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231 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the levels of the Goverment health agencies?
(1)international (2)national (3)state (4)local
Give a example of international health organization?
the World Health Organization
NAME
a example if the world health organzation
a international world health organization
How are the Govt Health organization funded
tax dollors
WHat is the purpose of the world health organization?
attainment by all peoples of the best possible level of health
NAME
attainment by all people of the best people level of health
world health orgnanization
What are the (6) core functions of the world health organizations?
(1)articulating consistent, ethical, and evidence based policy and advocacy possible (2)Assessing trends and comparing performance, setting agenda for and stimulating new research (3)catalying change through techinical and policy support (4)negotiating and sustaining global partnerships (5)Setting, validating, monitoring, and pursuing the proper implementation of norms and standards (6)development and testing of new technologies, tools, guidlines for disease control, risk reduction, health care mangement and service delivery
NAME
(1)articulating consistent, ethical, and evidence based policy and advocacy possible (2)Assessing trends and comparing performance, setting agenda for and stimulating new research (3)catalying change through techinical and policy support (4)negotiating and sustaining global partnerships (5)Setting, validating, monitoring, and pursuing the proper implementation of norms and standards (6)development and testing of new technologies, tools, guidlines for disease control, risk reduction, health care mangement and service delivery
World Health Organizations
Give a example of a national health agencies?
department of health and human services
NAME
a example if a department of health and human serivces
national health agencies
What is the department of health and human serivces?
prinicpial agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human serivices
NAME
prinicipial agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services
department of Health and human services
Give example of other national health agencies? (3)
(1)WIC (2)OSHA (3)EPA
NAME
examples include WIC, OSHA, and EPA
national health agencies
What does WIC stand for?
Women, infants, and children program
What does OSHA and stand for?
Occupational Safety Health Administration
What does EPA stand for?
Environmental protection agency
How ar the national health orgnizations organized?
Secretary
Deputy Secretarys
(1)director, intergovernmental Affairs and secretary's regional representatives (2)Chief of Staff-Executive Secretary
What does ACF stand for?
Administration for Children and Families
What does AoA stand for?
Administartion on Aging
What is the ACF?
responsible for providing directions and leadership for all federal programs for needy children and families
NAME
responsible for providing directions and leadership for all federal programs for needy children and families
ACF
What is the AoA?
supports a nationwide aging network, proividing services to the elderly, espically to enable them to remain independent (2)supports services and provides leadership on aging issues
NAME
supports a nationwide aging network, providing services to the elderly, espically to enable them to remain independent and supports services and provides leadership on aging services
AoA
What does CMS stand for?
centers for medicare and medicaid
What is the CMS?
administers the medicare and medicaid programs
NAME
administers the medicare and medicaid programs
CMS
NAME
provides health care coverage to about 75 million Americans
CMS
What does the AHRQ stand for?
the lead agency charged with supporting reseach designed to improve the qualilty of health care reduce, its costs, improve patient safety, decrease medical errors, and broaden access
NAME
is the lead agency charged with supporting research designed to improve the quaility of health care reduce, its costs improve patient safety, decrease medical errors, and broaden access
AHRQ
What does CDC stand for?
centers for disease control and prevention
What is the CDC?
serves as the national focus for devloping and applying disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion, and health education activities designed to improve the health of the people of the USA
NAME
serves as the national focus for devloping and applying disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion, and health education activities designed to improve the health of the people of the USA
CDC
What does ATSDR stand for?
agency for toxic substances and disease registry
What is the ATSDR?
working w states and other federal agencies to deal with the cleanup of hazardous substances in the environment
NAME
this agency is working with other federal agencies to deal with the cleanup of hazardous substances in the environment
ATSDR
What does the FDA stand for?
food and drug Adiminstration
What is the FDA?
thier mission is to promote and protect public health by helping safe and effective products reach the market in a timely way and by monitoring products for continued safety after they are in use
NAME
thier mission is to promote and protect public health by helping safe and effective products reach the market in a timely way and by monitoring products for contined safety faster after they use
FDA
What does the HRSA stand for?
health resources and services Administration
What is the HRSA? (2)
helps provide health resource for medically underserved populations (2)works to build the health care workforce
NAME
helps to provide health resource for medically underserved populations and works to build the health care workforce
HRSA
What does IHS stand for?
Indiain Health serice
What is the IHS?
provides comprehensive health service deilvery system to American indians and Alaska natives
NAME
provides comprehensive health service deilvery system to American indians and Alaska natives
IHS
What does NIH stand for?
National institutes of Health
What is the NIH?
the world's premeir medical research organiation, supporting research projects nationwide
NAME
the world's premier medical reserach organization, supporting research projects nationwide
NIH
What does SAMHSA stand for?
Substance Abuse and mental health services Administartion
What is SAMHSA?
ensures up to date info and state of the art practice is effectively used for the prevention and treatment of addictive and mental disorders
NAME
ensures up to date information and state of the art practice is effectively used for the preventation and treatment of addictive and mental disorders
SAMHSA
What are the 12 divisions of the department of health and human services?
(1)ACF (2)AoA (3)CMS (4)AHRQ (5)CDC (6)ATSDR (7)FDA (8)HRSA (9)IHS (10)NIH (11)SAMHSA (12)PSC
What is the PSC stand for?
program support center
What is the PSC?
provides qualitative and responsive administrative support services on a cost-effective, competitive, fee-for-service basis to HHS components and other federal agencies
What is the purpose of state health agencies?
to promote, protect, and maintain the health and welfare of thier citzens
NAME
thier purpose is to promote, protect, and maintain the health and welfare of thier citzens
state health agencies
What are the (3) core functions of the state health fair agencies?
(1)assesemnt (2)policy development (3)assurance
NAME
there there core functions are assesment, policy development, and assurance
state health fair agencies
What are some of the divisions of the health bureaus? (12)
(1)administration (2)communicalbe and chronic disease prevenation and control (3)vital health stastitcs (4)public health nursing (5)environmental health (6)health education or promotion (7)maternal and child health (8)mental health (9)occcupational and industrial health (10)lab services (11)health services (12)veterniary public health
Give examples of some local health agencies? (5)
(1)coordinated school health program (2)Quasi-govenmental organizations
Coordinated health prorgrams is a ex of a (1)
local health agency
NAME
is an organized set of policies, procedures, and actvities designed to protect, promote, and improve the health and well-being of students and staff thus improving the student's ability to learn
Coordinated Health program
What are some barriers to the coordinated health programs? (7)
(1)infsufficent local adminstrative support (2)inadequately preparted teachers (3)too few schools days to teach in a school year (4)inadequate funding (5)the lack of credibility of health education as an acadamic subject (6)insufficent community/parental support (7)concern for the teaching of controversial topics such as sex education
NAME
some are responisble for assigned by government but some operate more like a voluntary agency. are funded by tax dollors and opterate indepentdtly of goverenment supervision
Quasi-governmental organizations
Give exs of some Quasi-governmental organizations? (3)
(1)American red cross (2)national science foundation (3)national academy of sceinces
The american red cross, the national sceience foundation, and the national academy of sciences are exs of (1)
Quasi-governmental organizations
Whow funded the Red cross?
Clara Barton
NAME
was funded by Clara Barton
red cross
NAME
offical duties include relief of victims of natural diasasters and serve as a liason btwn memembers of the active military and their faimiles during emergenices
red cross
NAME
the purpose is for the funding and promotion of scientfic research and development of individual sceintists
national science foundation
NAME
created by concerned citzens to deal with a health need not met by governmental health agencies
voluntary health agencies
NAME
their purpose includes to raise money to fund programs, provide education both to professionals and to the public, and provide services to those individuals and families that are affliceted w health problems
voluntary health agencies
What are someo the largest voluntary health agencies? (3)
american cancner society (2)American heart Association (3)American lung Asssociation
NAME
thier mission is to promote high standards of professional practice for thier specfic proffession
professional/health organizations and assocaitions
NAME
provides funding for research and programming
philantropic foundations
NAME
was a term coined by a American soical workers to 1800s to describe their coordination efforts for newly arrived immigrats and the poor
community organizing
NAME
a process through which the communites are helped to id common problems or goals, moblize resources, and in other ways develop and implement stategies for reaching thier goals they have collectivly set"
community organizing
NAME
community charateritsics affecting the ability to id, moblize, and address problems
community capacity
NAME
a process involing people in institutions or descions that affect thier lives
community particaption
NAME
one in which indivduals and organizations apply thier skills and resources in collective efforts to meet thier respective needs
empowered community
what are (7) assumptions of community organization?
(1)communities of the people can develop the capacity to deal w thier own problems (2)people want to change and can change (3)people should participate in making, adjusting, or controling the major changes taking place in thier community (4)changes in the community living that are self-imposed or self-developed have a meaning and permance that imposed changes do not have (5)a "holistic approach" can deal w succesfully w problems which a fragmented approach cannot cope (6)deomcracy requires cooperative participation and action in the affairs of the community and people most learn the skills that make this possible (7)Frequently, communites of people need help in organizing to deal w thier needs, just as many individuals require help w indivudal problems
NAME
is a broad self-help method in which local citzens develop new skills and become more self-sufficent
locaility development
NAME
utlizes skilled volunteers in the community in a techincal process of problem solving
social planning
NAME
a technique that involves the redistribution of power and resources to disavantaged segments of the population
social action
What are the four steps for creating community organization?
(1)implementing (2)evluating (3)maintaing (4)looping back
What are some questions that need to be asked after the needs assesment? (6)
(1)Who is the priority population? (2)what are the needs of the priorty population? (3)which subgroups wihtin the priority popultion have the greatest need? (4)where are the subgroups geographically located? (5)what is currently being done to resolve identified needs? (6)how well have the identiied needs been addressed in the past?
NAME
encompasses the health of women of childbearing age from pre-pregancy, through pregrancy, labor and delivory, and the postpartum period and the health of the child to birth through adolescence
maternal, infant, and child health
What are some things that are precursors to high mortaility rates of maternal, infants, and child health? (8)
(1)uniantened pregancies (2)lack of prenatel care (3)maternal druge use (4)low immunization rates (5)poverty (6)limited education (7)insufficent child care (8)lack of health care services in the community
How is the health of a nation judged?
by the health of its youngest memembers
The USA is ranked (1) in infant mortaility
28th
T or F
today children face different threats than past decades
true
NAME (include reference)
as a group of two people or more
family according to the US census bureau
NAME
is two or more persons who are joined together by bonds of sharing and emotional closeness and who identify themselves as being part of the familiy
Friedman's defintion of a faimily
NAME
a marriage or having two partents, serve as an important family characertistic in relation to a child's wellbeing
def of family from a community health prospective
There is (1) health risks for infants and childern who are raised by single partents
increased
What are some of the increased risks for childern w single parents? (4)
(1)adverse birth outcomes (2)low birth rates (3)increase of infant mortality (4)children living in poverty
What are some of the health risks of teenage pregrancy? (4)
(1)more likely to divocre (2)less likley to receive an adequate education (3)greater incidence of infant low birth weight and prematurity and higher mortailty rates (4)live in poverty
NAME
is the process of determing the preferred number and spacing of children in one's family and choosing the appropiate means to the achieve this preference
familty planning
What was the title of the case that got Abortion to be legal?
Roe vs Wade
T or F
the number of deaths from illegal abortion has declined
true
T or F
the number of legal abortion has started to decline
true
NAME
is the health of women in the childbearing years
maternal health
NAME
is the death of a woman while pregrant or within 42 days of erimination of pregnancy
maternal health
What does FMLA stand for?
family and medical leave act
What are some advocates for children ? (3)
(1)children defense fund (2)united Nations Childern's fund (3)American Academy of pediactrics
NAME
refers to 15-25 years of age
adolesecent
NAME
refers to 25-64 years of age
adults
What are the most productive years of life?
15-64 years
NAME
this age group is the future of our country
Adolescents
What are the two subgroups of adolesecents/
(1)puberty to matuirty (2)young adults
NAME
faces homronal changes, physical maturation, and frequent opportunites to engage in risk behavior
puberty maturity
NAME
face many physical, emotional, and educational changes
young adults
NAME
this stage of life is most diffuclt do to increased freedom, acess to health compromisng substances and experiences, lifestyle changes, and is a critical stage in developing good health knowdlege and habits
critical time period of young adults and adolescents
T or F
many adolesecent and young adults live in single partent/guardians homes which have contributed to the high divorce rate in the country
true
young females particpating in the workforce has (1)
increased
T or F
unemployment rates do not vary significtantly by race and eithinicty
false
What affects access to health care?
employment status
NAME
is the third leading cause of death
sucides
Sucides rates are singifcatly (1) for females than males
lower
Females attempet sucide (1) often as males
twice as much
What are some of the top morbidity for young adults? (2)
(1)measles (2)STDS
Young adults are (1) to have multiple sexual partners than any other group
more likley
Youg adults are (1) likely to have unprotected sex when compared to other groups
more
Young adults are (1) likely for women to choose sexual partners that are older than them
more
NAME
this disease is extermely severe for yound adults
measles
What are some behaviors of young adults that contribure to unitenteional injury? (3)
(1)not using seat belt (2)not using hemelt (3)riding a car w a intoxicated driver
What is a major problem w young adults?
dealing w alcholol and majarana
T or F
the teenage pregrancy rates are twice as high as england, France, and Canda
true
What are some health behevhiors and lifestyle choices for young adults? (2)
(1)lack of physical acivitiy (2)overweight control
NAME
represents have of the US population
adults
NAME
the overall death rate of this pop is improving
adults
What are some mortailty issues that adults are dealing w? (3)
(1)cancer (2)cadiovascular disease (3)chronic disease
What are some common choices that adults make? (4)
(1)smoking (2)lack of excerise (3)alcholo consumption (4)weight
What are some risk factors for chronic disease? (4)
(1)smoking (2)lack of excerise (3)alcholol consumption (4)body wieght
What are some things that adults need to be awared about and screened for? (3)
(1)hypertension (2)diabtes (3)cholestrol
What are some strategies for improving the health of adults?(3)
(1)primary prevention programs such as excerise and nutrion(2)secoundary prevention such as clincal screening (3)teritary prevention such as medication compliance
American pop is growing (1)
older
(1) is and will always be a relative concept
age
NAME
is a state of being old
aged
NAME
changes that ocur as living things grow older
aging
NAME
study of aging from the broadest prospective
gerontology
NAME
medical practice speacilzing in the treatment of the aged
geriatrics
T or F
after the age of 65, life goes downhill
false
T or F
all old people are alike
false
T or F
there are more differences amoung seniors than amoung any other segments of the US population
true
T or F
seniors are the least likley to be lonely of any age group
true
T or F
senility only affects about 5 percent of seniors living in noninstitutional settings
true
What are some factors that affect pop and age? (3)
(1)feritliy rate (2)mortaility rate (3)migration and net migration
NAME
is a compration btwn soceity's unproductive and productive individuals
support ratio
NAME
is based on the number of who are actually working
labor-force support ratio
T or F
Older people who live alone are more likley to live in poverty than those who dont
true
Where do most of the elderly people live?
one third live in Southern states
How are the incomes of elderly people broken up? (5)
(1)S.S-38% (2)earnings-21% (3)Pensions-19% (4)Assests-19% (5)Other-3%
What are some housing needs of elderly people? (4)
(1)needs repair (2)less likley to have central heating or air conditioning (3)less likley to have telephone (4)live in older homes that are of leser value
What are some chronic conditions and impairments that eldrely people have to deal w ? (4)
(1)hypertension (2)arthritis (3)heart disease (4)diabetes (5)emphysema (4)sensory and motor impariments
Elder when compared to thier younger parts are less likley to (2)
(1)consume large amounts of alcholol (2)smoke (3)be overwieght
What are some needs of the elders? (4)
(1)income (2)housing (3)personal care (4)health care
NAME
operationalizes race and ethicnity
US office of mangement and Budget
What are some limitations of health data sources? (4)
(1)gaps in info system (2)bias analyis (3)self-reported data (4)reliability
NAME
is the secound larges minority group
black americans
NAME
has low average education level and the lowest median income
Black Americans
What are some major community health problems for Black Americans? (4)
(1)infant mortailiy (2)sickle cell disease (3)HIV/AIDS (4)violent deaths
NAME
is the fastes growing ethinic population in the USA
Asian/Pacifc islanders
NAME
high school completion and income are highest amoung the ethinic groups
ASian/Island Pacficers
NAME
are economically disadvantaged, have poor health status, have a high povery rate, and low high school completion rate
Native Americans and Alaskan natives
What is the number 1 health problem of Native Americans?
alcholol abuse
What health care do Native Americans have?
Indian health service
What are 4 goals of the Indian health services?
(1)assist indian tribes in developing health programs (2)faciliate and assist indian tribes in coordinating health resources (3)provide comprhensive health care serivces (4)serve as federal advocate
NAME
are people who flee thier homes from danger
refugees
NAME
people who were not born in a particular country
aliens
NAME
entered a country w/out permissions
illegal aliens
NAME
a set of congruent behaviors, attidues, and polieces that come together in a system, agency or amoung work in cross-cultural situations
cultural competence
What are (2) new emerging drugs?
(1)Vicodin (2)oxyContin
What are some health concerns w drugs? (8)
(1)abuse (2)trafic fatatilites (3)murders (4)manslaughter charges (5)drownings (6)rapes (7)assaults (8)sucides
NAME
is a substance,other than food taht, when taken in small quantitives, alter's one physical, mental, or emotional state
drugs
NAME
alters sensory perceptions, mood, thought process, or behavior
psychoactive drugs
NAME
inappropriate use of prescription or nonprescription drugs
drug misuse
NAME
taking of a drug for non-medically aproved purposes
drug abuse
NAME
cont use of a legal drug w the konwoledge that it is hazardous to ones health
drug abuse
NAME
when one believes that a particular drug is necessary for normal function
drug dependence
NAME
factors that increase the probality of drug use
risk factors
NAME
factors that decrease the probaility of drug use
protective factors
NAME
genetic and biological risk factors
inherited risk factors
NAME
is the number 1 problem drug in USA
alcholol
NAME
can be purchased w/out a doctors prescirtoion
OTC
What does OTC stand for?
over the counter drugs
NAME
is the most abused illict drug and amotivational syndrom
marijuana
NAME
this type of drug numbs the senses and reduces pain and produce tolerance and physical tolerance. furthermore, injection users have a high risk for HIV
Narcotics
NAME
is a potent stimulant
cocaine
What are some hallucinogens? (3)
(1)LSD (2)Mescaline (3)Psilocybin
What are the types of illict drugs abused? (5)
(1)stimulants (2)depresants (3)designer drugs (4)anabolic drugs (5)inhalents
NAME
include ampthetamine, mathamphetamine, and methcathinone
stimulants
NAME
include barbiturates, benxodiazepines, and methaqualone
depressants
How do u prevent drug abuse a primary level? (2)
aimed at those who have never used drugs (2)the goal is to prevent thier initatuion of drugs
How do u prevent drug abuse at a secondary level?
seeks to reach those who have began drug usage and are not chronic drug abusers
How do u prevent drug abuse at a tertiary level?
designed to proveide treatment for abuse and aftercare
What are four elements of prevention?
(1)drug use education (2)treatment (3)public policy (4)law enforcement
What is a new federal agency that helps to stop drugs?
new federal agency
What are some volunatray health agencies agaist drugs?
(1)mothers against drunk drivers (2)Alchoolics Anonymous (3)American Cancer Society
What are some biological hazards to the environment? (3)
(1)insect (2)micorbiological (3)vegetation
What are some pshycholical hazards to the envirnoment? (4)
(1)stress (2)boredom (3)anixety (4)fear
What are some socilogical hazards to the environment?
(1)overcrowdings (2)isolation (3)war
What are some contributing factors to residues and wastes from humans? (4)
(1)urbanization (2)industrialization (3)human population growth (4)producation and use of dispoble products
What are some types of wastes and pollutions? (5)
(1)solid wastes (2)hazardous wastes (3)water and its pollution (4)radiation (5)noise pollution
What are some ways to get rid of waste? (4)
(1)sanitary landfills (2)combustion (3)recycling (4)source reducation
NAME
is a product that may cause or contribute to an increase in the mortaility or to an increase in serious, irreversible, or incapactiating reversible illness
hazardous waste
NAME
pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or enivornment when improperly treated, stored,transported, or disposed of or otherwise managned
hazardous waste
What are some ways to manage hazardous waste? (5)
(1)secured landfill (2)deep well injection (3)incineration of waste (4)recylcing or neutralization (5)source reduction
What are two sources of water pollution?
(1)point source pollution (2)nonpoint source pollution
NAME
is a single identfiable source that discharge pollutants into the water
point source pollluation
NAME
all polluation that ocurs through runoff, seapage or falling of pollunatants into the water
nopoint source pollution
What are biolofical pollutants? (2)
(1)pathogens (2)overgrowth of aquatic plants
What are toxic pollutants? (3)
(1)inorganic chemicals (2)radioactive materials (3)synthetic organic chemicals
NAME
is radiation from the sun and outerspace
cosmic radiation
NAME
radiation from earth's minerals
terrestrial radiation
NAME
radiation instide the body from the body's ingestion
internal radiattion
NAME
is the study and management of environmental conidtions that affect the human health
Evironmental health
NAME
factors or conidtions in the environment that increase the risk of human injury, disease, or injury
environmental hazards
NAME
can be hazards associated with biological, chemical, physical, physiological, or sociological situations
environmental hazards
NAME
living organisms or thier products that increase the risk or disease of death in humans
biological hazards
NAME
the pratice of establishing and maintaining health and hygeienc conidtions in the environment
environmental sanitation
NAME
projects communities from biolgical hazards resulting from mismangement of waste water or solid waste
sanitary engineer
What are some water-borne diseases? (6)
(1)Poliovirus (2)amoebic dysentry (3)Heapatis A virus (4)Giardiasis (5)shigellois (6)Cholrea
What does WBDO stand for?
waterborne disease outbreak
NAME
is a outbreak that results from excessive levels of fluriode, copper, and nitrates
WBDO
What are two foodborne diseaseS?(2)
(1)salmonella (2)Clostriudm bollulinm
NAME
is the mismangement of chemical hazards
chemical hazards
NAME
this act allows states to provide grants to do the following screen infants for lead levels, ensure referral for medical and ennvironmental intervention, and provide a education to parents and childern about lead poisning
Comprenhensive environmental response
NAME
is a natural element found in most rock and soils that can cause lung cancer
radon contamintion
WHat are some issues w pop growth? (5)
(1)global warming (2)acid rain (3)deletion of the ozone (4)increased crime rates (5)epidemics
NAME
acute exposure to physical agents interacting with the body in amounts or at rates that exceed the thereshold of human tolerance
injury