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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Respirtory
the absorption of oxygen
(inhale) and the release of carbon dixoide (exhale) The blood delivers the O2 and picks up the garbage(CO2) @the cells BREATHING
another name for respirtory
exchange of gases
Nostrils
have hair to capture dust and air particles
nasal cavaties
open area seperated by the (next question
septum
to seperate
turbinates
air circulates around to..sticky catches small stuff, warms air and
Olfactory nerves
smell
sinuses
small cavaties in skull w/fluid to warm air humidify air
uvala
flap over nasal passage
pharynx
throat, intersection of tubes
eustation tubes
go from throat to back of ear(equalizes pressure)
tonsils
soft tissue to catch bacteria/virus
Larynx
vocal cords/adams apple(2 folds over skin over windpipe that vibrate
tightens-higher
loosens-lower
trachea
windpipe with cilia (define)
cilia
tiny hair that sweep air and stick germs to mucous
cystic fibroses
too much mucouse die way early
bronchi
2 tubes into lungs(cilia and mucous)
bronchiotes
tiny tube in lungs that carry air to..
alveoli
tiny air sacs that exchange o2 and co2
diaphragm
sheet of muscle that lests you breate inhale_lifts ribs
exhale_relaxes
pericardium
sac that holds heart in place
pulmonary
luns
artery
carry blood away from heart
vein
carry blood to heart
heart mur murs
one or mor valves dont shut completly
lubb
dubb
L-atrioventricular valves
D-pulmonary and aurotic valves
pacemaker
sets pace of heart
TEST resting heart rate
heart rate at rest
usually better the lower it is
factors that effect resting heart rate
diet
amount of activity
genetics
amount of sleep
how you deal w/ stress
polution
drug use/ non use
cornary arteries
supply heart muscle w/ blood
plaque
coronary bypass surgery (stops heart, blood pumped thru machine, cutout bad part, and sew leg nerves there
valves in blood stream
trap blood wont let it go backwards
varicorse veins
have broken valves(check for stroke)
lymph system
clear fluid that surrounds all cells: brings nutrients and o2 into cell brings co2 and cell waste out
artery to...
asteroles (cappilaries) to...
lymph to...
veinioles(capillaries) to...
vein
asdf
amount of blood in body
12 pints
cells to liquid=blood
45% to 55%
liquid in blood
plasma? water and protein carries nutrients
red blood cells
most numerous cell carries o2 and co2(lives 4 months)
where are red blood cells
in bone marrow
where do the dead cells go?
spleen
white blood cells
fight and kill infection
TEST ratio
1W:600R
leukemia
wacked amount of white blood cells
platelets
clot blood=stop bleeding
not enough platelets
hemophilac
blood types
A
B AB O
Rh factor
- or +