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87 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
diabetes
the body's inabilty to regulate sugar metabolism
fad
intrest lasts for a short time then lose enthusiathism and stop
media
the newspaper, magazine, tv, and radio
physical fitness
able to carry out daily tasks without undue fatigue, handle emergency situstions, and posses suffficent energy to enjoy leisure time pursuits
health risk factors
factors accosiated with disease, disablity, and premature death
inactivity
lack of physical activity and excercise
obesity
excessive deposits of fat on the body
cholesterol
a waxy fat like substance found in animal tissue
body image
the way one sees oneself physically
wellness
term used to describe one's commitment to live a healthy and sctive life style
personal fitness program
a plan designed to help you select programs activites to improve your lifestyle
five effects toward physical fitness
-lack of inactivity
-past experience on fitness tests
-past experience in sports
-heredity
-media
thing you can control in heath risk factors
inactivity, obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, stress & tension, smoking
things you can not control in health risk factors
gender, heredity, age
benifits of excercise
improved...appearance, body image, self-control, enjoyment of life, helath, muscules, energy level, physical preformance, sleep better, increase life expectancy, more success in school or job
pre-assesment considerations
height, wieght, resting pulse, current fitness, previous involvement in fitness, current health, past medical
skill- related fitness
componets of physical fitness that contribute to the ability to successfully participate in sports
health related fitness
componets of physical fitness that cintribute to how well the systems of the body operate
flexibility
the range of movement possible at various joints
cardiovascular fitness
ability of the heart, blood vessels, and respiratory system to supply oxygen and nutrients to the muscles during excercise
muscular streght
ability of muscles to exert force one time
muscular endurance
ability to use muscules for a long period of time
body composition
rate of fat to muscle, bone and other body tissues
bmi
provides an indication of the appropriateness of your weight to your height
agility
ability to change the position of the bpdy and to control the movement of the whole body
balence
ability to keep an upright posture while standing or moving
power
aility to do strength preformances at rapid pace
reaction time-
amount of time it takes to get moving once the sensessignal the need to move
coordination
integration of eye, hand and foot movements
speed
ability to cover a distance in a short time
norm- referenced tests
physical fitness tests that use norms to indicate fitness levels
criterion- referenced tests
physical fitness tests that use specific standards to judge fitness levels
health realated fitness standards
satisfactory levels of flexibilty, cardiovascular fitness, muscular strenght and endurance, and bofy comp neede for good helath.
health rel;ated fitness 5
flexibility, cardiovascular, muscular strenghth. muscular endurance, body comp
skill related fitness
components of physical fitness that contribute to the ability to successfully participate in sports
skill related fitness 6
agility, balence, power, reaction time, coordination, speed
hypertherthermia
an n crease in body temperature with a reduction of body fluids
heat cramps
heat- related problem in whuich certain muscules contract involuntarily and ause pain...thirst, chills, clammy skin, throbbing heary, nausea
heat exhustion
condition characterized by profuse sweating, dizziness, and extreme weakness, headache, no saliva
heat stroke
medical emergency characterized by hot, and dry skin and a rising body temp, no sweat, no urine, hallucinayions, deafness, unsteady walking.
hyperthermia
excessive decline in body temperature
warm-up
a 10 to 15 minute period to prepare your body for vigorous acvtivity
cool-down
a 10 to fifteen minute period uring which the body returns to normal heart rate
shin splint
an inflammation of the membrane on the front of the bones in the lower leg
diaphragm
a large muscle in the upper abdomen
stich in the side
sharp pain in the side just under the ribs
what to wear
good shoes, soks, light colored and breathable material shirts, loose shorts
precautions in cold weather
thermal under and outer wear, layers, gloves, hat ect..., wear water resistant outerwaer
saftey precautions
do not excricse when injured or ill, start back slowly, eat light meals beforehand, avoid polluted areas, and dog territory, exercse in groups
doms
delayed on set soeness
joint
point at which 2 bones come together
ligament
strong fiborus tissue that anchor muscles to bone to another
tendon
maety tissue surrounding bones
tendon
soft tissues that ancor muscles to bones
statis treaching
slowly moving a muscle to its streching point and holding the position for 15 seconds
dynamic streching
streching done in continous, slow, and controlledmanner
balliastic streching
strching that involes bobbong, bounceing, or jerky movements which use the body's momentum
isostatic streching
form of streachin in which a partne pushes the body beyond the initial limit
type of joints
pivot, gliding, hinge, and ball and socket
static
slowly move muscles to straching point
fit
frequency- number of times per week
intensity- distance the muscles is streched
time- time of that workout session
principal of progression
gradually increasing overload by increaseing frequency, intensity, or time of the excercise
principal of specificity
doing specific activities to bulid specific parts of fitness
overload
impproving fitness by doining more excerise than you usually do
miol of crotna
lifted a cow
atrophy
thw wasteing away or decrease or a bone or muscle
slow-twich fiber
found in endurance marothon runners
intermidiate
people who have both fast and slow twich fiibers
fast twich fiber
sprinter
concentric
shortening of a muscle due to contraction also called positive work
joint
point at which 2 bones come together
ligament
strong fiborus tissue that anchor muscles to bone to another
tendon
maety tissue surrounding bones
tendon
soft tissues that ancor muscles to bones
statis treaching
slowly moving a muscle to its streching point and holding the position for 15 seconds
dynamic streching
streching done in continous, slow, and controlledmanner
balliastic streching
strching that involes bobbong, bounceing, or jerky movements which use the body's momentum
isostatic streching
form of streachin in which a partne pushes the body beyond the initial limit
type of joints
pivot, gliding, hinge, and ball and socket
static
slowly move muscles to straching point
isometric
excersize in which one contracts muscles but does not move body parts
isotonic excercise
excerscisein which a muscle lenghthens and shortens through its full range of movement while owering and raiseing a resistance
isokinetic exersice
uses a special machine, that allow maximum resistance
rep
the completion of a single or full range of movement
resistance
working against a force
set
a group of reps preformed one afte the other
weight training considerations
keep wieght cloe to body, feet sholder width apart, straight back