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23 Cards in this Set

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aerobic physical activity
exercise for which the body is able to supply adequate oxygen to sustain performance for long periods of time
anaerobic physical activity
activities at intensity so great that the body's demand for oxygen exceeds its ability to supply it
aerobic capacity
a measure of aerobic or cardiovascular fitness
coronary occlusion
the blocking of the coronary blood vessels; aka heart attack
arteriosclerosis
hardening of the arteries due to conditions that cause the arterial walls to become thick, hard, and nonelastic
angina pectoris
chest or arm pain resulting from reduced oxygen supply to the heart muscle
congestive heart failure
the inability of the heart muscles to pump the blood at a life-sustaining rate
hypertension
high blood pressure (excessive pressure against the walls of arteries)
stroke
a condition in which the brain, or part of the brain, receives insufficient oxygens as a result of diminished blood supply
peripheral vascular disease
a lack of oxygen supply to the working muscles and tissues of the arms and legs, resulting from decreased blood flow
coronary collateral circulation
circulation of blood to the heart muscle associated with the blood-carrying capacity of a specific vessel or development of collateral vessels (extra blood vessels)
lipids
all fats and fatty substances
lipoprotein
fat-carrying proteins in the blood
low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
a core of cholesterol surrounded by protein; "bad cholesterol"
high-density lipoprotein
blood substance that picks up cholesterol and helps remove it from the body; "good cholesterol"
health benefits
reductions in hypokinetic disease risk and risk for early death
performance benefits
an improved ability to score well on physical fitness tests or to perform well in athletic or work activities requiring high-level performance
osteoporosis
a condition associate with low bone density and subsequent bone fragility, leading to high risk for fracture
emotional storm
a traumatic emotional experience that is likely to affect the human organism physiologically
hyperkinetic condition
diseases/illnesses or health conditions caused, or contributed to, by too much physical activity
heart rate reserve
the difference between maximum heart rate and resting heart rate
continuous aerobic activity
aerobic activities that are slow enough to be sustained for relatively long periods without frequent rest periods
intermittent aerobic activity
aerobic activities, relatively high in intensity, alternated with frequent rest periods