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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The collective term for various forms of diseases of the heart and blood vessels is
Cardiovascular disease
The part of the circulatory system governed by the right side of the heart pumping blood to and from the lungs is called
arteries that branch from the aorta and provide blood to the heart muscle itself are
type of blood fat that transports cholesterol from the liver to organs and tissues where it can block blood flow to the heart and brain is called
low density lipoprotein (LDL)
A form of cardiovascular disease in which the inner layers of artery walls become thick and irregular by plaque deposits is called
A change in the normal pattern of the heart beat is called
The condition in which the heart muscle does not receive enough blood, causing severe pain in the chest and often in the left arm and shoulder is called
angina pectoris
A cerebral vascular accident is another name for a
What is the name of the condition when the heart's pumping action becomes less efficient and fluid collects in the lungs or in other parts of the body?
congestive heart failure
The part of the circulatory system governed by the left side of the heart; the circulation of blood between the heart and the rest of the body
systemic circulation
The two upper chambers of the heart in which blood collects before passing to the ventricles; also called auricles.
The large vein through which blood is returned to the right atrium of the heart.
vena cava
The two lower chambers of the heart from which blood flows through arteries to the lungs and other parts of the body.
The large artery that receives blood from the left ventricle and distributes it to the body.
Contraction of the heart
Relaxation of the heart.
Vessels that carry blood to the heart
Vessels that carry blood away from the heart
A system of arteries branching from the aorta that provides blood to the heart muscle.
coronary arteries
Very small blood vessels that distribute blood to all parts of the body.
Microscopic disk-shaped cell fragments in the blood that disintegrate on contact with foreign objects and release chemicals that are necessary for the formation of blood clots.
Sustained abnormally high blood pressure.
A form of CVD in which the inner layers of artery walls are made thick and irregular by plaque deposits, arteries become narrow, and blood supply is reduced.
Blood fat that transports cholesterol from the liver to organs and tissues; excess is deposited on artery walls, where it can eventually block the flow of blood to the heart and brain; "bad" cholesterol.
low-density lipoproteins (LDL)
Blood fat that helps transport cholesterol out of the arteries and thus protects against heart diseases; "good" cholesterol.
high-density lipoproteins (HDL)
A measure of how the ingestion of a particular food affects blood glucose levels.
glycemic index
A deposit of fatty (and other) substances on the inner wall of the arteries.
Heart disease caused by atherosclerosis in the arteries that supply oxygen to the heart muscle; also called coronary artery disease.
coronary heart disease (CHD)
Damage to, or death of, heart muscle, sometimes resulting in a failure of the heart to deliver enough blood to the body; also known as myocardial infarction (MI).
heart attack
A clot in a coronary artery, often causing sudden death.
coronary thrombosis
A condition in which the heart muscle does not receive enough blood, causing severe pain in the chest and often in the left arm and shoulder.
angina pectoris
A change in the normal pattern of the heartbeat.
A nontraumatic, unexpected death from sudden cardiac arrest, most often due to arrhythmia; in most instances, victims have underlying heart disease.
sudden cardiac death
A technique involving mouth-to-mouth breathing and chest compression to keep oxygen flowing to the brain.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
A test to detect abnormalities by measuring the electrical activity in the heart.
electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
A computerized imaging technique that uses a strong magnetic field and radio frequency signals to examine a thin cross section of the body; also known as nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMR).
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A picture of the arterial system taken after injection of a dye that is opaque to x-rays; also called arteriogram.
A technique in which a catheter with a balloon on the tip is inserted into an artery; the balloon is then inflated at the point of obstruction in the artery, pressing the plaque against the artery wall to improve blood supply; also known as percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA).
balloon angioplasty
Surgery in which a vein is grafted from a point above to a point below an obstruction in a coronary artery, improving the blood supply to the heart.
coronary bypass surgery
An impeded blood supply to some part of the brain resulting in the destruction of brain cells; also called cerebrovascular accident.
Impeded blood supply to the brain caused by the obstruction of a blood vessel by a clot.
ischemic stroke
Impeded blood supply to the brain caused by the rupture of a blood vessel.
hemorrhagic stroke
A blood clot in a blood vessel that usually occurs at the point of its formation.
A blood clot that breaks off from its place of origin in a blood vessel and travels through the bloodstream.
A sac formed by a distention or dilation of the artery wall.
A small stroke; usually a temporary interruption of blood supply to the brain, causing numbness or difficulty with speech.
transient ischemic attack (TIA)
The use of computerized X-ray images to create a cross-sectional depiction (scan) of tissue density.
computed tomography (CT)
The accumulation of fluid in the lungs.
pulmonary edema
A condition resulting from the heart's inability to pump out all the blood that returns to it; blood backs up in the veins leading to the heart, causing an accumulation of fluid in various parts of the body.
congestive heart failure
A defect or malformation of the heart or its major blood vessels, present at birth.
congenital heart disease
An inherited condition in which there is an enlargement of the heart muscle, especially between the two ventricles.
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
A disease, mainly of children, characterized by fever, inflammation, and pain in the joints; often damages the heart muscle, a condition called rheumatic heart disease.
rheumatic fever
A condition in which the mitral valve "billows" out during ventricular contraction, possibly allowing leakage of blood from the left ventricle into the left atrium; often asymptomatic and usually requiring treatment only in cases of significant leakage.
mitral valve prolapse (MVP)
A collection of specialized cells in the right atrium that serves as the pacemaker of the heart.
sinus node
Cells lining the inside of arteries; these help regulate blood flow and prevent platelets from sticking.
endothelial cells
A group of chemically similar hormones and neurotransmitters that are active during the fight-or-flight response; includes epinephrine and norepinephrine.
Atherosclerosis in arteries in the legs (or less commonly, arms) that can impede blood flow and lead to pain, infection, and loss of the affected limb.
peripheral arterial disease (PAD)
Abnormal enlargement of an organ secondary to an increase in cell size.