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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
stress
your rxn to a specifiec situation or problem
eustress
stress in rxn to a positive thing (planning wedding)
distress
stress over something bad or negative (forgetting a test)
chronic stress
stress over a long period of time, hurtful to body
acute stress
short term stress, arises w/ probelm
can be beneficial, bring new energy
stressor
someting that requires you to cope/deal w/ situation
physical: temp, injury
physco: life changing events
what chronic stress does to body
reduces number of WBC or reduce effectiveness
hurts immune system
takes longer to get back to normal
death
stress and nervous system
ex: cold weather
closes small blood vessels, blood circulates 2 deep tissues, gooose bumps, shiver
hormones/stress hormones
hormones: chemical messenger
gland: makes and releases hormones
stress hormones:epinephrine and norephiniphrine
what does stress to do endocrine system?
increases HR, increases repiration, blood glucose levels rise, directs blood flow to brain
cortisol
raises blood glucose levels, promotes body 2 use fat for energy so glucose can go to brain/muscles
stress and immune system
acitivy is lower
b/t short times, recovers quicly
short periods and relief strengthens immune system
long time --> reduced number of WBC or their effectiveness
stress response ( 3 stages)
alarm: releases stress hormones
resistance: speed up/mobolize
recovery or exhaustion
what happens in flight or fight?
heart rate increases
pupils widen
muscles tense
feuls released
blood flow 2 skin is reduced
immune system temp. shuts down
blood flow to organs reduced
blood flow to brain increased
healthy ways of dealing with stress
displacement: transferring energy to another activity
ventilation: let of steam by expressing emotions to another person
excercise
high-self esteem
postive attitude
monitor body for signs of stress
focus on immediate task
seek help
unhealthy ways of dealing w/ stress
blaming, not listening, cross complaining, avoid responsibility, leaving,
coping devices
temporary measures used by the mind to get through hard times
unhealthy when you use them non-stop
denial
completely rejecting thought or feeling
"i dont hate him"
supressing
vaguely aware of thought or feeling, but try to hide it
"ill try to be nice to him"
projection
you think someone else has your thought or feeling
"the teacher hates me"
rationalization
come up with different solutions to justify the feelings
"hes critical because he wants to help me"
regression
resorting to earlier ways of acting or feeling (immature)
"lets shoot spitballs at him:
repression
shoving thoughts out of your mind, more serious cases, arnt aware they are doing it
withdrawl
drawing away from people or activities