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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
BMI range of overweight patient
25-29 kg/m2
BMI range for obesity
30-34 kg/m2
BMI range for morbidly obese patient
35+ kg/m2
Right Upper Quadrant Organs (major)
liver
gallbladder
right kidney
right adrenal gland
head of the pancreas
duodenum
Left Upper Quadrant Organs (Major)
left lobe of the liver
spleen
stomach
body of the pancreas
portion of the left kidney
left adrenal gland
Right Lower Quadrant Organs (Major)
Cecum
Appendix
Ovary (Woman)
Right Ureter
Right Spermatic Cord (Man)
Left Lower Quadrant Organs (Major)
Descending Colon
Sigmoid Colon
Ovary (Woman)
Left Spermatic Cord (Man)
Left Ureter
Midline Organs
Aorta
Uterus (if enlarged)
Bladder (if distended)
pyrosis?
heart burn
abdominal contour shapes
flat (normal)
rounded (normal)
scaphoid (malnutrition)
protuberance (ascites, or overweight)
7 F's of abdominal distention
Fat (Obesity)
Fetus (Pregnancy)
Feces (present in colon)
Flatus (Gas)
Fluid (Ascites)
Fatal Tumor
Fibroid
sequence of techniques used in abdominal assessment
inspection --> auscultation --> percussion --> palpation
Types of Bowel Sounds
Active: 5-30 times/minute

Hypoactive: 4 or less/min

Hyperactive: 30 or more a min
(ex. borborygmus - normal)
In what instances would you hear hypoactive bowel sounds/ bowel sounds be absent?
after abdominal surgery

inflammation of the peritoneum
Describe hyperactive bowel sounds. What do they signal?
high pitched, tinkling, rushing rounds. they signal increased motility.
normal adult liver span
6 - 12
males is about 10.5cm
female is about 7cm
Murphy's Sign/ Inspiratory Arrest test for:
inflammed gallbladder

(pain felt when taking a deep breath when the examiner's fingers are on the approximate location of the inflammed bladder.)
Blumberg's Sign/Rebound Tenderness tests for:
inflammation in the abdomen (such as with appendicitis)