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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
everything that makes up your surroundings—air, water, soil, rocks, plants, animals, and microorganisms
Environment
the cycling of materials that helps to keep conditions relatively constant in the environment
Homeostasis
substances that cause pollution
Pollutants
wastes that can be broken down by microorganisms
Biodegradable Wastes
the use over and over again of materials such as metal and glass
Recycling
the primary waste given off during burning; nonpoisonous
Carbon Dioxide
a colorless, odorless, poisonous waste/gas that is produced when most substances are burned
Carbon Monoxide
the substance in your red blood cells that carries oxygen to the cells of your body
Hemoglobin
when sulfuric gas mixes with water in the air
Sulfuric Acid
when nitric gas mixes with water in the air
Nitric Acid
rain that contains either sulfuric or nitric acid or both
Acid Raid
substances made of hydrogen and carbon
Hydrocarbons
formed when hydrocarbons react with nitric oxide in the presence of sunlight
Smog
form of oxygen that chemically reacts with many things
Ozone
chemicals containing chlorine, fluorine, and carbon
Chlorofluorocarbons
a region of the atmosphere with a high concentration of ozone
Ozone Layer
the tiny hair-like structures that line your breathing passages and trap particles before they reach your lungs
Cilia
mineral that occurs in the form of fibers
Asbestos
when asbestos fibers are inhaled into the lungs and damage those cells
Asbestosis
the condition that occurs when a layer of cool air near the ground is trapped under a layer of warm air
Temperature Inversion
the waste material carried from toilets and drains
Sewage
the water that drains from land into streams
Runoff
chemicals that kill crop pests
Pesticides
chemicals that kill weeds
Herbicides
chemicals that contain minerals needed by plants
Fertilizers
small water plants
Algae
the process of excessive algae growth followed by decay and lack of oxygen
Eutrophication
an area where trash, garbage, and other wastes are deposited and covered with soil
Landfill
flammable, explosive, corrosive, or toxic to human/other life
Hazardous Wastes
cancer- causing agents
Carcinogens
chemicals that cause changes in a cell’s hereditary material
Mutagens
a form of energy that damages living things
High Energy Radiation
substances that give of radiation
Radioactive
loud sound that is a nuisance that can harm your health
Noise
natural sources of radiation
Background Radiation
exposure to large doses of radiation
Radiation Sickness
radioactivity that falls to the ground
Fallout
units that measure loudness of sound
Decibels
radioactive gas that is estimated to cause 5,000-20,000 deaths annually
Radon