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42 Cards in this Set

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health
combination of your physical, social, and mental/emotional well-being

*affects everything about you
*affects attitudes and performances
*affects how you feel about yourself and how successful you are in relationships
3 elements of health
physical - body, eating healthy, reg doc visits
social - interaction with others, place in society
mental/emotional - state of mind, how you feel about yourself, dealing with life's demands
wellness
reaching total health with all 3 elements; general state of well-being
lifestyle factor
personal behaviors/actions related to the way a person lives that help determine their level of health
prevention
practicing healthy habits to keep one free from disease and ailments
health skills
specific tools and strategies that lead to better and more informed health choices
influences on health
heredity: bilogical passing of traits(un)
environment: surroundings, how/where brought up(un)
behavior: choices you make
risk factors
actions that could cause harm
cumulative risk factors
over time cause greater health threats
7 steps to making the right decision
Identify
Think
Predict
Choose
Do
Rethink
Refuse
refusal
say no
explain feelings
suggest alternatives
back words w/ body language
leave if necessary
personality
traits and characteristics that set you apart from everyone else. includes attitudes beliefs and feelings
personality starts taking shape before you're born
heredity: biological passing of traits
modeling: copying behaviors you're exposed to
behaviors: decisions you amke
emotions
signals that tell your mind and body how to react to certain situations - body's response to things outside the body
handling emotions in haelthful ways
*look below surface emotion
*don't take action on strong feelings until head and heart have weighed consequences
*remind yourself that feelings are just feelings not facts
*strong feeling can be a useful signal
*use positive feelings to inspire you, use upsetting ones to motivate you to change
*if feelings dont go away seek help from trusted professional
mental health
positive outlook, being comfortable with yourself and others. benig able to cope , adapt, and thrive on many levels - meeting life's challenges
signs of good mental health
*realistic about strengths and weaknesses
*responsible for personal behaviors
*avoid high risk behaviors
*open minded and flexible
*fun loving and able to relax
*respect theirs and others needs
*express emtions healthy
*invest time and energy into nourishing relationships
*put talents and abilities to good use
*view change as a challenge and opportunity
promoting positive self-image
*list assets and strenghts
*surround yourself with positive people
*find something you love and do it frequently
*dont make life a contest
*help someone else
self esteem
confidence and worth that you feel about yourself. directly related to your general level of wellness. how well you take care of yourself.
self actualization
abraham maslow
4 steps
1. physical: satisfy hunger, thirst, sleep
2. emotional: need to be loved, belong, be valued, be recognized
3. aesthetic: find and appreciate beauty in things
4. self-actualization: to reach one's full potential as a person
mental illnesses
illness of the mind that affect thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. identified by people's inability to cope in healthful ways with lifes' challenges and demands.
organic
caused by physical illness or injury to the brain
functional
may occur as a result of psychological causes but no clear damage is involved: stress, fear, poor coping skills, maybe traumatic events or chemical imbalance in brain
examples of functional disorders
anxiety, somatoform, personality, panic, post-traumatic stress, ocd, phobias
anxiety disorders
illnesses in which real, imagined, or persistant ears preventa person from enjoying life: phobias, ocd, panic disorders, post traumatic stress
phobias
specific fear so strong a person goes to extream measures to avid the fear. believed to be cause by past experience
ocd
trapped in a pattern of related behaviors or thoughts, becomes a problem when it interferes with daily activities
panic disorder
fear or anxiety prevails and gets in the way of functioning and enjoying life, often accompanied by severe symptoms like heavy breathing, increased heart rate, dizziness
post-traumatic stress
a person has expereicned or witnessed a traumatic event and feels sever and long-lasting after effects: flashbacks, nightmares
somatoform
a person complains of disease symptoms, but no physical cause can be found: hypochondria - belief that something is always wrong with body
affective mood disorder
often with organic cause relates to emotions and involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday life: bipolar and clinical depresion
clinical depression
feelings of severe sadness, hopelessness or despair lasts more thana few weeks and interere with daily activitie
bipolar
sever mood swings from very happy to very depressed
personality disorders
psychological conditions that affect a person's ability to get along with others. no distinct signs or sympotns: anti-social, passive-agressive, schizophrenia
anti-social(psychopath)
constant conflict with society. cruel, uncaring, irresopnsible, inpulsive behavior, doesnt care about others
passive agressive
uncooperative. resent being told what to do but depend on others
schizophrenia
ages 15-35, 1-2% of pop. exhibit abnormal emotional responses or no emotion. withdraw, hallucinate, hear voices, neglect to take care of themselves.
psychiatrist
diagnose, treat, prescribe
psychologist
diagnose, treat
social worker
case work, efeld work, clinics, servica gencies
neurologist
physicial specialized in the brain and nervous system