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30 Cards in this Set

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Anatomical Position
Standing erect, with palms, and feet facing forward. Is the standard reference point in which all positions, movements, and planes are described.
Anatomical Planes
Fixed LInes of refrence along the body. Allows one to see three-dimensional perspective by studying from diffrent views.
Sagittal plane
Divides body into right and left.
Midsagital, Median
Names for the plane dividing the body into equal right and left parts.
Frontal Plane, Coronal
Divides body into front and back halves.
Transverse
Horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower hafts.
Superior
Closer to the head or higher.
Inferior
Closer to the feet or lower.
Anterior
More in front
Posterior
More in back
Medial
Closer to midline
Lateral
Farther away from the midline
Distal
Refers to a extremitie being farther away from the root
Proximal
Closer to the root of the limb
Superficial
Closer to the surface
Deep
Closer to the core
Ventral
Towards the front or belly
Dorsal
Towards the back
Prone
Lieing face down
Supine
Lying face up
Unilateral
Pertaning to one side of the body
Bilateral
Pertaning to both sides of the body
Flexion
Decreasing the angle between two bones
Extension
Increasing angle between two bones
Adduction
Moving a body part towards the midline of the body
Abduction
Moving a body part away from the midline
Inversion
Turning the sole of the foot inward
Eversion
Turning the sole of the foot outward
Dorsiflexion
Flexing the foot up to the shin
Plantaflexion
Pointing the foot downward.