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76 Cards in this Set

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Narcotics
drugs taken to bring on sleep or make you lose feeling
examples of narcotics
opium, prohpine, heroine, codine, synthetic opiats
barbiturates
seditive-puts you to sleep-hypnotics
tranquilizers
reduces muscle coordination and mental alertness-very addicting-made to decrease barbituits
depressants
slows down your nervous system
ex. stimulants, barbiturates, tranquilizers, cocaine
hallucinogens
drugs that produce imaginary visions
ex. peyote, mescilin, PCP, LSD< marijuana
inhalants
things you inhale
designer drugs
rohypnol (roofies), GHB, ketamine (special k), ex
-man made
cannabis
marijuana-THC
amphetamines
used to decrease mild depression
uused in diet pills
tactile hallucinations
feeling hallucination
LSD
hallucinogen clear and odorless, fat soluble
withdrawal
restlessmess, anxiety, increaed heart rate, weight loss, vomitting
side effects of steroids
violent and aggressive behavior, increased body hair, deeper voice, females lose period nad boobs
sperm
male reproductive cell
ovaries
two glands that contain immature egg cells
fertilization
the joining of egg and sperm in falopian tube
herpes
STD
HIV
human immunodefieincy virus
destroys t-cells in white blood cells
cowpers gland
produces a fluid that clenses the urethra beffore ejaculation
calendar methods for protection
days 12-16
seminal vesicles
helps provide more fluid for the sperm
pituitary gland
located at the base of the brain in females and males-produces hormones
prostate gland
gland in males that adds the fluid to the semen
estrogen
female hormone
amniocentesis
test to see if your baby has problems
tubal ligation
getting your tubes tied
ovulation
when an ovary releases a mature egg into the fallopian tube, fertilization takes place
obstetrician
takes care of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the recuperative period following delivery.
treatment for gonorrhea and syhilis
antibiotics
treatment for generital warts
burn off, chemicals, lasers
ultrasound or sonogram
An image, as of an unborn fetus or an internal body organ
seminiferous tubules
the part of the testicle where the sperm is produced
testosterone
male hormone
adrenaline
gives yaaa that rushhhhhhh
progesterone
femalehormone
protein
the class of nutrients that play an important role in growth and repair of body tissues and is a source of energy
carbohydrates
energy yielding nutrient
-simple and complez
fats
needed in diet for many body functions
1. saturated (solid)
2. unsaturated (liquid)
minerals
work with vitamins to help enzymes, hormones, and structure tissue, water is most important
calories
unit used to measure the amount of energy when nutruents are burned
vit. a
necessary for growth and repair of tissue- important to health of eyes
vit. c
gelps geal wounds, scar tissue, and frature, maybe provide resistance to infection
fat soluble
vitamins broken down by the fat in the body and can be stored in the fat of the body
water soluble
the water in the body breaks ddown these vitamines, they are not stored, whatever is not used is expelled in urine
amino acids
one of about 20 different chemical substances that make up proteins
stressers
something that initiates stress
distress
negative or unwanted stress
eustress
positive stress
phobia
unrealistic fear that disrupts your normal routine
id
concerned with basic primitive uncivilized and unhibited drives
psychosis
functional disorder where a person is so distored that they cant function properly in teh environment
neurosis
disorder where anxiety or fear prevents a person from functioning effectively in day to day living
ex. paranoia, hypochondria, anorexia, dpression, suicide
Maslow
hierarchy of needs-hwat people need to have good mental health
1. top-self actualization-rarely met
2. esthetic-beauty-explore-understand
3. emotional-love
4. physical-food water shelter safety
Freud
people are controlled by the onconscious mind, they can react in 2 ways: 1. environment 2. themselves
id, ego, superego
defense mechanisms
1. denial
2. escape or fantasy
3. rationaliztion (excuse)
4. projection-blame others
5. repression-block out thoughts
6. identification-follow a role model
7. displacement-express feelings
8. compensation-make up for something you dont have
9. sublimation-transforming unacceptable behavior unto acceptable one
10. regression-retreating to an earlier time that is less threatening
phobias:
auro-heights
aria-flying
zoo-animals
biblio-books
bronta-thunder
pyro-fire
agor-outdoors
self directed ways to handle stress
1. set goals nad objectives
2. recreation-relaxing
3. exercise
stages of grieving
1. denial
2. anger
3. bargaining
4. depression
5. acceptance
type a personality
rushed, uptight, etc
type b personality
laid back, not rushed
ethyl alcohol
drinking alcohol
a. fermented
b. distilled
methyl alcohol
wood alcohol-used in fuel and cleaning solvents
use
consuming alcohol in an approrpiate manner- 1-2 drinks every 1-2 hours
misuse
occasionally drinking in an inappropriate manner once or twice a week, going out to get drunk
abuse
uncontrollable and continuous misuse of alcohol, addicted, road to alcoholism
alveoli
air sacs in the lungs
carcinogen
cancer causing agent
emphysema/chronic bronchitis
get from smoking
what factors affect how alcohol affects your body
1. body weight
2. eating
3. tolerance
4. time period
5. type of drink
6. mood youre in
7. place you drink
alcohol groups
1. AA
2. alanon-family members
3. Alateen-alcoholic teens
4. alatot-children of alcoholic
tar
dark, sticky substance in tobacco that causes cancer
radioactive element in cigs
polenium
how to determine proof and amount of alcohol
proof= percentage times two
therapies to get off alcohol
1. aversion-pill and drink and makes you throw up
2. detox
3. psychotherapy
alcohol is what type of drug?
depressant