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113 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being
health
an overall state of well-being/total health
wellness
the providing of accurate health information to help people make healthy choices
health education
nationwide health promotion and disease prevention plan designed to serve as a guide for improvint the health of all people in the United States
Healthy People 2010
a person's capacity to learn about and understand basic health information and services and use these resources to promote his or her health and wellness
health literacy
all the traits that were biologically passed on to you from your parents
heredity
sum of your surroundings
environment
people of the same age who share similar interests
peers
collective beliefs, customs, and behaviors of a group
culture
various methods of communicating information
media
actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others
risk behaviors
related risks that increase in effect with each added risk
cumulative risks
avoiding harmful behaviors
abstinence
exchange of thoughts, feelings, and beliefs between two or more people
interpersonal communication
specific tools and strategies that help you maintain, protect, and improve all aspects of your health
health skills
communication strategies that can help you say no when you are urged to take part in behaviors that are unsafe or unhealthful
refusal skills
process of ending a conflict through cooperation and problem solving
conflict resolution
ways to deal with or overcome the negative effects of stress
stress management
taking action to influence others to address a health-related concern or to support a health related belief
advocacy
steps that enable you to make a healthful decision
decision-making skills
goal that can be reached in a short period of time
short-term goal
goal you plan to reach over an extended period of time
long-term goal
multistep strategy to identify and achieve your goals
action plan
those distinctive qualities that describe how a person thinks, feels, and behaves
characteristics
someone whose success or behavior serves as an example for others
role model
anyone who purchases or uses health products or services
health consumer
written or spoken media message designed to interest consumers in purchasing a product or service
advertising
method of judging the benefits of different products by comparins several factors
comparison shopping
a company or store's written agreement to repair a product or refund your money should the product not function properly
warranty
using the internet to buy products and services
online shopping
all the medical care available to a nation's people, the way they receive care, and the method of payment
health care system
medical doctors who provide physical checkups and general care
primary care physicians
medical doctors trained to handle particular kinds of patients or medical conditions
specialists
actions that prevent the onset of disease or injury
preventative care
plan in which private companies or government programs pay for part or all of a person's medical costs
health insurance
complete and comprehensive information about your immunizations and any health problems you have had up to date
medical history
sale of worthless products or services that claim to prevent diseases or cure other health problems
health fraud
deliberate deceit or trickery
fraud
failure by a health professional to meet accepted standards
malpractice
people or groups whose sole purpose is to take on regional, national, and even international consumer issues
consumer advocates
community-wide effort to monitor and promote the welfare of the population
public health
scientific study of patterns of disease in a population
epidemiology
any form of movement that causes your body to use energy
physical activity
the ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands
physical fitness
a way of life that involves little physical activity
sedentary lifestyle
condition characterized by a decrease in bone density, producing porous and fragile bones
osteoporosis
process by which your body gets energy from food
metabolism
ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to utilize and send fuel and oxygen to the boyd's tissues during long periods of moderate-to-vigorous activity
cardiorespiratory endurance
amount of force a muscle can exert
muscular strength
ability of muscles to perform physical tasks over a period of time without becoming fatigued
muscular endurance
ability to move a body part through a full range of motion
flexibility
ratio of body fat to lean body tissue, including muscle, bone, water, and connective tissue such as ligaments, cartilage, and tendons
body composition
purposeful physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive and that improves or maintains personal fitness
exercise
any activity that uses large muscle groups, is rhythmic in nature, and can be maintained continuously for at least 10 min. three times a day or for 20-30 min. at one time
aerobic exercise
intense short bursts of activity in which the muscles work so hard that they produce energy without using oxygen
anaerobic exercise
working the body harder than it is normally worked
overload
gradual increas in overload necessary to achieve higher levels of fitness
progression
particular exercises and activities improve particular areas of health related fitness
specificity
activity that prepares the muscles for work
warm-up
the part of an exercise program when the activity is performed at its highest peak
workout
frequency, intensity, time/duration, & type of activity
f.i.t.t.
activity that prepares the muscles to return to a resting state
cool-down
number of times your heart beats in one minute when you are not active
resting heart rate
program of formalized physical preparation for involvement in a sport or other physical activity
training program
taking in fluids so that the body functions properly
hydration
synthetic substances that are similar to the male hormone testosterone
anabolic steroids
search or check for diseases or disorders that an individual would otherwise not have knowledge of or seek help for
health screening
overworking the body
overexertion
muscle spasms that result from a loss of large amounts of salt and water through perspiration
heat cramps
condition in which the body loses the ability to rid itself of excessive heat through perspiration
heatstroke
condition that results when body tissues become frozen
frostbite
condition in which body temperature becomes dangerously low
hypothermia
spasm or sudden tightening of a muscle
muscle cramp
condition resulting from damaging the muscle or tendon
strain
injury to the ligament surrounding a joint
sprain
process by which the body takes in and uses food
nutrition
units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body
calories
substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy
nutrients
natural physical drive that protects you from starvation
hunger
desire, rather than need, to eat
appetite
the starches and sugars present in foods
carbohydrates
indigestible complex carbohydrate
fiber
nutrients that help build and maintain body cells and tissues
proteins
fatty substance that does not dissolve in water
lipid
compounds that help regulate many vital body processes, including the digestion, absorption, and metabolism of other nutrients
vitamins
substances that the body cannot manufacture but that are needed for forming healthy bones and teeth and for regulating many vital body processes
minerals
set of recommendations for healthful eating and active living
Dietary Guidelines for Americans
a guide for making healthful food choices
Food Guide Pyramid
substances intentionally added to food to produce a desired effect
food additives
condition in which the body's immune system reacts to substances in some foods
food allergy
negative reaction to a food or part of food caused by a metabolic problem, such as the inability to digest parts of foods
intolerance
food poisoning
foodborne illness
the process of treating a stubstance with heat to destroy or slow the growth of pathogens
pasteurization
spreading of bacteria or other pathogens from one food to another
cross-contamination
the way you see your body
body image
a ratio that allows you to assess your body size in relation to your height and weight
body mass index
(bmx)
condition in which a person is heavier than the standard weight range for his or her height
overweight
refers specifically to having an excess amount of body fat
obesity
condition in which a person is less than the standard weight range for his or her height
underweight
foods that are high in nutrients as compared with their calorie content
nutrient-dense foods
weight loss plans that are popular for only a short time
fad diets
the repeated pattern of loss and regain of body weight
weight cycling
extreme, harmful eating behavior that can cause serious illness or death
eating disorder
disorder in which the irrational fear of becoming obese results in severe weight loss from self-imposed starvation
anorexia nervosa
disorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating
bulimia nervosa
disorder characterized by compulsive overeating
binge eating disorder
minerals that help maintain the body's fluid balance
electrolytes
restoring lost body fluids
rehydration
person who eats mostly or only plant foods
vegetarian
vegetarians who eat only plant foods
vegans
non-food form of one or more nutrients
dietary supplement
a very large amount of a dietary supplement
megadose
chemical substance from plants that may be sold as a dietary supplement
herbal supplement