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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
myoo-TAY-shun): a change in a cell's genetic material. Once the genetic material has changed, the change is inherited by the offspring of that cell.
a cancer originating in the cells of the bone marrow.
naproxen sodium
(na-PROX-en): a drug that relieves fever, pain, and inflammation. It provides longer relief from a single dose than other com­mon pain relievers.
narcotic antagonists:
drugs that oppose the actions of other drugs. The word antagonist means something or someone who struggles with, or opposes, another.
Narcotics Anonymous (NA
free, self-help program of addiction recovery. It uses a 12-step program, promotes personal growth, and leads to the person's helping others to recover.
habit-forming drugs that relieve pain and produce sleep when taken in moderate doses. Also called opiates, because most are derived from the opium poppy.
naturopathic medicine:
: a mixture of traditional and alternative therapies.
urgent wants for necessary things.
nervous system
the body system of nervous tissues-organized into the brain, spinal cord, and nerves-that send and receive messages and inte­grate the body's activities.
neural (NER-uhl) tube defects
: a group of birth defects caused by inter­ruption of normal development of the neural tube, the tissue from which the brain and spinal cord form. The term neural refers to nerve tissues
. nicotine (
(NICK-oh-teen): an addictive drug present in tobacco.
night blindness:
slow recovery of vision after flashes of bright light at night; an early symptom of vitamin A deficiency.
person who does not share society's values and there­fore behaves in unconventional ways.
nontraditional family:
a group of unrelated people who live together and offer support to one another.
one of the stress hormones; also called noradrenaline
nuclear family:
a mother and father and their natural or adopted chil­dren
nucleus: inside
a cell, the structure that contains the genes.
nutrient deficiencies
(dee-FISH-en-sees): too little of one or more nutrients in the diet; a form of malnutrition
compounds in food that the body requires for proper growth, maintenance, and functioning.
overfatness to the point of injuring health. Obesity is often defined as 20 percent or more above the appropriate weight for height
a group of drugs derived from the opium poppy that relieve pain and induce sleep. Also known as narcotics.
obsessive-compulsive disorder
the uncontrollable need to perform repetitive acts.
a narcotic drug that relieves pain and induces sleep, made from the opium poppy.
whole units, made of tissues, that perform specific jobs.
rejection and exclusion from society.
the female cells of reproduction. Ova are also called eggs.
OrC) drugs: drugs legally available without a pre­scription.
an extra physical demand placed on the body.
too much food energy or excess nutrients to the degree of causing disease or increasing risk of disease; a form of malnutrition.
. ovulation
: the ripening and release of an ovum.
ozone layer
layer: a layer of ozone in the earth's outer atmosphere that pro­tects living things on earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun
: a substance created when certain types of energy, such as the sun's ultra-violet rays, react with oxygen. When this reaction takes place high above the earth in the outer atmosphere, the ozone absorbs the most dan­gerous UV rays.
a device that delivers electrical impulses to the heart to reg­
Pap test:
ulate the heartbeat.
living things that depend for nourishment on the bodies of oth­ers that they inhabit.
passive abuse:
abuse involving not taking needed actions, such as neglecting to provide food or shelter to a dependent victim.
: possessing the characteristic of not expressing feelings appropri­ately, of remaining silent.
PCP (phencyclidine hydrochloride):
: a drug of abuse; an animal tranquilizer, abused by human beings as a hallucinogen.
PCP (Pneumocystis carin;; pneumonia):
the pneumonia character­istic of AIDS.
: a specialist concerned with the health care of infants and children.
peer pressure:
peer groups: groups of people who are similar in age and stage of life.
pelvic inflanunatory disease
(PID): an infection of the fallopian tubes and pelvic cavity in women, causing ectopic pregnancy and pregnancy failures.
a meaning given to an event or occurrence based on a per­son's previous experience or understanding.
the opposite of biodegradable-unable to decompose or to be converted by living organisms into harmless wastes.
the characteristics of a person that are apparent to othet'
an extreme, irrational fear of an object or situation.
(PV) panels: panels that convert light (photons) into electricity (
: a cactus that produces the hallucinogen mescaline.
microbes that cause diseases.
(OS-tee-oh-por-OH-sis): a disease of gradual bone loss, which can cripple people in later life