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24 Cards in this Set

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first aid is _________ care given to an ill person until _________ can arrive
immediate/ temporary, professional medical care
3 ways to stay away from pathogens
1 Wear gloves 2 wash hands 3use mouthpiece
The first step in responding to an emergency
Recognizing
Common indicators of recognizing an emergency
Unusual sights, sounds, odors or behaviors
Three Cs
Check Call Care
Four types of wounds
Abrasion, Laceration, Puncture, avulsion
Abrasion
scraping knee, scrape against hard surface
Laceration
Knife cut, cut by sharp object
Puncture
small but deep
Avulsion
Serious gash
5 steps for severe bleeding
1. cover wound with gauze
2. Elevate above heart
3. cover gauze with bandage
4. pressure pt. bleeding control
5. call for help
Where are pressure pts?
Major arteries
First degree burn
Small red
Second degree burn
bubbly looking
Third degree burn
very deep
What does AED stand for?
Automated external defibrilator
What does CPR stand for?
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
ABC's of first aid
A= Airway B= breathing C= circulations
Shock
failure of the cardiovascular system to deliver adequate blood supply to vital organs
Strain
happens to a muscle
Sprain
happens to a ligament
RICE method
R=Rest
I=Ice
C=Compressions
E= Elevation
Fracture
happens to a bone
Concussion
injury to brain that affects normal functions