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103 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Risk
an action that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others
random event
something that a person has little to no control over
Lifestyle Choice Diseases
heart attack, cancer, aids
Infections Diseases
smallpox, flu, colds
6 Life Style Factors
1) regular sleep (9 hours)
2) regular meals
3) regular physical activity (20 min, 3x per week)
4) no smoking
5) no alcohol (for teens)
6) watch weight control (fat and cholesterol intake)
Physiological age
the age or health of your body
chronological age
your age in years
5 Goal Setting Steps
1) State your goal in written form
2) Identify a time frame in which you plan to accomplish your goal
3) Daily imagine yourself accomplishing your goal
4) When time frame is up, determine if the goal was reached
5) Identify what worked and what didn't about your efforts
Goal Setting
a tactic for specifying the direction you want to set for yourself, and for monitoring your progress in that direction
Concrete goals
specific and detailed
Abstract Goals
vauge, dreamy and unclear
motivation
force that moves people to act
. internal: selfsatisfaction or pride
. external: prize or trophy
What kind of triangle is the health triangle?
equilateral
What are the 3 sides of the health triangle?
. physical: 6 lifestyle factors
. mental: self esteem, emotion expression, values, stress management, interests and hobbies
. social: supportive friends, social skills, dating, being able to say no
self esteem
The value a person places on him/herself
Risk
an action that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others
random event
something that a person has little to no control over
Lifestyle Choice Diseases
heart attack, cancer, aids
Infections Diseases
smallpox, flu, colds
6 Life Style Factors
1) regular sleep (9 hours)
2) regular meals
3) regular physical activity (20 min, 3x per week)
4) no smoking
5) no alcohol (for teens)
6) watch weight control (fat and cholesterol intake)
Physiological age
the age or health of your body
chronological age
your age in years
5 Goal Setting Steps
1) State your goal in written form
2) Identify a time frame in which you plan to accomplish your goal
3) Daily imagine yourself accomplishing your goal
4) When time frame is up, determine if the goal was reached
5) Identify what worked and what didn't about your efforts
Goal Setting
a tactic for specifying the direction you want to set for yourself, and for monitoring your progress in that direction
Concrete goals
specific and detailed
Abstract Goals
vauge, dreamy and unclear
motivation
force that moves people to act
. internal: selfsatisfaction or pride
. external: prize or trophy
What kind of triangle is the health triangle?
equilateral
What are the 3 sides of the health triangle?
. physical: 6 lifestyle factors
. mental: self esteem, emotion expression, values, stress management, interests and hobbies
. social: supportive friends, social skills, dating, being able to say no
self esteem
The value a person places on him/herself
values
how you decide what you're for and against; how you make your decisions
6 Factors that Influence Decision Making
1) personal skills
2) personal experience
3) information from reliable source
4) friends - peer influence
5) family
6) personal values
the art of decision making
intuition
the science of decision making
using analytical skill or logic
communication
being able to clearly express thoughts, feelings and emotion
4 catogories of communication
1) listening 45%
2) speaking 30%
3) reading 16%
4) writing 9%
3 types of communication
1) passive - indirect expressiong
2) aggressive - direct expression; confrontational; blaming
3) assertive - direct but shows consideration for others (uses I statements)
emotion
a feeling you have about something
abivalence
experiencing 2 emotions at the same time
3 Main Emotions
1) love - self esteem, romantic, family/friends, possessions, activities
2) fear - protects you from danger, keeps you cautious, phobia, jealousy
3) anger - feeling of hostility which should be expressed constructivly
stress
the body's general response to any situation
distress
negative stress
eustress
positive stress
Does eustress and distress have the same symptoms?
YES
stressor
the thing that causes the stress
3 Stages of Stress Response
1) alarm (fight or flight)
2) resistance
3) exhaustion: physical illness can occur
suicide
the taking of one's own life
warning signs of suicide
1) verbal - direct or indirect
2) behavioral - setting of affairs
3) situational
What are the 3 major components of cigarettes?
1) nicotine
2) tar
3) carbon monoxide
Tar
. dark, sticky combination of chemicals
. coats lungs and causes lung cancer
Carbon monoxide
. colorless, odorless gas
. blocks blood's ability to carry oxygen to body cells
. comes from car exhaust, gas furnaces
. long term exposure=heart disease
Nicotine
. addictive agent in tabacco
. reaches the brain quickly and only a fraction is absorbed by smoker
. increases heart+blood pressure and resricts blood flow
What are 4 diseases that are smoking related?
1) Emphysema
2) Heart Disease
3) Cancer
4) Stroke
Emphysema
. inflammation destroys walls of air sacs in lungs (celia)
. bronchials collapse and it becomes hard to exhale
. symptoms: chronic mild cough, weight loss, fatigue
Heart Disease
. narrowing of coronary arteries
. reduces the flow of blood to heart, starving the muscles for nutrients and oxygen
. can lead to heart attack, chest pain and shortness of breath
stroke
. sudden death of portion of brain cells due to lack of oxygen
. can affect senses, motor skills, speech
. may cause paralysis
cancer
. growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell growth
. may spread to other parts of the body or blood stream
. lung: cough, wheezing, coughing up blood
. oral: black/hairy tongue, tar deposits on teeth, bad breath and gum disease
Smokeless Tabacco/ Spit Tabacco
causes
. tooth abrasion
. stained teeth/bad breath
. gum recession
. elevated heart rate
. leukoplakia
. oral cancer
leukoplakia
pre-cancerous sore
oral cancer
symptoms
. sore that doesn't heal
. lump or white patch
. prolonged sore throat
. restricted movement of jaw/tongue
. feeling of something stuck in your throat
Is pain a symptom of oral cancer?
Nope
cold turkey
quitting all at once
taper method
quitting gradually
Ethanol (Ethyl)
. "grain"
. human consumption
methanol (methyl)
. "wood"
. cleaning products
isopropyl
. "rubbing"
butyl
. film developing
denatured
flammable
Is alcohol a depressant or a stimulant?
Depressant
What are the 3 types of alcoholic beverage?
1) beer
2) wine
3) hard liqour
proof
twice the alcohol percentage
Beer - serving size
% of alcohol
how it's made
12 oz
5%
brewed
Wine- serving size
% of alcohol
how it's made
5 oz
12%
fermented
Liqour - serving size
% of alcohol
how it's made
1.5 oz
40%
distilled
Where does alcohol go once it's been consumed?
. 20% foes through stomach
. 80% goes through small intestine
How does alcohol affect the brain?
. judgement, memory, learning ability and coordination are impaired
. unaware of surroundings
. brains sends signals to the wrong places
. affects sex glands and could cause death
How does alcohol affect the stomach and intestines?
. irritates digestive tract
. causes vomitting and serious injury to digestive system
What affect does alcohol have on the liver?
. prolonged drinking makes liver inflamed and swollen
. cells die, which are replaced by replaced by fat cells
. can result in cirrhosis when liver's tissue degeneratees to scar tissue
What affect does alcohol have on bone tissue?
. deterioration of bone tissue
. reduction of bone mass called osteoporosis
What affect does alcohol have of the pancreas?
. pancreatitis, pancreas is inflamed resulting in severe abdominal pain, nausea and vomitting
. bleeding may occur
FAS
Fetal Alcohol Syndrom
. baby has 65 IQ average
At what BAL can death occur?
.5%
What is the legal limit for teens for BAL in PA?
.02%
What is the legal limit in PA for DUI?
.08%
Alcoholism
a disease that becomes less and less sensative to the effects of alcohol as usage continues
4 Classifications of Drinkers
1) abstrainers (don't drink)
2) light drinkers
3) moderate drinkers
4. heavy drinkers
drug use
. taking a drug for its medically intended purpose and in the appropriate amount
drug misuse
taking a drug for its medically intended purpose but not the appropriateamount, frequency, strength or manner
drug abuse
deliberate taking of a drug for other than medical purposes
Inhalents - How is it taken
classification
sort term effects
long term effects
. inhaled
. loss of inhibitions, conciousness, "high", suffication, heart failure, slow reaction time
. weight loss, blood/nerve/liver/hearing damage, fatigue
Marijuana
. mix of leaves that comes from the hemp plant
. smoked
. momory loss, bad senses, bad problem solving, anxiety, heart rate
. immune system problems, cancer, lung problems
Cocaine/Crack
. comes from coco plant and is a stimulent
. inhaled, injected
. overly happy, reduced appetite, anxiety, paranioa, dialated pupils, temperature
. heart attack, lung problems
Heroin
. from poppy plant and is a depressant
. smoked, injected
. euphoria, cloudy thoughts, flushed skin, dry mouth
. collapsed viens, liver disease, lung problems
Hallucinogens
. stimulants that cause the user to hallucinate
. orally (most common), injection, inhale
. dialated pupils, increased body temperature and heart rate and blood pressure, sweat
. flashbacks, paranioa
Steroids
. makes you produce testosterone
. injection, oral
. acne, hari loss, weight issues, bladder problems, bad sex life
What are the female horomones called?
Estrogen and progestrone
What is the sugar pill called?
Pleceban
Snuff
powdery substance made from ground tabacco
chronic bronchitis
reoccurring exess amounts of mucous secretion by the broncial tree
Most popular cigarette company
Marlboro
blackout
still functioning, but doesn't remember anything
What plant does marajuana come from?
Cannabis plant
What are withdrawl symptoms assosiated with alcoholism?
Delirilemtremens