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34 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
from saliva, “kissing disease”, viral infection, is contagious, can’t play sports if you have it
caused from bacteria, have cold symptoms like runny nose, or cough, with your strep throat
Staph-skin infection; from sharing clothes, and not cleaning thing properly; can live on you harmlessly, but only when it gets into an open cut, will it become a problem
Ringworm- affects skin, nail and scalp, patch or bump to looking like a ring, get it by people or animals, fungal infection
Athelete's Foot
Athlete’s Foot- fungal, itchy, get it from public showers, needs a moist dark area to grow
Flu- highly contagious, viral infection, more severe than a cold, can lead to pneumonia,
Colds – viral infection, contagious, not a big deal, common, runny or stuffy nose, and sneezing, and fatigue are some symptoms
HIV- transmitted through blood/body fluid, no vaccines or cures for it, damages the ability to fight off diseases
Hepatitis-A: can be cured, B: is treated/has a vaccine, spread through blood/sex, C: incurable
Herpes- 1: mouth, 2:genital and sexually transmitted
MRSA skin infections
MRSA skin infections- fungal disease in the feet
Meningitis- inflammation of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord can spread through your blood, spread through coughing and sneezing w/o covering mouth
Cardiovascular- heart and blood vessels system
Artery/Vein/ Capillary-
-ARTERIES- oxygenated blood; feeds brain, muscles and organs,
-VIENS- blood with non-oxygen blood,
-CAPILLARY- spider veins, take blood to the tissues on the top of the skin, exchanges oxygen in the blood and gets waste products out
Aorta-the main artery of the body
Carotid Artery
Carotid artery- used to check pulse in neck; goes to the brain, one on either side of neck
Brachial Artery
Brachial Artery- in your bicep, use to find a pulse on a baby
Femoral Artery
Femoral Artery- in your leg, use to help stop bleeding
Four chambers of the heart, 2 of each
Coronary Artery
Coronary Artery- feed the heart with blood, arteries that can be buildup w/plaque
Plaque- from junk food, smoking, builds up in arteries, helps blood slow down and clots (can start a heart attack)
Varicose Veins
Varicose Veins- valves that shut and help bring blood up from the legs to the heart, sometimes can leak, look twisted and ugly and can hurt; helps- get off your feet
Angioplasty- helps get plaque in arteries; put a balloon where there is plaque, inflate the balloon, and smashes the plaque
Catheterization- put a tube in your femur and get it up to the heart; has a camera and you can see where the blockage is
Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary Heart Disease- disease in the heart
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Artery Disease- disease in the arteries, related to the heart
Stent- spring coated with medication, put it between the plaque blockage, and keeps the plaque from coming back again
Nitroglycerin- a patch, and put it on heart, through an IV, and comes in pills; opens up arteries temporary fix
Congestive heart failure
Congestive heart failure- fluid/water that collects near your heart; use diuretics to get it out
Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial Infarction- heart attack; blockage in arteries- and can’t get blood to your heart
EKG/ECG- way to measure the electrical activity in your heart
Hypertension- high blood pressure
Atherosclerosis- means plaque build up inside arteries, reason for the coronaries disease
Cardio-Pulmonary-Resuscitation= Heart-Lungs-Revive; to keep oxygen in the blood, and to keep it circulated