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15 Cards in this Set

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-from capillaries
-bruises from bleeding under surface of skin
-treat w/ ice or cold to area
closed wounds~minor internal bleeding
-rupture of artery or vein in major organ
-signs=discolor,swelling,feels hard
closed wounds~major internal bleeding
break in skin,can me nimor of severe

4 types=abrasions
lacerations
avulsions
punctures
open wounds
-most common open wound
-easily infected
-skin rubbed/scraped away
-rug burn,scrape,strawberry
-bleeding not severe
abrasions
-a cut
-result from blunt force splits skin
-affexts layers of fat and muscle,damages nerves and blood vessels
-bleed heavily and easily infected
lacerations
-portion of skin or tissue tares away
-severe bleeding
-put in ice
avulsions
-pierced skin
-little bleeding bc skin is closed around wound
-severe internal bleeding if object injures blood vessels or organs
puncters
-swollen area+red
-feels warm and throb w/ pain
-pus discharge
-develop fever and illness
-red streaks from bacteria in direction of heart
infection signs
-keep area clean
-elevate
-put warm,wet compress and antibiotic
-change coverings daily
care for infection
-transport oxygen,nutrients,wastes
-protect against disease
-maintain constant body temp
3 major blood functions
arteries
-carry blood away from heart
-vary in size-smallest carry blood to capillaries

veins
-carry blood to heart-deoxygenated
-carry waste from cells to kidneys,intestines,lungs,where they're eliminated

capillaries
-link artery and vein
-transfer oxygen from blood to cells
-pick waste from cells and move to veins
blood vessels
femoral=inside thigh in crease of groin
brachial=inside upper arm btwn elbow and armpit
tourniquet=to save life only
pressure points
minor open=wash w/ soap and water
major open=cover,use bulky dressing to stabilize
severed body part=wrap in plastic n then ice

1-direct pressure
2-elevation
3-pressure bandage
4-pressure point-artery
control bleeding
red blood cells-transport oxygen from lungs to body cells and co2 from cells to lungs

white blood cells-disease fighting part of immune system,product anitbodies,fight infection

platelets-scabs,cell fragments,blood clot
blood componets
loss of large amount of blood in short time
hemorrhage