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25 Cards in this Set

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endocrine gland
producs and releases chemical substances that signal changes in other parts of the body
hormone
chemical substance produced by an endocrine gland
hypothalamus
endocrine gland located in the brain
pituitary gland
pea sized endocrine gland in the brain
puberty
period of sexua development during which a person beomes sexully mature and physically able to reproduce
sperm
male reproductive cell
fertilization
sperm cell may join with an egg
testes
male reproductive glands
testosterone
affects the production of sperm and signals certain physical changes at puberty like growth of facial hair
scrotum
sac of skin the testicles are in
penis
external sexual organ
semen
mixture of sperm cells
ejaculation
ejection of semen from the penis
infertility
condition of being unable to reproduce
menstual cycle
produce one mature egg cell each month
menopause
ovaries slow down their hormone production and no longer release mature eggs
fallopian tubes
passageway that carry eggs away from the ovaries
uterus
hollw muscular pear shaped organ
vagina
birth canal
pap smear
sample of the cells is taken from the cervix and examined under a microscope
mammogram
x ray of the breast that can help detect breast cancer
heredity
passaging on of biological traits from parent to child
chromosomes
tiny structures found within cells that carry information about the characteristics you will inherit
gene
section of a chromosome that determies or affects a characteristic or trait
genetic disorder
abnormal condition that can be passed from parent to child