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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is health?
physical, mental, emotional, social, spiritual, and vocational

influenced by personal, behavioral, and environmental variables that change quickly
What is a risk?
Any action that threatens health
What are the 6 risky behaviors?
Poor Physical Activity
Alcohol and Other Drugs
Injuries
Nutrition
Tobacco
Sexual Bhaviors (STDs and Pregnancy)
What is the difference between unintentional and intentional injuries?
Unintentional - MVA, fires, drowning, falls, bicycle accidents


Intentional - domestic violence, child abuse, bullying and fighting
Depression vs. Bipolar
Major depression - interfere with normal functions (5 or more w/in 2 weeks)

Dysthymia - long-term, less severe

Bipolar illness - manic and depressive cycles
Types of Eating Disorders
Anorexia - distorted perception (symptoms - resist maintaining body weight, intense fear of gaining weight, infrequent/absent menstruation (triad)

Bulimia - appear normal, but similar characteristics (symptoms - binge eating without control, recurrent compensatory behaviors (laxatives, diuretics, purging, fasting, or exercise)

Binge-Eating - same as bulimia without compensatory mechanism
Affective Disorder
Clinical depression - sad a lot
Bipolar disorder - manic depression
Seasonal affective disorder - seasonal depression (winter)
What is the difference between Dissociative Identity Disorder and Schizophrenia?
Dissociative Identity Disorder - the person is the ones who is changing, different personalities.

Schizophrenia - where their reality is skewed and they don't know what is real or not.
Types of Addiction
Drug
Eating Disorder
Exercise
Gambling
Nicotine
Perfectionism
Relationship
Sexual in nature
Shopping
Television
Thrill Seeking
Workaholism
Risks of anti-depression drugs in children
Suicidal thinking and behaviors are TWICE as likely
Hypochondria is a ___________ disorder
somatoform disorder
Immune System
Function - Removes harmful organisms from the blood and combats pathogens

Parts - tonsil, spleen, marrow and thymus

Spleen = an organ that filters foreign matter and stores blood components

Thymus = a gland that creates T cells from WBCs
Lymphatic System
Function - produces immune cells (lymhocytes), fliters pathogens and controls interstitial fluid.

Lymph = clear liquid that surrounds blody cells and circulates in lymph vessels

Lymph nodes = a filter structure that kills pathogens
Respiratory System
Function = Provides body cells with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide

Parts - pharynx, epiglottis, trachea, bronchi, lungs (bronchioles and aveoli {little grapes at end of bronchi})
Skeletal System
Function - Serves as a support framework, protects vital organs, works with muscles, and makes RBCs

Bone (206 total)
- periosteum (outer layer protecting bone)
- bone marrow (soft tissue in hollow center tha makes RBCs)

Cartilage (connective tissue that cusions bones)

Ligaments (connects bones together)

Tendon - muscle to bone
Muscular System
Voluntary and Involuntary muscles

3 types
- smooth
- cardiac
- skeletal

Tendons attach muscle to bones
Endocrine System
Glands that control bodys activities by producing hormones

Pituitary
Thyroid
Parathyroid
Pancreas
Adrenals
Ovaries
Testes
Digestive System
breaks down food into nutrients and allows absorption by body cells and waste elimination

mouth
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
liver
pancreas
large intestine
urinary system
removes liquid wastes from teh body and maintains the body's water balance

kidneys
ureters
bladder
urethra
Integumentary System
Covers and protects the body

skin (epidermis and dermis layers)
glands
hair
nails
Female Reproductive Health
ovaries
fallopian tubes
vagina
hymen
clitoris
cervix
Male Reproductive Health
penis
testes
epididymus
vas deferens
rostate gland
sperm
Vitamins (function and basic breakdown)
Function - Assists with body processes

Kcal value - 0

Types: water soluble and fat soluble
Carbohydrates (Function, Basic Breakdown, Calories per gram)
Function - instant energy

Kcal value - 4 Kcal/gram

Basic breakdown - glucose
Fats (Function, Basic Breakdown, Saturated verses unsaturated, Calories per gram)
Function - long term enery and storage
Basic breakdown - fatty acids
Kcal value - 9 Kcal/gram
Types:
Saturated (red meat, butter, whole milk)
Trans (crackers, cake, fried food)
Unsaturated (mono, poly, Omega 3)
Protein (Function, Basic Breakdown, Calories per gram)
Function - growth and repair

Kcal value - 4 Kcal/gram

Basic breakdown - amino acids
Nutrients
-protein
-fat
-carbohydrates
-water
-vitamins
-minerals