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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Demographics Affecting Healthcare Delivery
Age (babyboomers now getting older, therefore more people will be 65 yrs or older: doubled).
Chroncity (longterm health problems more of an issue)
Access Issues
World Heath Organization (WHO)
Established 1948
Goal is to have people attain the highest level of health
It is the United Nations specialized agency for health
How they look at health: health is defined as state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
Major Focuses of WHO
1. Eradication//Elimination Programs
2. Reducing transmission and incidence of HIV/AIDS
3. Launching a "Role back Malaria" program
4. Stopping transmission of turbuculosis
5. increasing access to essential pharmaceuticals and reducing poor quality
6. preventing and treating iron deficieny
7. reducing maternal morbidity adn mortality
8. promoting healthful lifestyles for all age groups, inclduing elders
9. Establishing "health promoted schools"
Functions of WHO
provide technical support for sustainable health care systems and to advise members on strategies to meet their helath care needs
serves as catalyst to mobilize the resources of national governemnts, financial instiutions and endowments for health development
Prospective Payment Systems (PPS)
facilities (hopsitals) provide service to Medicare patients, and reimbursed using a fixed-rate system and receive incentives to reduce hospital stay
*If dr. discharges patient early then the DRG, hospital facility keeps the difference
Nurses are a patient advocate for health care.
Capitated Payment Systems
employees pay a flat rate to their employers to belong to a managed care organization (MCO). Supposed to decrease and lower costs but it ended up raising them because facilities were having to pay more money.
Quality Assurance
theory that clients go to higher quality known facilities, therefore the prime focus is meeting and exceeding expecations of the patients and health care consumers.
Nursing Shortage
Constantly changing
Direct link to accomplishing managed care
First to get budgeted from health care systems, which lowers quality of hospital, therefore lowers money coming into the hospital and increases health care costs
Effects of Nursing Shortage
Closing units because not enough nurses to treat patients
increased stress on nurse
increased costs for oritention and new staff
increased client dissatifaction
increased error