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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Surgery is defined as
that branch of medicince concerned wih disease and trauma requiring operative procedures.
an amputtation or excision of any part of the bodyb or removal of agrwoth or harmful substance.
palliative therapy
designed to relive or reduce intensity of unvomfortahble sypmptoms without cure.
perioperative nursing refers to the role of the nurse during the
preoperartive, intraoperative, and postoperative phase of a patients surgical experience.
during surgery
informed consent
permission obtainede from the patient to perform a specificic test or procedure before any procedure
incentive spirometry
is a procedure in which a device is used at the bedside at regular intervals to encourage the patient to breather deeply.
With venous blood slowing,
may form a thrombus
If a trhombus is dislodged, it can travel as an embolus
to the lungs and a heart or brain where the vessesl can be occluded.
Without adequate blood supply
and infract can occur
are cuts produced surgically by a sharp instrudmetn to create an opening into an organ or space in the body
means the abasence of feelings
Types of anesthesias
1.General anesthesia results in an immmoblile , quiet patient who does not recall the sur4gical procedure.
2. Regional anesthesia results in loss of sensation in ans area of the body.
3.Local anesthesia loss of sensation at the desired site
3.Conscious sedation, administering the central nervous system depressant drugs.
surgical asepsis
protection against infection before, during, or aftr srugery by the use of sterile technique
the emoval of fluids ofrom a body cavity, wound, or other source of discharge by one or omore methods.
sugbstances that have slowly seeped from cells or blood vessels through small pores or breaks in cell membranes
the process of removing e dotracneal tube from airway
the separation of a surgical incision or rupture o a wound closure, may incur 3days to over 2 weeks postoperatively
ill health, manlutrion, and wasting as a reuslt of chronic disease,
protrusion of an internal organ throuhg a would or surgical incision, especially in the abdominal wall
an abnormal condition characterized by the collapse of lund tissue or pneumoniz may be developing.
If peristalsis decreases or stops =Paralytic ileaus
a decrease in or absence of intestinal peristalsis that may occur after abdonminal surgery, [periteneal trauma; amd severe ,metabolic disease may have developed
How the paralytic ileus relieved?
NG suctioning to relieve the gas is done.
is a involuntary cotraction of the daphragm flooolwed by rapidd closure of the glottus. Must be followed due to it may be a sign of interenal bleeding or shock.
tissure breakdown, escecially after severe trauma or crus injuries.