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7 Cards in this Set

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Definitions: Fetus
The developing human, in utero, after completion of the eighth gestational week. Before that time it is called an embryo.
Definitions: Newborn, neonate
A newborn infant up to 1 month of age. The first 28 days of life.
Definitions: Infant
A child in the first year of life.
Birth to 28 days: Historical perspectives
*Home birth attended by midwife
*Hospital birth with Health Care Provider
*Family-centered care
*Shorter hospital stays
National Health Goals 2010
*Reduce fetal and infant deaths
*Increase the percentage of healthy full-term infants put down to sleep on their backs--lower rate of SIDS
*Increase the proportion of mothers who breastfeed their babies
Standards of Care
*Reduce C/Birth rate
*Increase breastfeeding
*Healthy newborn
--reduce preterm births
*Folic acid supplementation
*Prenatal care
Physiological Considerations
Transition to Extrauterine Life
*Initiation of respiration
*Mechanical: negative intrathoracic pressure; SVD vs. C/birth
*Sensory: thermal, touch, light, sound
*Chemical: Transient asphyxia (have to make sure airways are clear) MOUTH BEFORE NOSE