen and nutrients

* s/s of pulmonary and systemic congestion may or may not be present
ICD
* implantable cardioverter defibrillator

* a device implanted in patients with ventricular dysrhythmias that detects and treats tysrhythmias
left-sided heart failure
* also called "left ventricular failure"

* inability of the left ventricle to fill or pump (empty) sufficient blood to meet the needs of the tissues for oxygen and nutrients

* traditional term used to describe patient's symptoms of heart failure
oliguria
* diminished urine output

* less than 400 mL/24 hrs
orthopnea
shortness of breath when lying flat
Afterload
the amount of resistance to ejection of blood from a ventricle
Anuria
urine output of less than 50 mL/24 hrs
CO
* cardiac output

* the amount of blood pumped out of the heart in 1 minute
CRT
* cardiac resynchronization therapy

* a treatment for heart failure in which a device paces both ventricles to synchronize contractions
Compliance
the elasticity or amount of "give" when blood enters the ventricle
CHF
* congestive heart failure

* a fluid overload condition in (congestion) associated with heart failure
Contractility
* the force of ventricular contraction

* related to the number and state of myocardial cells
Diastolic Heart Failure
the inability of the heart to pump sufficiently because of an alternation in the ability the heart to fill

* current term used to describe a type of heart failure
DOE
* dyspnea on exertion

* shortness of breath that occurs with exertion
EF
* ejection fraction

* percentage of blood volume in the ventricles at the end of diastole that is ejected during systole

* a measurement of contractility
HF
* heart failure

* the inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet the needs of the tissues for oxygen and nutrients

* s/s of pulmonary and systemic congestion may or may not be present
ICD
* implantable cardioverter defibrillator

* a device implanted in patients with ventricular dysrhythmias that detects and treats tysrhythmias
left-sided heart failure
* also called "left ventricular failure"

* inability of the left ventricle to fill or pump (empty) sufficient blood to meet the needs of the tissues for oxygen and nutrients

* traditional term used to describe patient's symptoms of heart failure
oliguria
* diminished urine output

* less than 400 mL/24 hrs
orthopnea
shortness of breath when lying flat
PND
* paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

* shortness of breath that occurs suddenly during sleep
Pericardiocentesis
procedure involving aspiration of fluid from the pericardial sac
Pericardiotomy
surgically created opening of the pericardium
Preload
the amount of myocardial stretch just before systole caused by the volume of blood presented to the ventricle
Pulmonary Edema
abnormal accumulation of fluid int he interstitial spaces or in the alveoli of the lungs
PEA
* pulseless electrical activity

* condition in which electrical activity is present but there is not an adequate pulse or blood pressure because of ineffective cardiac contraction or circulation
Pulsus Paradoxus
* systolic blood pressure of more than 10 mm Hg higher during exhalation than during inspiration

* difference is normally less than 10 mm HG
Right-sided Heart Failure
* also called "right ventricular failure"

* inability of the right ventricle to fill or pump (empty) sufficient blood to the pulmonary circulation
SV
* stroke volume

* amount of blood pumped out of the ventricle with each contraction
Systolic Heart Failure
* inability of the heart to pump sufficiently because of an alteration in the ability of the heart to contract

* current term used to describe a type of heart failure