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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What's the first thing you do in a crisis situation, and how?
Rescue the victim by moving him away from fire, oncoming traffic, and water is there is a possibility of drowning. Do not move someone with a head, neck or spine injury unless they are in danger.
What's the second thing you do in a crisis situation, and how? (3 things)
Check the victim's breathing. Look, listen and feel. Administer rescue breathing or CPR if necessary.
What's the third thing you do in a crisis situation, and how? (3 things)
Control sever bleeding by applying direct pressure, elevating the wound, and using pressure points.
What's the fourth thing you do in a crisis situation?
Get help!
How do you treat shock? (3 things to do, and one thing not to do)
Lay them down, raise their feet (unless there's a head injury) 8-12 inches, and cover the person with a blanket to keep their body temperature from dropping.
What causes faintness? (at least 3 things)
Illness, a stuffy room, over-exhaustion, not eating
What are first-degree burns and how do you treat them?
Affects only the outer layer of skin which results in red skin, pain and or/swelling in the affected area. To treat, run under cool water (or immerse if needed) for 15-30 minutes. Keep the burn above the heart if possible, and apply a clean dressing to the burn.
What are second-degree burns and how do you treat them?
Damages the outer layer of skin and the layer beneath it. Symptoms are red skin, pain, swelling, blisters and peeling of the skin. To treat, do the same as a first degree burn, but do not pop the blisters, and see a doctor if the burn covers more than two inches or if it becomes infected.
What are third-degree burns and how do you treat them?
Very serious burns where all of the layers of skin are damaged, and possibly even fat cells, muscles and bones. Get immediate medical care. Do not put water or ointments on the burned area, do not remove burned clothes, but DO apply a clean dressing and give small sips of water if the person is conscious. Check breathing and give artificial respiration if necessary.
What are the symptoms of heatstroke(name at least 3)?
1)flushed w/hot, dry skin
2)rapid pulse
6)loss of consciousness
7)rise in body temperature.
What do you do if you encounter someone with heatstroke (7 things)?
1)get medical help immediately
2)remove victim's clothing
3)spray person with cool water
4)wrap in cool sheets or towels
5)fan the victim
6)do not got the person shivering cold
7) keep a close watch on the victim's body temperature.
What are the symptoms of hypothermia (name at least 3)?
low body temperature
slurred speech
stiff muscles
red skin
loss of consciousness
What do you do if you encounter someone with hypothermia?
1)get medical help immediately
2) make sure the person is breathing and has a pulse
3)take the person to a warm location
4)remove any wet clothing
5)wrap the person in blankets (not electric)
6)have the person lie down
7) Do not massage the victim.
8)If needing more warmth, lie down next to them.
9)if conscious, give sips of warm liquid.
What are the five steps of the Heimlich maneuver?
1) stand behind the victim
2) put your arms around his or her waist
3) place your fist against abdomen
4)holding your fist with your other hand, give five quick, forceful thrusts. Do not squeeze the ribs.
5. Once the object is dislodged, give rescue breathing if necessary.
What are the ABC's of artificial respiration?
What is shock?
A dangerous condition in which the body functions slow down dramatically, caused by a traumatic experience.
What happens when you faint?
The blood supply to the brain suddenly decreases, causing a temporary loss of consciousness.
What are the four steps to follow when someone has swallowed a poisonous substance?
1)Call the poison control center, taking the bottle of substance that the victim swallowed with you to the phone for information.

2) Call 911 and explain the situation, telling them what the poison control center told you to do.

3) Save the container of substance and give it to the medical team when they arrive.

4) Wipe the mouth clean by taking a clean, moist cloth and wiping the mouth of the victim clean of any excess substance around or inside the mouth.